Influence of aging on the control of the whole-body angular momentum during volitional stepping: An UCM-based analysis - Université de La Réunion Access content directly
Journal Articles Experimental Gerontology Year : 2023

Influence of aging on the control of the whole-body angular momentum during volitional stepping: An UCM-based analysis

Abstract

Evidence suggests that whole-body angular momentum (WBAM) is a highly controlled mechanical variable for performing our daily motor activities safely and efficiently. Recent findings have revealed that, compared to young adults, older adults exhibit larger range of WBAM during various motor tasks, such as walking and stepping. However, it remains unclear whether these age-related changes are ascribed to a poorer control of WBAM with age or not. The purpose of the present study was to examine the effect of normal aging on WBAM control during stepping. Twelve young adults and 14 healthy older adults performed a series of volitional stepping at their preferred selected speed. An Uncontrolled Manifold (UCM) analysis was conducted to explore the presence of synergies among the angular momenta of the body segments (elemental variables) to control WBAM (performance variable); i.e., to stabilize or destabilize it. Results revealed the existence of a stronger synergy destabilizing the WBAM in the sagittal-plane older adults compared to young adults during stepping, while there was no difference between the two groups in the frontal and transversal planes. Although older participants also had a larger range of WBAM in the sagittal plane compared to young adults, we found no significant correlation between synergy index and the range of WBAM in the sagittal plane. We concluded that the age-related changes in WBAM during stepping are not ascribed to alterations in the ability to control this variable with aging.
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hal-04134416 , version 1 (20-06-2023)

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Teddy Caderby, Angélique Lesport, Nicolas A Turpin, Georges Dalleau, Bruno Watier, et al.. Influence of aging on the control of the whole-body angular momentum during volitional stepping: An UCM-based analysis. Experimental Gerontology, 2023, 178, pp.112217. ⟨10.1016/j.exger.2023.112217⟩. ⟨hal-04134416⟩
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