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Journal Articles Brain Sciences Year : 2023

Effect of Chronic Ankle Instability on the Biomechanical Organization of Gait Initiation: A Systematic Review

Abstract

This systematic review was conducted to provide an overview of the effects of chronic ankle instability (CAI) on the biomechanical organization of gait initiation. Gait initiation is a classical model used in the literature to investigate postural control in healthy and pathological individuals. PubMed, ScienceDirect, Scopus, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched for relevant articles. Eligible studies were screened and data extracted by two independent reviewers. An evaluation of the quality of the studies was performed using the Downs and Black checklist. A total of 878 articles were found in the initial search, but only six studies met the inclusion criteria. The findings from the literature suggest that CAI affects the characteristics of gait initiation. Specifically, individuals with CAI exhibit notable differences in reaction time, the spatiotemporal parameters of anticipatory postural adjustments (APAs) and step execution, ankle–foot kinematics, and muscle activation compared to healthy controls. In particular, the observed differences in APA patterns associated with gait initiation suggest the presence of supraspinal motor control alterations in individuals with CAI. These findings may provide valuable information for the rehabilitation of these patients. However, the limited evidence available calls for caution in interpreting the results and underscores the need for further research.
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hal-04309198 , version 1 (27-11-2023)

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Mohammad Yousefi, Shaghayegh Zivari, Eric Yiou, Teddy Caderby. Effect of Chronic Ankle Instability on the Biomechanical Organization of Gait Initiation: A Systematic Review. Brain Sciences, 2023, 13 (11), pp.1596. ⟨10.3390/brainsci13111596⟩. ⟨hal-04309198⟩
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