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A propos de la construction sociale de désordres liés à la culture : l'exemple du sévé mayé chez l'enfant réunionnais

Abstract : Mental suffering is universal. It is expressed through behaviors. To be recognized, appointed and supported by a therapeutic device, it needs to be expressed in a cultural code. To be healed, mental disorders are socially and culturally constructed (Aranowitz, 1998). At Reunion Is., some disorders (Poulnwar, sévé mayé, sésizman, marlé, aranzman, etc.) that Devereux (1970) calls "ethnic”, are culture related, they are really specific products of history and culture. These disorders, ordinary interpreted as consequences of human transgressions or magic are generally healed by traditional healers in the appropriate therapeutic devices. Named in the common language, recognized as symptoms of psychic suffering, they become objects of knowledge. Interpretation and care are based on a cultural heritage. Often they resist to western medicine. Through the example of the sévé mayé ritual, we advance the idea that culture related syndromes are resisting to modernity because they are essential to the Reunionese identity construction.
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Submitted on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 12:59:56 PM
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Jacques Brandibas. A propos de la construction sociale de désordres liés à la culture : l'exemple du sévé mayé chez l'enfant réunionnais. Kabaro, revue internationale des Sciences de l'Homme et des Sociétés, L'Harmattan ; Université de La Réunion, 2011, Savoirs et cultures, VI (8-9), pp.69-83. ⟨hal-03477186⟩

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