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Le risque requin, mise en risque de la pratique du surf à la Réunion

Abstract : This paper intends to illustrate to what extent the construction of the risk of shark attacks and its management reveal developments in surfing in la Réunion. The survey presented is based on a mixed methodology : the making of monograph from “whistleblowers” associations and analysis of their public discourses. Although it was well-known, this threat becomes more apparent, its visibility and its permanence now jeopardize the practice across the island. The forced defection of the spots led to a growing concern : a crisis begins in the surfing community. To understand this crisis one must know in what extend the shark threat was normal before 2011 and how it led surfers to fishing sharks. This activity generated a controversy that we will study in two ways : first by looking how surfers introduce themselves in order to legitimize their discourse and then by analyzing the functions of conflict in this crisis. The methods to reduce the risk of shark attacks do not fit in with the values promoted by the whistleblowers. We propose to analyze the arguments expressed in order to make them socially accept. The study of the controversy about methods of risk prevention can finally make understand the conditions for resumption of the nautic activities. We will illustrate this with an original repossession process based on free-divers (called “lookouts”).
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https://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-01232310
Contributor : Réunion Univ <>
Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2015 - 1:47:10 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 2, 2020 - 1:42:05 PM

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Marie Thiann-Bo, Pascal Duret. Le risque requin, mise en risque de la pratique du surf à la Réunion. STAPS : Revue internationale des sciences du sport et de l'éducation physique, De Boeck Supérieur 2013, n°99 (1), pp.23--36. ⟨hal-01232310⟩

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