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Jane Eyre, ou les rapports ambigus de la Governess et de l’éducation à l’époque victorienne

René Dubois 1
1 CRLHOI - Centre de Recherches Littéraires et Historiques de l'Océan Indien
CCLC - Contacts de Cultures, de Littératures et de Civilisations
Abstract : Even though Charlotte Brontë‟s best-known novel, Jane Eyre, published in 1847, is pregnant with such themes as love, marriage, religion, it appears that the no less important theme of Education underlies them all. Scarlely any Victorian writer dared to eschew this topic so deeply was that historical period obsessed with such matters as ethics, hierarchy, propriety and rituals that had to be respected by all for the insuperable sake of such notions as public decency, self-respect, self-esteem. To the critical reader, Jane Eyre reveals some of the essential features of Education in XIXth century England – in the restricted sense of schooling as well as in the broader sense of self-education – through its heroine‟s life, whose career as governess, though imbued with professionalism and devotion to others, even to her own detriment, ultimately results in thorough submission to Victorian bourgeois values whose totalitarian sway over bodies and souls is eventually deconstructed while being described.
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René Dubois. Jane Eyre, ou les rapports ambigus de la Governess et de l’éducation à l’époque victorienne. Expressions, Institut universitaire de formation des maîtres (IUFM) Réunion, 2009, pp.157--177. ⟨hal-01212667⟩



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