Biomechanical effects of the addition of a precision constraint on a collective load carriage task - Papangue Access content directly
Journal Articles Royal Society Open Science Year : 2022

Biomechanical effects of the addition of a precision constraint on a collective load carriage task

Abstract

Team lifting is a complex and collective motor task that possesses both motor and cognitive components. The purpose of this study was to investigate to what extent the biomechanics of a collective load carriage is affected when a dyad of individuals is performing a carrying task with an additional accuracy constraint. Ten dyads performed a first condition in which they collectively transported a load (CC), and a second one in which they transported the same load while maintaining a ball in a target position on its top (PC). The recovery-rate, amplitude, and period of the center-of-mass (COM) trajectory were computed for the whole system (dyad + table = PACS). We analyzed the forces and moments exerted at each joint of the upper limbs of the subjects. We observed a decrease in the overall performance of the dyads when the Precision task was added, i.e., i) the velocity and amplitude of CoM PACS decreased by 1,7% and 5,8%, respectively, ii) inter-subject variability of the Moment-Cost-Function decreased by 95% and recovery rate decreased by 19,2% during PC. A kinetic synergy analysis showed that the subjects reorganized their coordination in the PC. Our results demonstrate that adding a precision task affects the economy of collective load carriage. Notwithstanding, the joint moments at the upper-limbs are better balanced and co-vary more across the paired subjects during the precision task. Our study results may find applications in domains such as Ergonomics, Robotics-developments, and Rehabilitation.
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Dates and versions

hal-03853847 , version 1 (18-04-2024)

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Nour Sghaier, Guillaume Fumery, Vincent Fourcassié, Nicolas Turpin, Pierre Moretto. Biomechanical effects of the addition of a precision constraint on a collective load carriage task. Royal Society Open Science, 2022, 9 (8), pp.220636. ⟨10.1098/rsos.220636⟩. ⟨hal-03853847⟩
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