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Journal Articles Annals of Intensive Care Year : 2019

High-density lipoprotein (HDL) particle size and concentration changes in septic shock patients

Abstract

Background Sepsis is associated with systemic inflammation that may impact lipoprotein function. In particular, high-density lipoproteins (HDLs) that display pleiotropic protective roles may be dysfunctional in septic conditions. The aim of this study was to evaluate the HDL profile and the inflammatory context in septic shock patients admitted to our intensive care unit (ICU). Methods In this study, 20 septic shock patients and 20 controls (ICU patients without septic shock) were included. Plasma samples were collected on days 1, 2 and 7. Total cholesterol and lipoprotein concentrations were determined. HDL profiles were obtained using the Lipoprint® System (non-denaturing electrophoresis). Quantification of pro-inflammatory cytokines (interleukin 1b, 6 and 8), cell-free DNA and lipopolysaccharide-binding protein was also performed. Results HDL concentration was statistically lower in septic shock patients than in controls. At days 1 and 2, septic patients had significantly more large-sized HDL than control patients. Patients recovered a normal lipid profile at day 7. Conclusions Our results emphasize that HDL levels are dramatically decreased in the acute phase of septic shock and that there is a shift toward large HDL particles, which may reflect a major dysfunction of these lipoproteins. Further mechanistic studies are required to explore this shift observed during sepsis.
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hal-04543176 , version 1 (12-04-2024)

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Sébastien Tanaka, Dévy Diallo, Sandrine Delbosc, Claire Genève, Nathalie Zappella, et al.. High-density lipoprotein (HDL) particle size and concentration changes in septic shock patients. Annals of Intensive Care, 2019, 9 (1), ⟨10.1186/s13613-019-0541-8⟩. ⟨hal-04543176⟩
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