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L’obligation de « prévention du risque d’attaques de requins » dans l’affaire Bujon — La vision trouble du juge administratif sur la répartition de la charge du risque requin

Abstract : The Bujon case raised a new question from the standpoint of the French legal order, namely the possibility of administrative liability in the case of a shark attack. Regarding a mutilating shark bite that occurred in the midst of the amplification of the “shark crisis” in 2012, the Bujon case led the French administrative courts to render some highly questionable decisions overall. Firstly, the legal framework of shark-related risk management is seemingly troubled: Although the French administrative supreme court clearly set forth an obligation to reduce these risks in 2013, the lower courts have debated the legal status of a possible obligation to prevent the above-mentioned risks in this case, before which the Council of State remained surprisingly silent even if a reduction-based legal approach toward sharkrelated risks is noticeable in its decision. Secondly, the lower courts made an important mistake regarding the law that was appliable on the day when the attack occurred, and they as well as the Council of State stook to a particularly shallow assessment of shark-related risks that existed at that time. This led to a breakdown of the burden of risks so flawed that any possibility of administrative liability has been unduly excluded by the administrative courts in this case, to the detriment of the complainant. However, the critical analysis of the decisions rendered by the administrative courts in this case allows for the substantial clarification of how the competent public authorities shall implement the obligation to reduce shark-related risks, which is theirs beyond all doubt. This also allows for the specification of the relevant reasoning for assessing the possible liability of public bodies in this legal context.
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https://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-03572434
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Submitted on : Monday, February 14, 2022 - 11:40:33 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, February 22, 2022 - 6:48:03 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Sunday, May 15, 2022 - 6:42:05 PM

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Olivier Dupéré. L’obligation de « prévention du risque d’attaques de requins » dans l’affaire Bujon — La vision trouble du juge administratif sur la répartition de la charge du risque requin. Revue juridique de l'Océan Indien, 2021, 32. ⟨hal-03572434⟩

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