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Zika virus subversion of chaperone GRP78/BiP expression in A549 cells during UPR activation

Abstract : Flaviviruses replicate in membranous factories associated with the endoplasmic reticulum (ER). Significant levels of flavivirus polyprotein integration contribute to ER stress and the host cell may exhibit an Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) to this protein accumulation, stimulating appropriate cellular responses such as adaptation, autophagy or cell death. These different stress responses support other antiviral strategies initiated by infected cells and can help to overcome viral infection. In epithelial A549 cells, a model currently used to study the flavivirus infection cycle and the host cell responses, all three pathways leading to UPR are activated during infection by Dengue virus (DENV), Yellow Fever virus (YFV) or West Nile virus (WNV). In the present study, we investigated the capacity of ZIKA virus (ZIKV) to induce ER stress in A549 cells. We observed that the cells respond to ZIKV infection by implementing an UPR through activation of the IRE1 and PERK pathway without activation of the ATF6 branch. By modulating the ER stress response, we found that UPR inducers significantly inhibit ZIKV replication. Interestingly, our findings provide evidence that ZIKV could manipulate the UPR to escape this host cell defence system by downregulating GRP78/BiP expression. This subversion of GRP78 expression could lead to unresolved and persistent ER stress which can be a benefit for virus growth.
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https://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-03119668
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Submitted on : Monday, January 25, 2021 - 8:03:08 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 30, 2021 - 9:40:14 PM

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Jonathan Turpin, Etienne Frumence, Wissal Harrabi, Juliano Haddad, Chaker El Kalamouni, et al.. Zika virus subversion of chaperone GRP78/BiP expression in A549 cells during UPR activation. Biochimie, Elsevier, 2020, 175, pp.99-105. ⟨10.1016/j.biochi.2020.05.011⟩. ⟨hal-03119668⟩

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