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Départementalisation et condition des femmes mahoraises : Avancées et attentes

Abstract : The island of Mayotte is an integral part of French republic despite its local and customary rules. “L’île aux parfums” went through many vicissitudes since its colonization in 1841, and to its departmentalization in 2011. In 1966, Mahoran women stood against the Comorian domination and ended up defending the departmentalization project. They forever will shape the island’s story. The evolution of the women’s status is a corollary to Mayotte progress towards the ordinary law. Therefore, the departmentalization process is a milestone for Mahoran women’s history. In addition to the first recognized rights (right to marriage and economic, social and political rights), Mahoran women have new opportunities due to the department’s new status and the DROM one. Significant progress has been made with the participation of the French State and of the European Union; however much remains to be done. Today, Mahoran women are not entitled to equal rights as much as women in Metropolitan France and overseas. They face many difficulties. Anyway, following the example of their elders, Mahoran women continue to mobilize themselves at the education, health, political and economic levels in the name of equality. They don’t have another alternative because they are the future of this 101st French department of the Indian Ocean.
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Francine Gemieux. Départementalisation et condition des femmes mahoraises : Avancées et attentes. Carnets de Recherches de l'océan Indien, Université de La Réunion, 2018. ⟨hal-02474952⟩

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