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Écrire un archipel fracturé : Hamouro et les tensions postcoloniales dans les Comores

Abstract : Composed of four small islands, Grande Comore, Anjouan, Moheli, and Mayotte the Comoros archipelago is fractured by the political status of Mayotte, former French colony dependent on Madagascar and today the 101st department of France. In spite of this political separation, the islands are closely linked by their Muslim identity and they are all attached to Central Africa, Madagascar and Zanzibar by several centuries of migrations. While Mayotte benefits from its membership of the European Union, the multi-island state of Comoros remains one of the poorest countries in the world. This economic gap has destabilized the human geography of an archipelago defined historically by movements of people and goods between the islands. Today, such natural movements having ceased, detention centers in Mayotte are overcrowded and 40% of its population are undocumented. How does literature represent this “balkanization” of the Comore Archipelago (Taglioni, 2008)? How does the creation of a «false otherness» created by neocolonial interventions impact upon the identities of the Comorians? How can writing heal this imposed fracture? Our paper will deal with these issues through a reading of Salim Hatubou’s novel titled, Hamouro (2005).
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Srilata Ravi. Écrire un archipel fracturé : Hamouro et les tensions postcoloniales dans les Comores. Carnets de Recherches de l'océan Indien, Université de La Réunion, 2018, Varia. ⟨hal-02474944⟩

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