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La médecine des enfants au XVIIe siècle. Entre humorisme et mécanisme : découverte de l’importance du milieu

Abstract : As therapeutic and hygiene were caught between ancient medicine that viewed childhood as a disease and modern physiology that strove to depict its fragility, it was very difficult, in the XVII th century to distinguish one from the other. Yet with the fledging mechanistic conceptions a greater emphasis was laid on the environment, on the background whether it be materiel or human when one dealt with childhood in order to better understand it. The interest in feeding – breast milk, baby’s cereals – and in the cares given by the mothers or the wet nurses reveals this shift from the impact of Nature to that of background. Childhood bears the seeds of a possible perfectibility of human nature. It’s up to the “medical education” to train people to take that fact into account.
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Bernard Jolibert. La médecine des enfants au XVIIe siècle. Entre humorisme et mécanisme : découverte de l’importance du milieu. Expressions, Institut universitaire de formation des maîtres (IUFM) Réunion, 2008, Les enjeux des pratiques artistiques à l'école, pp.87-101. ⟨hal-02406929⟩

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