Epidemiology of Endometriosis in France: A Large, Nation-Wide Study Based on Hospital Discharge Data

Abstract : We aimed to assess the prevalence of hospitalization for endometriosis in the general population in France and in each French region and to describe temporal trends, rehospitalization rates, and prevalence of the different types of endometriosis. The analyses were carried out on French hospital discharge data and covered the period 2008–2012 and a population of 14,239,197 women of childbearing age. In this population, the prevalence of hospitalization for endometriosis was 0.9%, ranging from 0.4% to 1.6% between regions. Endometriosis affected 1.5% of hospitalized women of childbearing age, ranging from 1.0% to 2.4% between regions. The number of patients hospitalized for endometriosis significantly increased over the study period (). Of these, 4.2% were rehospitalized at least once at one year: ranging from 2.7% to 6.3% between regions. The cumulative rehospitalization rate at 3 years was 6.9%. The types of endometriosis according to the procedures performed were as follows: ovarian (40–50%), peritoneal (20–30%), intestinal (10–20%), and ureteral or bladder (<10%), with significant differences between regions. This is the first detailed epidemiological study of endometriosis in France. Further studies are needed to assess the reasons for the increasing prevalence of endometriosis and for the significant differences in regional prevalence of this disease.
Mots-clés : Périnatalité
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Peter von Théobald, Jonathan Cottenet, Silvia Iacobelli, Catherine Quantin. Epidemiology of Endometriosis in France: A Large, Nation-Wide Study Based on Hospital Discharge Data. BioMed Research International , Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2016, 2016, pp.3260952. ⟨10.1155/2016/3260952⟩. ⟨hal-01477002⟩

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