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Metallothionein expression in HaCaT and C6 cell lines exposed to cadmium

Abstract : Metallothioneins (MT) are low-molecular weight, cysteine-rich metal-binding proteins. MT play a role in the homeostasis of essential metals such as zinc (Zn) and copper (Cu), detoxification of toxic metals such as cadmium (Cd) and protection against oxidative stress. In this study, we examined the expression of MT in HaCaT and C6 cells as a strategy to enhance protection against Cd-mediated toxicity. At basal level, HaCaT cells showed higher MT level than C6 cells which could explain the resistance of HaCaT cells. Western blot showed that C6 cells treated with 20 μmol/L Cd for 24 h did not express any MT. MT were initially expressed in the cytoplasmic or periplasmic compartment and were then translocated in the nucleus after 24 h treatment by Cd both in HaCaT and C6 cells. In addition, the cell treatment with Cd was followed by an increase in the cellular zinc level but the electrophoretic mobility shift assay (EMSA) experiment did not show any translocation of metal-responsive transcription factor-1 (MTF-1) to the nucleus of HaCaT cells. These absence of translocation could be due to the presence of MT in these cells at the basal state. The translocation study in HaCaT cells suggested that the MT translocation in the nucleus was greater than observed in C6 cells. The latter observation could explain HaCaT cells resistance to Cd concentrations up to 50 μmol/L. Our results suggested that the C6 cell sensitivity was correlated with the decrease in MT level at 20 μmol/L Cd occurring after the transcription of MT gene.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 9, 2016 - 11:27:18 AM
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Yves Nzengue, Emmanuel Lefebvre, Jean Cadet, Alain Favier, Walid Rachidi, et al.. Metallothionein expression in HaCaT and C6 cell lines exposed to cadmium. Journal of Trace Elements in Medicine and Biology, 2009, 23 (4), pp.314--323. ⟨10.1016/j.jtemb.2009.05.005⟩. ⟨hal-01285466⟩



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