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A review of the dynamics and severity of the pandemic A(H1N1) influenza virus on Réunion Island, 2009

Abstract : Clin Microbiol Infect 2010; 16: 309–316 Abstract On Reunion Island, in response to the threat of emergence of the pandemic influenza A(H1N1)2009 virus, we implemented enhanced influenza surveillance from May 2009 onwards in order to detect the introduction of pandemic H1N1 influenza and to monitor its spread and impact on public health. The first 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1) virus was identified in Réunion on July 5, 2009, in a traveller returning from Australia; seasonal influenza B virus activity had already been detected. By the end of July, a sustained community pandemic virus transmission had been established. Pandemic H1N1 influenza activity peaked during week 35 (24–30 August 2009), 4 weeks after the beginning of the epidemic. The epidemic ended on week 38 and had lasted 9 weeks. During these 9 weeks, an estimated 66 915 persons who consulted a physician could have been infected by the influenza A(H1N1)2009 virus, giving a cumulative attack rate for consultants of 8.26%. Taking into account the people who did not consult, the total number of infected persons reached 104 067, giving a cumulative attack rate for symptomatics of 12.85%. The crude fatality rate (CFR) for influenza A(H1N1)2009 and the CFR for acute respiratory infection was 0.7/10 000 cases. Our data show that influenza pandemic did not have a health impact on overall mortality on Réunion Island. These findings demonstrate the value of an integrated epidemiological, virological and hospital surveillance programme to monitor the scope of an epidemic, identify circulating strains and provide some guidance to public health control measures.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 16, 2016 - 8:43:02 AM
Last modification on : Friday, February 25, 2022 - 3:19:38 AM

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Eric d'Ortenzio, Philippe Renault, Marie-Christine Jaffar-Bandjee, Bernard-Alex Gaüzere, M. Lagrange-Xélot, et al.. A review of the dynamics and severity of the pandemic A(H1N1) influenza virus on Réunion Island, 2009. Clinical Microbiology and Infection, 2010, 16 (4), pp.309--316. ⟨10.1111/j.1469-0691.2010.03171.x⟩. ⟨hal-01274622⟩



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