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Energy Cost and Mechanical Work of Walking during Load Carriage in Soldiers

Abstract : In the military context, soldiers carry equipments of total mass often exceeding 30%-40% of their body mass (BM) and complexly distributed around their body (backpack, weapons, electronics, protections, etc.), which represents severe load carrying conditions. Purpose: This study aimed to better understand the effects of load carriage on walking energetics and mechanics during military-type walking. Methods: Ten male infantrymen recently retired from the French Foreign Legion performed 3-min walking trials at a constant speed of 4 km[middle dot]h-1 on an instrumented treadmill, during which walking pattern spatiotemporal parameters, energy cost (CW), external mechanical work (Wext), and the work done by one leg against the other during the double-contact period (Wint,dc) were specifically assessed. Three conditions were tested: (i) light sportswear (SP, reference condition considered as unloaded), (ii) battle equipment (BT, ~22 kg, ~27% of subjects' BM, corresponding to a military intermediate load), and (iii) road march equipment (RM, ~38 kg, ~46% of subjects' BM, corresponding to a military high load). Results: Repeated-measures ANOVA showed that military equipment carriage significantly (i) altered the spatiotemporal pattern of walking (all P \textless 0.01), (ii) increased absolute gross and net CW (P \textless 0.0001), and (iii) increased both absolute and mass-relative Wext (P \textless 0.01) and Wint,dc (P \textless 0.0001) but did not alter the inverted pendulum recovery or locomotor efficiency. Conclusions: Military equipments carriage induced significant changes in walking mechanics and energetics, but these effects appeared not greater than those reported with loads carried around the waist and close to the center of mass. This result was not expected because the latter has been hypothesized to be the optimal method of load carriage from a metabolic standpoint.
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Submitted on : Monday, November 23, 2015 - 1:48:06 PM
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Jordane G. Grenier, Nicolas Peyrot, Josiane Castells, Roger Oullion, Laurent Messonnier, et al.. Energy Cost and Mechanical Work of Walking during Load Carriage in Soldiers. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 2012, 44 (6), pp.1131--1140. ⟨10.1249/MSS.0b013e3182456057⟩. ⟨hal-01232321⟩



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