Two-step Synthesis of New γ-Lactones via Cyclization of 7-Chloro-2-(methoxycarbonyl)-4-6-dimethylocta-(2E,4E,6E)-trienoic acid

Abstract : A new rapid synthesis of γ-lactones, cis fused with a cyclopentenic ring by thermal cyclization of 7-chloro-2-(methoxycarbonyl)-4-6-dimethylocta-7-phenyl (or methyl) (2E,4E,6E)-trienoic acids was reported. The key step implicates an intramolecular cyclization to a cyclopentenyl cation, according to an electrocyclic π2s +  π2a conrotatory process, published in a recent paper (from the corresponding diacids). We have investigated the thermal behavior of the corresponding half-esters since; if the cyclization obeys to the proposed mechanism, the diacids, half-esters must also cyclize in a similar manner. Saponification of these led to γ-dilactones via intermediary cyclopropanes. Mechanistic pathways were investigated.
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Jean-Marc Dillenschneider, Laurent Dufossé, Mireille Fouillaud, Nuthathai Sutthiwong, Roger Labia, et al.. Two-step Synthesis of New γ-Lactones via Cyclization of 7-Chloro-2-(methoxycarbonyl)-4-6-dimethylocta-(2E,4E,6E)-trienoic acid. Journal of Heterocyclic Chemistry, Wiley, 2016, 53 (5), pp.1439-1442. ⟨10.1002/jhet.2444⟩. ⟨hal-01188091⟩

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