Exploring global accessibility of deep ocean water for sea water air conditioning (SWAC) process: Identifying feasibility areas depending on temperature source - Physique et Ingénierie Mathématique pour l'Énergie et l'environnemeNt et le bâtimenT Access content directly
Journal Articles Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments Year : 2024

Exploring global accessibility of deep ocean water for sea water air conditioning (SWAC) process: Identifying feasibility areas depending on temperature source

Abstract

Sea Water Air Conditioning (SWAC) technology is a highly efficient alternative to conventional air conditioning system using renewable marine energy to provide cooling to buildings. However, its implementation requires access to Deep Ocean Water (DOW) at 4-5 • C, thus SWAC is only viable in coastal regions. Furthermore, one of the major obstacles to its global development is the investment cost that remains high. This cost is strongly linked to the bathymetry of the installation location as it determines the length of the drawing pipeline, which accounts for the largest share of the investment cost. Knowing the temperature and bathymetry profiles will enable the establishment of the financial viability of SWAC technology in a specific location. This paper presents an analysis identifying areas of feasibility on a worldwide scale for standard SWAC implementation first. Then, it explores an alternative design with a higher drawing point for seawater at 12 • C (coupled with a High Temperature District Cooling), which reduces the cost by shortening the drawing pipeline and allows for more locations to be suitable for this technology. Additionally, the impact of the El Niño/Southern Oscillation (ENSO) is also considered since a shallower drawing point makes it more sensitive to temperature variations.
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Dates and versions

hal-04363229 , version 1 (24-12-2023)

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Kanhan Sanjivy, Marania Hopuare, Anthony Jamelot, Franco Ferrucci, Olivier Marc, et al.. Exploring global accessibility of deep ocean water for sea water air conditioning (SWAC) process: Identifying feasibility areas depending on temperature source. Sustainable Energy Technologies and Assessments, 2024, 61, ⟨10.1016/j.seta.2023.103601⟩. ⟨hal-04363229⟩
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