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Approches neuronales adaptatives pour le contrôle tolérant aux défauts de systèmes pile à combustible

Abstract : The proton exchange membrane fuel cell is a promising electrochemical converter for production of electricity from the decarbonated hydrogen carrier. However, some technological challenges limit its deployment, such as durability, reliability or financial cost. The active fault-tolerant control strategy is one of the solutions to mitigate any system fault according to three actions: diagnosis, decision and control. This study proposes to develop a generic controller module adaptive to health states through neural networks. Dynamic programming controller, reinforcement learning, and echo-state models are combined for the design of the adaptive controller. This controller employs three neural models with specific roles: an actor, a predictor and a critic. Flooding and membrane drying faults are considered in this study. The proposed controller was able to demonstrate interesting capabilities on a simulation fuel cell model in multi-variable regulation for oxygen stoichiometry, membrane pressure difference and temperature. The results show superior performance of the proposed controller compared to a proportional integral derivative controller. Stability analyses were conducted to prove the continuity of the adaptive controller. The controller has been validated experimentally on a single cell test-bench. The configuration of the test-bench imposed constraints specific to an on-line and real-time application. The generic nature of the controller offers the possibility to switch from one configuration to another without having to design another controller. Several tests are carried out for regulation of the zero-pressure difference at the membrane. The controller was validated on the occurrence of flooding and membrane dryness faults, including actuator and water purging disturbances. The approach and the generic controller adaptive to the states of health proposed in this thesis allow to satisfy control requirements regarding the fault-tolerant control strategy. The first interest lies in the compensation of the multilateral effects of faults that lead to unwanted dynamic changes. Another interest is to be able to modify in situ operating conditions, components or even auxiliaries while being able to ensure a stable and optimal control.
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Submitted on : Thursday, September 10, 2020 - 9:00:57 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, October 14, 2020 - 4:10:02 AM


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  • HAL Id : tel-02935101, version 1


Christophe Lin-Kwong-Chon. Approches neuronales adaptatives pour le contrôle tolérant aux défauts de systèmes pile à combustible. Energie électrique. Université de la Réunion, 2020. Français. ⟨NNT : 2020LARE0008⟩. ⟨tel-02935101⟩



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