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Impedance spectroscopy study of the retinal pigment epithelium: Application to the monitoring of blue light exposure effect on A2E-loaded in-vitro cell cultures

Abstract : In age-related macular degeneration, the retinal pigment epithelium can be damaged by light acting on photosensitizers like N-retinylidene-N-retinylethanolamine (A2E). In this paper, the underlying cellular mechanism of lesion at the cell layer scale is analyzed by impedance spectroscopy. Retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells are cultured on top of custom-made electrodes capable of taking impedance measurements, with the help of a custom-made electronic setup but without the use of any chemical markers. An incubator is used to house the cells growing on the electrodes. An electrical model circuit is presented and linked to the constituents of the cell layer in which various electrical elements have been defined including a constant phase element (CPE) associated to the interface between the cell layer and the electrolyte. Their values are extracted from the fitted model of the measured impedance spectra. In this paper, we first investigate which parameters of the model can be analyzed independently. In that way, the parameter's evolution is examined with respect to two different targeted changes of the epithelium: 1. degradation of tight junctions between cells by extracellular calcium sequestration with Ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA); 2. application of high amplitude short length electric field pulses. Based on the results obtained showing a clear relation between the model and the physiological state of the cell layer, the same procedure is applied to blue light exposure experiment. When A2E-loaded cells are exposed to blue light, the model parameters indicate, as expected, a clear degradation of the cell layer opposed to a relative stability of the not loaded ones.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02897965
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Submitted on : Monday, August 22, 2022 - 11:24:30 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 28, 2022 - 5:59:43 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, November 23, 2022 - 8:18:51 PM

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Jocelyn Boutzen, Manon Valet, Agathe Alviset, Valérie Fradot, Lionel Rousseau, et al.. Impedance spectroscopy study of the retinal pigment epithelium: Application to the monitoring of blue light exposure effect on A2E-loaded in-vitro cell cultures. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, 2020, 161, pp.112180. ⟨10.1016/j.bios.2020.112180⟩. ⟨hal-02897965⟩

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