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Future Directions in Conservation Research on Petrels and Shearwaters

Airam Rodríguez 1 José Arcos 2 Vincent V. Bretagnolle 3 Maria Camila Dias 4, 5 Nick Holmes 6 Maite Louzao 7 Jennifer Provencher 8 André Raine 9 Francisco Ramirez 10 Beneharo Rodriguez 11 Robert Ronconi 12 Rebecca Taylor 13 Elsa Bonnaud 14 Stephanie Borrelle 15 Verónica Cortés 2 Sébastien Descamps 16 Vicki Friesen 13 Meritxell Genovart 17 April Hedd 18 Peter Hodum 19 Grant Humphries 20 Matthieu Le Corre 21 Camille Lebarbenchon 22 Rob Martin 4 Edward Melvin 23 William Montevecchi 24 Patrick Pinet 21 Ingrid Pollet 8 Raul Ramos 25 James C. Russell 26 Peter Y. A. Ryan 27 Ana Sanz-Aguilar 28 Dena Spatz 6 Marc Travers 9 Stephen Votier 29 Ross Wanless 27 Eric Woehler 30 André Chiaradia 31 
Abstract : Shearwaters and petrels (hereafter petrels) are highly adapted seabirds that occur across all the world’s oceans. Petrels are a threatened seabird group comprising 124 species. They have bet-hedging life histories typified by extended chick rearing periods, low fecundity, high adult survival, strong philopatry, monogamy and long-term mate fidelity and are thus vulnerable to change. Anthropogenic alterations on land and at sea have led to a poor conservation status of many petrels with 52 (42%) threatened species based on IUCN criteria and 65 (52%) suffering population declines. Some species are well-studied, even being used as bioindicators of ocean health, yet for others there are major knowledge gaps regarding their breeding grounds, migratory areas or other key aspects of their biology and ecology. We assembled 38 petrel conservation researchers to summarize information regarding the most important threats according to the IUCN Red List of threatened species to identify knowledge gaps that must be filled to improve conservation and management of petrels. We highlight research advances on the main threats for petrels (invasive species at breeding grounds, bycatch, overfishing, light pollution, climate change, and pollution). We propose an ambitious goal to reverse at least some of these six main threats, through active efforts such as restoring island habitats (e.g., invasive species removal, control and prevention), improving policies and regulations at global and regional levels, and engaging local communities in conservation efforts.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 5, 2019 - 6:32:14 AM
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Airam Rodríguez, José Arcos, Vincent V. Bretagnolle, Maria Camila Dias, Nick Holmes, et al.. Future Directions in Conservation Research on Petrels and Shearwaters. Frontiers in Marine Science, Frontiers Media, 2019, 6, ⟨10.3389/fmars.2019.00094⟩. ⟨hal-02146900⟩



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