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Analyse de la contribution des systèmes laitiers au développement durable des territoires. Étude de deux micro territoires contrastés en Inde du Sud-est et à l’île de La Réunion

Abstract : The current global challenges around dairy farming - and more broadly agriculture - tend towards more sustainable production systems that contribute to the development of territories in which they are embedded. The thesis objectives were i) to capture the dynamics of agricultural systems and their diversity, with a focus on dairy farming; ii) to develop a framework for analysing the contribution of identified dairy farming systems to their territories sustainability; iii) to apply it to two contrasting situations: the territory of Vinukonda (VM), in the state of Andhra Pradesh in Southeast India and the territory of Reunion Island highlands (RI), a French overseas island located in the Indian Ocean. The analytical framework developed combines the agrarian system approach and a multi-criteria sustainability assessment. The agrarian system approach i) highlighted the agricultural and more particularly dairy dynamics of the two study territories, ii) allowed the identification and characterisation of current production systems, and iii) led to the definition of the two study territories current issues. The multi-criteria sustainability assessment was based on the agrarian system approach for the selection of relevant evaluation indicators and for the primary evaluation unit: the production system. This evaluation finally translated the sustainability issues previously identified into explicit and comparable scores. From it, it was possible to propose levers to improve the contribution of the studied dairy production systems to the sustainable development of the territory in which they are embedded. Hence, dairy farming will better contribute to the sustainable development of territories when: production conditions such as access to fodder resources will be secured for all producers, especially the poorest (VM); milk price levels will allow sufficient labour remuneration to cover household needs and to invest in capital which in turn will improve production conditions (VM, RI); milk price levels coupled with territorial development policies will enable dairy farmers to move towards alternative production systems that consume less inputs, create products with high added value and therefore wealth, and are directly linked to consumers (RI); women, who provide the majority of dairy farming workforce, will be able to manage – on an equal basis with men – the income derived from dairy production (VM).
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Yvane Marblé. Analyse de la contribution des systèmes laitiers au développement durable des territoires. Étude de deux micro territoires contrastés en Inde du Sud-est et à l’île de La Réunion. Economies et finances. Université de la Réunion, 2019. Français. ⟨NNT : 2019LARE0021⟩. ⟨tel-02984467⟩

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