Secondary prophylaxis with inhaled colistin to Prevent recurrence of pseudomonas aeruginosa and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing enterobacterales eneumonia in ICU After lung Transplantation: A before-and-after retrospective cohort analysis - Université de La Réunion Access content directly
Journal Articles Transplantation Year : 2022

Secondary prophylaxis with inhaled colistin to Prevent recurrence of pseudomonas aeruginosa and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing enterobacterales eneumonia in ICU After lung Transplantation: A before-and-after retrospective cohort analysis

Abstract

Background. Early pneumonia is an independent risk factor for 1-y mortality after lung transplantation (LTx). Pseudomonas aeruginosa is the most common isolate in early pneumonia and is also associated with an increased risk of chronic lung allograft dysfunction. The aim of our study was to evaluate the efficacy of secondary prophylaxis with inhaled colistin (IC) in preventing the recurrence of P aeruginosa or extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacterales (ESBL-PE) pneumonia in the postoperative period in the intensive care unit after LTx. Methods. We conducted a before-and-after retrospective cohort study by including all patients who underwent LTx between January 2015 and December 2020 in our center. Secondary prophylaxis with IC was instituted in January 2018 (observation period from January 2015 to December 2017, intervention period from January 2018 to December 2020). Results. A total of 271 lung transplants were included (125 in the observation period and 146 in the intervention period). The patients were predominately male (64.2%) with a median age of 57 y and received double LTx (67.9%) for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease/emphysema (36.2%) or interstitial lung disease (48.3%). The proportion of patients who experienced at least 1 recurrence of P aeruginosa or ESBL-PE pneumonia was significantly lower in the intervention period than in the observation period (0.7% versus 7.2%, P = 0.007). Conclusions. Our study suggests a potential benefit of secondary prophylaxis with IC to prevent the recurrence of P aeruginosa or ESBL-PE pneumonia in the intensive care unit after LTx.

Dates and versions

hal-04540067 , version 1 (10-04-2024)

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Alexy Tran-Dinh, Lina Slassi, Christian de Tymowski, Maksud Assadi, Sébastien Tanaka, et al.. Secondary prophylaxis with inhaled colistin to Prevent recurrence of pseudomonas aeruginosa and extended-spectrum β-lactamase-producing enterobacterales eneumonia in ICU After lung Transplantation: A before-and-after retrospective cohort analysis. Transplantation, 2022, 106 (11), pp.2232-2240. ⟨10.1097/TP.0000000000004187⟩. ⟨hal-04540067⟩
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