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Journal Articles BMC Pulmonary Medicine Year : 2022

Favorable, arduous or fatal postoperative pathway within 90 days of lung transplantation

Abstract

Introduction The maximum gain in quality of life after lung transplantation (LT) is expected between six months and one year after LT, as the occurrence of chronic lung allograft dysfunction may mask the beneficial effects beyond one year. Thus, the postoperative period could be the cornerstone of graft success. We sought to describe the factors present before postoperative admission to the ICU and associated with favorable, arduous or fatal pathway within 90 days of LT. Materials and methods We conducted a retrospective single-center study between January 2015 and December 2020. Using multinomial regression, we assessed the demographic, preoperative and intraoperative characteristics of patients associated with favorable (duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation < 3 days and alive at Day 90), arduous (duration of postoperative mechanical ventilation ≥ 3 days and alive at Day 90) or fatal (dead at Day 90) pathway within 90 days of LT. Results A total of 269 lung transplant patients were analyzed. Maximum graft cold ischemic time ≥ 6 h and intraoperative blood transfusion ≥ 3 packed red blood cells were associated with arduous and fatal pathway at Day 90, whereas intraoperative ECMO was strongly associated with fatal pathway. Conclusion No patient demographics influenced the postoperative pathway at Day 90. Only extrinsic factors involving graft ischemia time, intraoperative transfusion, and intraoperative ECMO determined early postoperative pathway.

Dates and versions

hal-04540058 , version 1 (10-04-2024)

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Alexy Tran-Dinh, Donia Bouzid, Adnan El Kalai, Enora Atchade, Sébastien Tanaka, et al.. Favorable, arduous or fatal postoperative pathway within 90 days of lung transplantation. BMC Pulmonary Medicine, 2022, 22, pp.326. ⟨10.1186/s12890-022-02120-w⟩. ⟨hal-04540058⟩
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