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Journal Articles Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment Year : 2023

Response of the boundary layer clouds to the surface forcings: A case study of western India

Abstract

Clouds atop atmospheric boundary layer over an urban location have been studied using a ground-based Raman LIDAR (RL), supported by radiosonde, INSAT-3D & Meteosat-7 geostationary satellite, and ERA5 reanalysis datasets. The low-level clouds over Ahmedabad (23.02°N, 72.57°E) have been formed from the outflow of a large-scale convergence zone extending from the East-West Indian region. The persistence of these clouds throughout the day has been aided by the transport of moisture to cloud heights by turbulent updrafts. The cloud cover broke off with the entrainment of free tropospheric air with the deepening of the boundary layer, disrupting the surface moisture supply. The consecutive two days (10 and 11 June 2016) observations from the RL showed a unique sensitivity of these clouds to the diurnal variation of the atmospheric boundary layer due to the strong coupling between the clouds and the boundary layer. Ground-based LIDARs provide a better platform for studying the low-level boundary layer clouds and their sensitivity to surface forces due to high accuracy and high temporal resolution. Thus, increasing ground-based observations of such boundary layer clouds is essential for a better understanding of climate sensitivity.
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hal-04250796 , version 1 (20-10-2023)

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Sourita Saha, Dharmendra Kumar Kamat, Som Sharma, Prashant Kumar, Kondapalli Niranjan Kumar, et al.. Response of the boundary layer clouds to the surface forcings: A case study of western India. Remote Sensing Applications: Society and Environment, 2023, pp.101073. ⟨10.1016/j.rsase.2023.101073⟩. ⟨hal-04250796⟩
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