Severe community-acquired pneumonia in Reunion Island: Epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological characteristics, 2016–2018 - Université de La Réunion Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2022

Severe community-acquired pneumonia in Reunion Island: Epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological characteristics, 2016–2018

Abstract

No data are available on severe community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in the French overseas department of Reunion Island. This is unfortunate as the microorganisms responsible for the disease are likely to differ from those in temperate regions due to a tropical climate and proximity to other islands of the Indian Ocean region. The aim of this study was to assess the epidemiological, clinical, prognosis, and microbiological characteristics of patients with severe CAP in Reunion Island. Materials and methods This retrospective study evaluated all patients with CAP aged >18 years and hospitalized in one of the two intensive care units of Reunion Island between 2016 and 2018. Microorganisms were identified by culture from blood and respiratory samples, multiplex polymerase chain reaction from respiratory samples, urinary antigen tests, and serology. Results Over the study period, 573 cases of severe CAP were recorded, with a mean incidence of 22 per 100,000 person-years. The most frequently isolated microorganism was influenza (21.9%) followed by Streptococcus pneumoniae (12%). The influenza virus was detected in affected patients all year round. Twenty-four patients with severe CAP came from another island of the Indian Ocean region (4.2%), mainly Madagascar (>50%). Two of these patients presented with melioidosis and 4 were infected with Acinetobacter spp.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
journal.pone.0267184.pdf (844.87 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publisher files allowed on an open archive
Licence : CC BY - Attribution

Dates and versions

hal-04090813 , version 1 (06-05-2023)

Licence

Attribution

Identifiers

Cite

Axel de Mangou, Agathe Combe, Nathalie Coolen-Allou, Guillaume Miltgen, Nicolas Traversier, et al.. Severe community-acquired pneumonia in Reunion Island: Epidemiological, clinical, and microbiological characteristics, 2016–2018. PLoS ONE, 2022, 17 (4), pp.e0267184. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0267184⟩. ⟨hal-04090813⟩
13 View
13 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Facebook X LinkedIn More