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Journal Articles Heliyon Year : 2022

SARS-CoV-2 with Panton-Valentine leukocidin-producing Staphylococcus aureus healthcare-associated pneumonia in the Indian Ocean

Abstract

At this time, the literature reports only one case of superinfection with Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing Staphylococcus aureus in a patient with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia. Here we report the first two cases of PVL-producing S. aureus healthcareassociated pneumonia in patients hospitalized for SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in the Indian Ocean region. The two isolated strains of S. aureus were found to belong to the ST152/t355 clone, a known PVL-producing S. aureus clone that circulates in Africa and is responsible for infections imported into Europe. Our two cases reinforce the hypothesis that SARS-CoV-2 infection favors the occurrence of PVL-producing S. aureus pneumonia. Production of PVL should be searched in patients returning from the Indian Ocean region who present with severe SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia complicated by superinfection with S. aureus even in the case of late onset healthcare-associated pneumonia Dear Editor, Bacterial superinfections in patients with severe acute respiratory distress syndrome secondary to coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pneumonia are relatively rare and are often caused by Staphylococcus aureus [1]. At this time, the literature reports only one case of superinfection with Panton-Valentine leukocidin (PVL)-producing S. aureus in a patient with SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia[2]. Here we report the first two cases of PVL-producing S. aureus healthcare-associated pneumonia in patients hospitalized for SARS-CoV-2 pneumonia in the Indian Ocean region.
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hal-04057320 , version 1 (04-04-2023)

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Nicolas Allou, Jérome Allyn, Nicolas Traversier, Marie Baron, Renaud Blondé, et al.. SARS-CoV-2 with Panton-Valentine leukocidin-producing Staphylococcus aureus healthcare-associated pneumonia in the Indian Ocean. Heliyon, 2022, 8, pp.e10422. ⟨10.1016/j.heliyon.2022.e10422⟩. ⟨hal-04057320⟩
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