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Host status of Citrus hystrix, Citrus aurantifolia, Passiflora edulis and Litchi chinensis for Bactrocera dorsalis (Tephritidae, Diptera) on Réunion Island

Abstract : Introduction - Determining the host status of fruit species for a given fruit fly species is essential to decide on its risk for the international trade of fresh fruits. This study aims to determine if Bactrocera dorsalis, the Oriental fruit fly, can infest fruits of four commercial species grown for exportation: Citrus aurantifolia, Citrus hystrix, Passiflora edulis and Litchi chinensis in La Reunion. Materials and methods - Fruits of C. aurantifolia, C. hystrix, P. edulis and L. chinensis were collected in the field to determine their natural infestation rates (natural hosts) and laboratory experiments were carried out to study insects' ability to oviposit and develop in the fruits (conditional hosts). Results and discussion - The two tested Citrus species were neither natural nor conditional hosts for B. dorsalis. Passiflora edulis was a conditional host for B. dorsalis on Reunion Island, as we observed infestations only in experimental conditions. Infestations in experimental and natural conditions by B. dorsalis were observed for L. chinensis. Conclusion - Our findings provided background information on the host status for B. dorsalis for four major fruits candidates for exportation from La Reunion. The risk for export is weak for tested Citrus species because they were neither natural nor conditional hosts for B. dorsalis. On the contrary, the risk for export is not null for L. chinensis and P. edulis, which present infestation by B. dorsalis sidered to limit the risks.
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https://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-03606021
Contributor : Réunion Univ Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, March 11, 2022 - 2:42:43 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 17, 2022 - 8:21:07 PM

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L. Moquet, H. Delatte. Host status of Citrus hystrix, Citrus aurantifolia, Passiflora edulis and Litchi chinensis for Bactrocera dorsalis (Tephritidae, Diptera) on Réunion Island. Fruits, 2021, 76 (6), pp.310 - 315. ⟨10.17660/th2021/76.6.8⟩. ⟨hal-03606021⟩

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