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La crise des Rohingyas en Birmanie (depuis 2017) : un risque de déséquilibre pour l’océan Indien ?

Abstract : Several movements and risks have affected and transformed the Indian Ocean in the 21st century – both sea and land areas. Among them the major Rohingya Crisis, a Muslim minority in coastal Rakhine State (or Arakan) persecuted by the country’s Buddhist majority, has broken up in 2017 – violences have actually started in 2012. It carries an important risk of instability for the whole Eastern part of the Ocean – and even for the whole Indian Ocean? Leading to one of the worst humanitarian disasters of our time, the forced exodus of almost 720,000 Rohingya people (sources agree about this estimate) towards neighboring Bangladesh in order to escape abuses perpetrated by the Burmese Army (Tatmadaw) is of unprecedented scale. It has indeed dramatically upset both migratory flows and internal geopolitical datas within the Indian Ocean. Considered as « the world’s most persecuted minority » in 2019 by the United Nations, the Rohingya people have been systematically discriminated for several decades. Before the 2017 crisis they already were the world’s largest stateless community. According to sources their population is estimated between 1.5 and 3 million people.
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Submitted on : Thursday, March 10, 2022 - 7:58:16 AM
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Amaury Lorin. La crise des Rohingyas en Birmanie (depuis 2017) : un risque de déséquilibre pour l’océan Indien ?. Carnets de Recherches de l'océan Indien, Université de La Réunion, 2021, Mutations et transitions dans l'océan Indien, pp.139-148. ⟨10.26171/carnets-oi_0709⟩. ⟨hal-03603617⟩



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