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Stratégies cognitives enculturées et résultats à la WPPSI-R chez des enfants malgaches de 4 à 6 ans

Jean-François Hamon 1 Bernard Geeraerts
1 CRLHOI - Centre de Recherches Littéraires et Historiques de l'Océan Indien
CCLC - Contacts de Cultures, de Littératures et de Civilisations
Abstract : Encultured cognitive strategies and WPPSI-R among 4 to 6 year olds malagasy children The purpose of this research was to establish a link between the preferred categorization process and some aptitudes considered as a constrain of intelligence in young Malagasy children. The study was performed on a sample of 360 children (age range between 4,2 and 6,10 years) from Antananarivo town. Two variables were considered : Age classes and schooling kinds. A forced choice task, specially built for the research and the non verbal sub tests to the WPPSI-R, translated for the circumstances were proposed to the children. Results suggested that the strategies developed for each of the two tasks are in part similar. The children showed a clear preference for encultured strategies, here the diagrammatic strategies. The correlations observed, also suggest that the less rational strategies in a piagetian sense, would help the children in the resolution of complex problems. Scores obtained to the ‘taxonomic’ sub test were in accordance with the idea that culturally oriented strategies may be used with efficiency in unaccustomed situations.
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Jean-François Hamon, Bernard Geeraerts. Stratégies cognitives enculturées et résultats à la WPPSI-R chez des enfants malgaches de 4 à 6 ans. Kabaro, revue internationale des Sciences de l'Homme et des Sociétés, L'Harmattan ; Université de La Réunion, 2010, Construction identitaire et interculturalité dans le monde indo-océanique, V (6-7), pp.197-207. ⟨hal-03538419⟩

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