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Changes in High-Density Lipoproteins Related to Outcomes in Patients with Acute Stroke

Abstract : Modifications in high-density lipoprotein (HDL) particle sizes and HDL-binding proteins have been reported in stroke patients. We evaluated whether the lipoprotein profile, HDL composition and functionality were altered in stroke patients according to their clinical outcome using the modified Rankin Score at 3 months. Plasma samples were obtained from stroke patients treated with intravenous thrombolysis. Levels of cardiovascular and inflammatory markers in plasma were measured using the Human CVD Panel 1 (Milliplex ® MAP). Lipoprotein subfractions from plasma were quantified by non-denaturing acrylamide gel electrophoresis, using the Lipoprint ®-System (Quantimetrix ®), and HDLs were isolated by ultracentrifugation. Relative amounts of paraoxonase-1 (PON1) and alpha-1 anti-trypsin (AAT) in the isolated HDLs were determined by Western blot. HDL anti-inflammatory function was evaluated in human blood-brain barrier endothelial cells stimulated with 100 ng/mL TNFα, and HDL antioxidant function was evaluated via their capacity to limit copper-induced low-density lipoprotein oxidation. Stroke patients with unfavorable outcomes had a lower proportion of small-sized HDLs and increased plasma levels of E-selectin (SELE) and the intercellular adhesion molecule 1 (ICAM1). HDLs from patients with unfavorable outcomes had lower levels of PON1 and displayed a blunted capacity to reduce the expression of SELE, interleukin 8 (IL8) and the monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 (MCP1) mRNA induced by TNFα in endothelial cells. These HDLs also had a reduced antioxidant capacity relative to HDLs from healthy donors. In conclusion, an increased ratio of large/small HDLs with impaired anti-inflammatory and antioxidant capacities was associated with unfavorable outcomes in stroke patients. Alteration of HDL functionality was mainly associated with a low amount of PON1 and high amount of AAT.
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Submitted on : Monday, January 25, 2021 - 8:39:59 AM
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Lourdes Varela, Elena Meseguer, Bertrand Lapergue, David Couret, Pierre Amarenco, et al.. Changes in High-Density Lipoproteins Related to Outcomes in Patients with Acute Stroke. Journal of Clinical Medicine, MDPI, 2020, 9, pp.2269. ⟨10.3390/jcm9072269⟩. ⟨hal-03119697⟩

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