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Journal Articles Atmospheric Measurement Techniques Year : 2020

A global analysis of climate-relevant aerosol properties retrieved from the network of Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) near-surface observatories

Paolo Laj (1, 2, 3) , Alessandro Bigi (4) , Clémence Rose (5) , Elisabeth Andrews (6, 7) , Cathrine Lund Myhre (8) , Martine Collaud Coen (9) , Yong Lin (8) , Alfred Wiedensohler (10) , Michael Schulz (11) , John A Ogren , Markus Fiebig (8) , Jonas Gliss , Augustin Mortier (11) , Marco Pandolfi (12) , Tuukka Petäjä (13) , Sang-Woo Kim (14) , Wenche Aas (8) , Jean-Philippe Putaud (15) , Olga Mayol-Bracero , Melita Keywood , Lorenzo Labrador , Pasi Aalto , Erik Ahlberg , Lucas Alados Arboledas , Andrés Alastuey , Marcos Andrade (16) , Begona Artinano (17) , Stina Ausmeel , Todor Arsov , Eija Asmi (18) , John Backman , Urs Baltensperger (19) , Susanne Bastian , Olaf Bath , Johan Paul Beukes , Benjamin T Brem , Nicolas Bukowiecki (20) , Sébastien Conil (21) , Cedric Couret , Derek Day , Wan Dayantolis , Anna Degorska (22) , Konstantinos Eleftheriadis (23) , Prodromos Fetfatzis (24) , Olivier Favez (25) , Harald Flentje (26) , Maria Gini (27) , Asta Gregorič , Martin Gysel-Beer , A Gannet Hallar , Jenny Hand , Andras Hoffer , Christoph Hueglin (28) , Rakesh K Hooda , Antti Hyvärinen (29) , Ivo Kalapov (30) , Nikos Kalivitis (31) , Anne Kasper-Giebl (32) , Jeong Eun Kim , Giorgos Kouvarakis (33) , Irena Kranjc , Radovan Krejci (34) , Markku Kulmala , Casper Labuschagne (35) , Hae-Jung Lee , Heikki Lihavainen (18) , Neng-Huei Lin , Gunter Löschau , Krista Luoma , Angela Marinoni , Sebastiao Martins (36) , Dos Santos , Frank Meinhardt , Maik Merkel , Jean-Marc Metzger (37) , Nikolaos Mihalopoulos (38) , Nhat Anh Nguyen , Jakub Ondracek , Noemi Pérez , Maria Rita Perrone , Jean-Eudes Petit (39, 40) , David Picard (5) , Jean-Marc Pichon (5) , Véronique Pont (41) , Natalia Prats , Anthony Prenni , Fabienne Reisen , Salvatore Romano , Karine Sellegri , Sangeeta Sharma (42) , Gerhard Schauer , Patrick Sheridan , James Patrick Sherman , Maik Schütze , Andreas Schwerin , Ralf Sohmer , Martin Steinbacher (28) , Junying Sun , Gloria Titos , Barbara Toczko , Thomas Tuch , Pierre Tulet (43) , Peter Tunved (44) , Ville Vakkari , Fernando Velarde (16) , Patricio Velasquez , Paolo Villani , Sterios Vratolis (23) , Sheng-Hsiang Wang , Kay Weinhold , Rolf Weller (45) , Margarita Yela (46) , Jesus Yus-Diez , Vladimir Zdimal , Paul Zieger (47) , Nadezda Zikova
1 IGE - Institut des Géosciences de l’Environnement
2 CNR - National Research Council of Italy | Consiglio Nazionale delle Ricerche
3 INAR - Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research
4 UNIMORE - Università degli Studi di Modena e Reggio Emilia = University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
5 LaMP - Laboratoire de Météorologie Physique
6 CIRES - Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences
7 ESRL - NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory
8 NILU - Norwegian Institute for Air Research
9 Federal Office of Meteorology and Climatology MeteoSwiss
10 TROPOS - Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research
11 MET - Norwegian Meteorological Institute [Oslo]
12 IDAEA - Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research
13 Helsingin yliopisto = Helsingfors universitet = University of Helsinki
14 SEES - School of Earth and Environmental Sciences [Seoul]
15 IES - JRC Institute for Environment and Sustainability
16 UMSA - Universidad Mayor de San Andrés
17 CIEMAT - Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas
18 FMI - Finnish Meteorological Institute
19 PSI - Paul Scherrer Institute
20 LAC - Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry [Paul Scherrer Institute]
21 ANDRA - Agence Nationale pour la Gestion des Déchets Radioactifs
22 IOS-PIB - Iinstitute of Environmental Protection - National Research Institute
23 ERL - Environmental Radioactivity laboratory
24 NCSR - National Center for Scientific Research "Demokritos"
25 INERIS - Institut National de l'Environnement Industriel et des Risques
26 DWD - Deutscher Wetterdienst [Offenbach]
27 Department of Computer Science and Engineering [Minneapolis]
28 EMPA - Swiss Federal Laboratories for Materials Science and Technology [Dübendorf]
29 Arctic Space Centre [Helsinki]
30 BAS - Bulgarian Academy of Sciences
31 UOC - University of Crete [Heraklion]
32 Institute for Chemical Technologies and Analytics
33 ECPL - Environmental Chemical Processes Laboratory [Heraklion]
34 ACES - Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry [Stockholm]
35 SAWS - South African Weather Service
36 Department of Medicine [New York]
37 OSU-Réunion - Observatoire des Sciences de l'Univers de La Réunion
38 IERSD - Institute for Environmental Research and Sustainable Development
39 LSCE - Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement [Gif-sur-Yvette]
40 CAE - Chimie Atmosphérique Expérimentale
41 LAERO - Laboratoire d'aérologie
42 NCEO - NERC National Centre for Earth Observation
43 LACy - Laboratoire de l'Atmosphère et des Cyclones
44 Institute for Applied Environmental Research [Stockholm]
45 AWI - Alfred-Wegener-Institut, Helmholtz-Zentrum für Polar- und Meeresforschung = Alfred Wegener Institute for Polar and Marine Research = Institut Alfred-Wegener pour la recherche polaire et marine
46 INTA - Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial
47 Stockholm University
Clémence Rose
Yong Lin
John A Ogren
  • Function : Author
Markus Fiebig
Jonas Gliss
Olga Mayol-Bracero
  • Function : Author
Melita Keywood
Lorenzo Labrador
  • Function : Author
Pasi Aalto
  • Function : Author
Erik Ahlberg
  • Function : Author
Lucas Alados Arboledas
  • Function : Author
Andrés Alastuey
Marcos Andrade
Stina Ausmeel
  • Function : Author
Todor Arsov
  • Function : Author
Eija Asmi
John Backman
  • Function : Author
Susanne Bastian
  • Function : Author
Olaf Bath
  • Function : Author
Johan Paul Beukes
  • Function : Author
Benjamin T Brem
Cedric Couret
  • Function : Author
Derek Day
  • Function : Author
Wan Dayantolis
  • Function : Author
Asta Gregorič
  • Function : Author
Martin Gysel-Beer
A Gannet Hallar
  • Function : Author
Jenny Hand
  • Function : Author
Andras Hoffer
  • Function : Author
Rakesh K Hooda
  • Function : Author
Nikos Kalivitis
Jeong Eun Kim
  • Function : Author
Irena Kranjc
  • Function : Author
Markku Kulmala
Hae-Jung Lee
  • Function : Author
Heikki Lihavainen
Neng-Huei Lin
  • Function : Author
Gunter Löschau
  • Function : Author
Krista Luoma
  • Function : Author
Angela Marinoni
Dos Santos
  • Function : Author
Frank Meinhardt
  • Function : Author
Maik Merkel
  • Function : Author
Nhat Anh Nguyen
  • Function : Author
Jakub Ondracek
  • Function : Author
Noemi Pérez
  • Function : Author
Maria Rita Perrone
  • Function : Author
Natalia Prats
  • Function : Author
Anthony Prenni
  • Function : Author
Fabienne Reisen
  • Function : Author
Salvatore Romano
  • Function : Author
Karine Sellegri
  • Function : Author
Gerhard Schauer
  • Function : Author
Patrick Sheridan
  • Function : Author
James Patrick Sherman
  • Function : Author
Maik Schütze
  • Function : Author
Andreas Schwerin
  • Function : Author
Ralf Sohmer
  • Function : Author
Junying Sun
  • Function : Author
Gloria Titos
  • Function : Author
Barbara Toczko
  • Function : Author
Thomas Tuch
  • Function : Author
Pierre Tulet
Ville Vakkari
  • Function : Author
Patricio Velasquez
  • Function : Author
Paolo Villani
  • Function : Author
Sheng-Hsiang Wang
Kay Weinhold
  • Function : Author
Jesus Yus-Diez
  • Function : Author
Vladimir Zdimal
  • Function : Author
Paul Zieger
  • Function : Author
Nadezda Zikova
  • Function : Author

Abstract

Aerosol particles are essential constituents of the Earth's atmosphere, impacting the earth radiation balance directly by scattering and absorbing solar radiation, and indirectly by acting as cloud condensation nuclei. In contrast to most greenhouse gases, aerosol particles have short atmospheric residence times, resulting in a highly heterogeneous distribution in space and time. There is a clear need to document this variability at regional scale through observations involving, in particular, the in situ near-surface segment of the atmospheric observation system. This paper will provide the widest effort so far to document variability of climate-relevant in situ aerosol properties (namely wavelength dependent particle light scattering and absorption coefficients, particle number concentration and particle number size distribution) from all sites connected to the Global Atmosphere Watch network. High-quality data from almost 90 stations worldwide have been collected and controlled for quality and are reported for a reference year in 2017, providing a very extended and robust view of the variability of these variables worldwide. The range of variability observed worldwide for light scattering and absorption coefficients, single-scattering albedo, and particle number concentration are presented together with preliminary information on their long-term trends and comparison with model simulation for the different stations. The scope of the present paper is also to provide the necessary suite of information, including data provision procedures, quality control and analysis, data policy, and usage of the ground-based aerosol measurement network. It delivers to users of the World Data Centre on Aerosol, the required confidence in data products in the form of a fully characterized value chain, including uncertainty estimation and requirements for contributing to the global climate monitoring system.
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hal-02923802 , version 1 (27-08-2020)

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Paolo Laj, Alessandro Bigi, Clémence Rose, Elisabeth Andrews, Cathrine Lund Myhre, et al.. A global analysis of climate-relevant aerosol properties retrieved from the network of Global Atmosphere Watch (GAW) near-surface observatories. Atmospheric Measurement Techniques, 2020, 13, pp.4353 - 4392. ⟨10.5194/amt-13-4353-2020⟩. ⟨hal-02923802⟩
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