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« Être Mahorais » à La Réunion. Assimilation, résistance et dynamiques ethnogénétiques d’une communauté en transition

Abstract : Mayotte’s departmentalization process has contributed to profoundly modifying the way to « be Mahoran » on the island and elsewhere. The impact of traditional assimilation mechanisms –required by the institutional alignment program recently launched– is evident at structural level in Mayotte, but at cultural and social level the impact is less obvious. On the contrary, strong signals of Westernization can be observed among the lifestyles of Mahoran families permanently resident in La Réunion, showing the influence of postcolonial acculturation programs and the household response to it. Mobility experiences seems to multiplicated identity markers among Mahoran young people in La Réunion contributing to the creation of a generational fracture with the elders, the « Pioneers » of mahoran mobility, deeply rooted in the traditions. Despite its long-established residence in La Réunion, Mahoran community face stigmatisation and integration problems because of their particular cultural and linguistic specificities, unknown or misunderstood by most Reunionese people. It appears, nevertheless, that this marginalisation is not similarly experienced by the younger « Mahoreunioneses » –Mahorans born in La Réunion– and by the elders « Pioneers » : the young « Mahoreunioneses » express a partial belonging to the two cultural systems which may lead to a resolution of decades of stigma, contributing to a progressive social and economic integration of Mahorans in Reunionese society.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, August 25, 2020 - 11:50:45 AM
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Paola Schierano. « Être Mahorais » à La Réunion. Assimilation, résistance et dynamiques ethnogénétiques d’une communauté en transition. Carnets de Recherches de l'océan Indien, Université de La Réunion, 2020, Mayotte : entre contraintes et défis, à l’heure du bilan. ⟨hal-02921510⟩

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