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À rebours du voyage. Errances insulaires dans Voyage à Rodrigues de J. M.G. Le Clézio et Le Dernier frère de N. Appanah

Abstract : The travel narrative was the very first form of discourse concerning the Mascarene islands; today, as native voices rise in literature, we are to consider the relevance of such western literary forms. Though the travel narrative might still be able to tell the insularity and migratory history of these islands, it nonetheless lays its foundations on an epic tradition of representation that cannot tell their creole reality. Jean-Marie Le Clézio’s travel diary Voyage à Rodrigues (1986) and Natacha Appanah’s novel Le Dernier frère (2007) are two examples of how the travel narrative is metamorphosed when it comes to the Mascarene islands today. Journeys become merely wanderings, cyclic trips whose destinations are no longer possible due to a primary lack of origin. Both the journey and its narrative stumble upon an enigma within the place. Hence, they deviate and stray via fiction and myth: historically the narrative of a nation, the novel is here confronted to the very possibility of a native voice from Mauritius or Rodrigues island. What happens here is a creolisation of the travel narrative, whose perspectives on the world are obsolete in the Indian Ocean but which still asks an essential question: can one inhabit those islands?
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Cécile Do Huu. À rebours du voyage. Errances insulaires dans Voyage à Rodrigues de J. M.G. Le Clézio et Le Dernier frère de N. Appanah. Carnets de Recherches de l'océan Indien, 2018, Espaces insulaires de l'océan Indien. Les mutations contemporaines, 1, pp.51-65. ⟨hal-02474949⟩



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