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Les îles de l’océan Indien dans la littérature française de la fin du XVIIe siècle : idéologie coloniale et découverte de l’Autre

Abstract : During the second half of the seventeenth century, several French authors published travel diaries featuring the Mascarene Islands in the Indian Ocean. In particular, the works of Etienne de Flacourt and François Charpentier describe the colonization of Madagascar and the strategies that were put in place to achieve this goal. In the first part of this article, we analyze and compare these two diaries. Their historical context of allows us to highlight a colonial ideology which is specific to France. We will see the place taken by the Catholic religion to justify colonization as well as the importance of international trade. In a second part, this article is focused on the vision that these two authors have of the inhabitants of these islands. The descriptions of indigenous people by Etienne de Flacourt and his contemporaries are subject to a double discourse that combines the image of the “good savage”, docile and easy to convert with that of the fearsome warrior that one needs to be beware of. Finally, an analysis of French colonial politics is necessary to explain the reasons behind this dichotomy.
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Alice Bairoch de Sainte-Marie. Les îles de l’océan Indien dans la littérature française de la fin du XVIIe siècle : idéologie coloniale et découverte de l’Autre. Carnets de Recherches de l'océan Indien, Université de La Réunion, 2019, Réalités et imaginaires maritimes. ⟨hal-02474933⟩

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