, understand their literariness, narrative techniques, form, content and ideological discourses, Babacar Dieng, vol.3

, Works Cited Ambush, Benny Sato. -Culture Wars.? African American Review, vol.31, pp.579-86, 1997.

J. Baldwin, Sonny's Blues.? The Norton Anthology of Short Fiction, 1986.

H. A. Baker, Shifts and the Recent Criticism of Afro-American Literature.? African American Literary Theory, Winston Napier, 2000.

J. Baldwin, The Creative Process.? African American Literary, 2000.

G. M. Fabi, Passing and the Rise of the African American Novel, 2001.

A. Gayle, Cultural Strangulation. Black Literature and the White Aesthetic.? African-American Literary Theory, 2000.

C. F. Gerald, The Black Writer and His Role.? African American Literary Theory, 2000.

T. Harris, Jackleg Critics and African American, 1773.

J. D. Hart, The Oxford Companion to American Literature, 1995.

J. Lovell, Black Song: The Forge and the Flame, 1972.

E. Miller and . Ethelbert, African American Literary Criticism, 1773.

T. Morrison, African American Literary Criticism, 1773.

L. Neal, African American Literary Criticism, Self-Reflections on the Black Aesthetic?. African American Literary Theory, vol.----------------, 1773.

R. J. Powell, The Blues Aesthetic: Black Culture and Modernism?. African-American Literary Criticism, 1773 to, 1999.

M. Roach, Jazz.? African-American Literary Criticism, 1773 to, 1993.

J. E. Spears and . Black, Folk Elements in Margaret Walker's Jubilee.? Mississippi Folklore Register 14, vol.1, pp.13-19, 1980.

E. W. Traylor, Music as Theme: The Blues Mode in the Works of Margaret Walker.?Black Women Writers. A Critical Evaluation (1950-1980), Blues View of Life (Literature and the Blues Vision)?. African-American Literary Criticism, 1773 to, vol.--------------------------. -, pp.511-536, 1984.

M. Walker and . Jubilee, New York: Bantam Books, The Ground on Which I Stand.? Callaloo, vol.20, pp.493-503, 1966.

C. Wintz, The Harlem Renaissance 1920-1940. The Politics and Aesthetics of, New Negro" Literature, 1996.

R. Wright, , 1773.