D. L. Jones, Hawthorne's Post-Platonic Paradise: The Inversion of Allegory in 'Rappaccini's Daughter', The Journal of Narrative Technique, vol.18, pp.153-69, 1988.

B. Haviland, The Sin of Synecdoche: Hawthorne's Allegory against Symbolism in 'Rappaccini's Daughter', Texas Studies in Literature and Language, vol.29, pp.278-301, 1987.

N. Hawthorne, . Rappaccini's-daughter, . London-;-male, and R. Roy, The Dual Aspects of Evil in 'Rappaccini's Daughter', Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, vol.69, pp.99-109, 1954.

B. Mccabe, Narrative Technique in 'Rappaccini's Daughter', Modern Language Notes, vol.74, pp.213-230, 1959.

T. R. Moore, This Magic Moonshine: Fitz Hugh Lane and Nathaniel Hawthorne, American Art, vol.12, pp.78-83, 1998.

M. L. Ross, What Happens in 'Rappaccini's Daughter', American Literature, vol.43, pp.336-381, 1971.

S. David and &. Giltrow, A Confused and Doubtful Sound of Voices: Ironic Contingencies in the Language of Hawthorne's Romances, The Modern Language Review, vol.92, pp.559-72, 1997.

M. D. Uroff, The Doctors in 'Rappaccini's Daughter', Nineteenth-Century Fiction, vol.27, pp.61-70, 1972.