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Involvement of tumor necrosis factor alpha in intracellular multiplication of Legionella pneumophila in human monocytes.

Abstract : We investigated the role of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in human peripheral monocytes infected with Legionella pneumophila in vitro. Exogenous TNF-alpha significantly inhibited the intracellular multiplication of the bacterium. This effect was concentration and time dependent and was abrogated by anti-TNF antibodies. TNF-alpha levels in the culture supernatants were low but were enhanced by the addition of gamma interferon. When monocytes were cultured and infected in the presence of pentoxyphilline, a potent inhibitor of TNF-alpha synthesis, the intracellular bacterial growth was enhanced. The effect of pentoxyphilline was concentration and time dependent and was due to the inhibition of TNF-alpha production, as shown by Northern (RNA) blot hybridization of total RNA. In addition, the pentoxyphilline partially abolished the inhibitory effect of gamma interferon on bacterial intracellular multiplication. These results suggest that gamma interferon inhibits, at least partially, the intracellular multiplication of L. pneumophila by enhancing TNF-alpha synthesis.
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https://hal.univ-reunion.fr/hal-02304183
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Submitted on : Thursday, October 3, 2019 - 8:46:14 AM
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P. Matsiota-Bernard, Christian Lefebvre d'Hellencourt, M. Sedqui, P. Cornillet, M. Guenounou. Involvement of tumor necrosis factor alpha in intracellular multiplication of Legionella pneumophila in human monocytes.. Infection and Immunity, American Society for Microbiology, 1993, 61 (12), pp.4980-4983. ⟨hal-02304183⟩

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