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Interelationship between CD3 and CD28 pathways in a murine T cell thymoma

Abstract : It is well known that the CD28 costimulatory signal is important to complement T cell receptor (TCR)/CD3-initiated T cell activation, but the mechanism by which these two distinct signaling pathways are integrated is not clearly understood. In our laboratory, we dispose of a murine T cell hybridoma transfected with human CD28 molecule which is able to produce IL-2 in response to stimulation, suggesting that the signal transduction machinery coupled to the CD28 molecule is capable of triggering effector functions. Nevertheless, the action of three immunosuppressive agents previously shown in our model, suggested an interaction between the CD3 and CD28 pathways. We confirmed here this hypothesis by transfecting the cDNA of the human CD28 molecule in the BW5147 thymoma which lacks CD3 surface expression. Stimulation of the human CD28 did not lead to IL-2 secretion while the restoration of the TCR/CD3 complex re-established the functionality of this costimulatory molecule. These data demonstrate that the IL-2 production induced by the CD28 activation pathway is dependent of the TCR/CD3 complex cell surface expression and suggest the formation of a functional membrane complex between the CD3 and CD28 molecules. The molecular basis of the functional dependence of CD28 signaling on the TCR/CD3 complex is presently unknown. Nonetheless, we showed that some early events induced by CD28 stimulation, such as PI3-kinase association, are independent of the TCR/CD3 complex expression.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, October 2, 2019 - 7:33:53 AM
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Anne Clavreul, Sylvain Fisson, Christian Lefebvre d'Hellencourt, Dominique Couez. Interelationship between CD3 and CD28 pathways in a murine T cell thymoma. Molecular Immunology, 2000, 37 (10), pp.571-577. ⟨10.1016/S0161-5890(00)00085-7⟩. ⟨hal-02303085⟩



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