Individual street tree detection from airborne data and contextual information

Abstract : With the current expansion of cities, 5 billion citizens and 1.2 millions km2 more by 2030, urban trees have an important role for preserving the health of its inhabitants. With their evapotranspiration, they reduce the urban heat island phenomenon, by trapping CO2 emission, improve air quality. Urban tree structures including street trees and park ones do not have necessarily the same functions/roles in the urban context. In particular, street trees or alignment trees, create shade on the road network, are structuring elements of the cities and decorate the roads. Street trees are also subject to specific conditions as they have little space for growth, are pruned and can be affected by the spread of diseases in single-species plantations. As a case in point, a pruned lime tree (Tilia) has a life expectancy of 150 years against 800 years without constraint. Thus, their detection, identification and monitoring are necessary. In this study, an approach is proposed for mapping these trees that are characteristic of the urban environment. Three areas of the city of Toulouse in the south of France are studied. Airborne hyperspectral data and a Digital Surface Model (DSM) for high vegetation detection are used. Then, contextual information (from Geographic Information System (GIS) data) is used to detect the vegetation canopies close to the streets. Afterwards, individual street tree crown delineation is carried out by modeling the contextual features of individual street trees (hypotheses of small angle between the trees and similar heights) based on Marked Point Process (MPP). Compared to a standard individual tree crown delineation method based on region growing, our method logically provides the best results with F-score values of 91%, 79% and 85% against 70%, 41% and 20% for the three studied areas respectively. These results are illustrated in the figure 1. Our approach mainly succeeds in identifying the street trees. In addition, the contribution of the angle, the height and the GIS data in the street tree mapping has been studied. The results encourage the use of the angle (alignment), the height and the GIS data together. However, with only the angle and the height, the results are similar to those obtained with the inclusion of the GIS data for the first and the second study cases with F-scores values of 88%, 79% and 62% against 91%, 75% and 85% for the three study cases respectively. Finally, it is shown that the GIS data only is not sufficient. This study highlights the interest of taking into account the contextual characteristics of the studied objects. As an urban manager, this type of information is useful for a specific urban planning and a specific monitoring. Moreover, it can be integrated in species classification schemes in order to improve the accuracy in single species-plantations.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, December 18, 2018 - 8:07:49 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, July 3, 2019 - 2:51:15 PM


  • HAL Id : hal-01958418, version 1



Josselin Aval, Jean Demuynck, Emmanuel Zenou, Sophie Fabre, David Sheeren, et al.. Individual street tree detection from airborne data and contextual information. GEOBIA 2018 - From pixels to ecosystems and global sustainability ​, Centre d'Etudes Spatiales de la BIOsphère (CESBIO); Office national d'études et de recherches aérospatiales (ONERA); Espace pour le développement (ESPACE DEV); Société T.E.T.I.S, Jun 2018, Montpellier, France. ⟨hal-01958418⟩



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