N. Diaphus, Tåning's lanternfish Status at Madagascar: New record from off western Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Atlantic, straying to southwestern Indian Ocean, 1930.

F. Diaphus, Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific, Thiollières lanternfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern Madagascar by Nafpaktitis, p.49, 1934.

, MNHN 1977, p.478

D. Starks, Watase's lanternfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern and southwestern Madagascar by Nafpaktitis (1978: 33); also reported from off northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 2) as Diaphus elucens (non Brauer 1904); subsequently reported from western Madagascar by Hulley in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 296), and from Madagascar by Schwarzhans (2013: 64). Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar, 1904.

, MNHN 1977, p.479

, Diogenichthys panurgus Bolin 1946-Hermit lanternfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northeastern Madagascar by Pertzeva-Ostroumova (1974: 101). Distribution: Widespread in Indian Ocean

. Electrona, Cocco 1829)-Risso's lanternfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off Toliara by Aboussouan (1966: 165) as Myctophum rissoi. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, p.79

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Hygophum proximum Becker 1965-Firefly lanternfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northern and northeastern Madagascar by Pertzeva-Ostroumova (1974: 86). Distribution: Widespread in Indo-Pacific

, Tail-light lampfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.25, 2009.

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, except for eastern Pacific, Lampanyctus alatus Goode & Bean 1896-Winged lanternfish Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas, Myctophum asperum Richardson 1845-Prickly lanternfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northeastern Madagascar by Becker and Borodulina (1978: 120)

, MNHN 2006-0905

, Myctophum spinosum (Steindachner 1867)-Spiny lanternfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northeastern Madagascar by Pertzeva-Ostroumova, p.119, 1974.

, Distribution: Seychelles and Madagascar east to Line Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northwestern Australia, p.126, 1976.

. Symbolophorus, Evermann's lanternfish Status at Madagascar: New record from off western Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Widespread in tropical and warm temperate Indo-Pacific, 1905.

, Veliferidae Bleeker 1859

, Distribution: South Africa and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia and New Zealand, Spinyfin velifer Status at Madagascar: New record from off southern and southeastern Madagascar, based on MNHN material, 1907.

, ) as V. africanus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as V. africanus, from off southern Madagascar by 80 FISHTAXA, Velifer hypselopterus Bleeker 1879-Sailfin velifer Status at Madagascar: First record from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1961.

, Distribution: Madagascar east to Vietnam, north to southern Japan, Heemstra in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 399), and from Madagascar by Randall, p.80, 1995.

, Polymixiidae Bleeker 1859

, Remarks: Polymixia busakhini Kotlyar, p.26, 1992.

, the record was based on the holotype from the Madagascar Ridge, outside the EEZ of Madagascar and thus outside the study area of the present paper

G. Polymixia, Pacific beardfish Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern and southwestern Madagascar by Kotlyar, p.19, 1905.

, Distribution: South Africa and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia, Marine. Madagascar material: CAS, vol.66548, issue.1, p.180, 1993.

, MNHN 1988, p.1581

, MNHN 1988, p.1582

, MNHN 1988-1583

, MNHN 1998, p.859

, MNHN 1998, p.895

, Bregmaceros atlanticus Goode & Bean 1886-Antenna codlet Status at Madagascar: First record from off western and southwestern Madagascar by Belyanina (1974: 164). Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas

. Bregmaceros-mcclellandi-thompson, ex Cantor] 1840-Unicorn codlet Status at Madagascar: First record from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir, pp.105-106, 1961.

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas. Transitional water, marine. Bregmaceros nectabanus Whitley 1941-Smallscale codlet Status at Madagascar: First record from off southwestern Madagascar by Belyanina (1974: 155). Distribution: Eastern Atlantic; Indo-West Pacific from East and South Africa, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Fiji, subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219), and from off northern, western and southwestern Madagascar by Belyanina, p.172, 1974.

, Macrouridae Bonaparte 1831

, 210; 213) is extralimital, based on Walters Shoal material; the species has not yet been recorded from Madagascar, Remarks: A record of Coryphaenoides grahami Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991 in original description by Iwamoto and Shcherbachev, 1991.

, Material of Coryphaenoides oceanus Iwamoto & Shcherbachev 1991 in BMNH is extralimital, also collected at Walters Shoal

, Coelorinchus denticulatus Regan 1921-Filesnout grenadier Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Iwamoto and Anderson (1994: 6). Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar, p.81

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar material, CAS, vol.66491, issue.24

, USNM, vol.307887, issue.16

. Lucigadus, Bronze whiptail Status at Madagascar: First record from northern Madagascar by Heemstra et al. (2006: 449); subsequently reported from northern Madagascar by Iwamoto and Anderson (1994: 16). Distribution: South Africa to Comoros and northern Madagascar, Marine. Madagascar material: CAS, vol.66513, issue.3, 1968.

, Alcock 1894)-Dwarf whiptail Status at Madagascar: First record from southwestern Madagascar by Iwamoto and Anderson (1994: 22). Distribution: Widespread in the Indian Ocean, Sphagemacrurus pumiliceps, vol.66504

, SAIAB 31354

, Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar and Walters Shoal, Ventrifossa mystax Iwamoto & Anderson 1994-Mystery grenadier Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off Nosy Be on original description by Iwamoto and Anderson, vol.65514, p.23, 1994.

, CAS, vol.65515, issue.1, pp.1996-1415

M. Moreau, , 1881.

, Remarks: A record of Physiculus rhodopinnis Okamura 1982 by Paulin (1989: 122) is extralimital in the Seychelles EEZ

A. Rostrata, Günther 1878)-Blue antimora; antimora bleu (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from off southern Madagascar by Cohen et al. (1990: 354). Distribution: Cicrumglobal, except for North Pacific

, USNM, vol.320728, issue.1

. Gadella-macrura-sazonov and . Shcherbachev, Longtail cod Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northwestern Madagascar in original description by Sazonov and Shcherbachev (2000: S68). Distribution: Mozambique to, 2000.

. Australia and . Marine, Madagascar material: MNHN 1988-1481 (1 paratype)

, Laemonema robustum Johnson 1862-Robust mora Status at Madagascar: New record from off southern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Circumglobal. Marine. Madagascar material: MNHN 2000-1106

, Lepidion capensis Gilchrist 1922-Cape codling Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: South Africa to Madagascar

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Physiculus argyropastus Alcock 1894-Indian codling Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern Madagascar by Shcherbachev (1993: 156). Distribution: Comoros and Madagascar to western Mascarenes and India

S. Physiculus-bertelseni, Bertelsen's codling Status at Madagascar: New record from off southern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Walters Shoal to off southern Madagascar, 1993.

, Carapidae Poey, p.1867

*. Carapus, Status at Madagascar: First record from off southwestern Madagascar by Parmentier and Bailly (2002: 79) as C. ?dubius. Distribution: Madagascar. Marine

, Remarks: This specimen apparently belongs to an undescribed species similar to C. dubius (Putnam 1874)

C. Mourlani, ) as Fierasfer mourlani; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1961a: 103) as C. pindae, from Madagascar by Markle and Olney (1990: 384), and from Madagascar by Winterbottom and Anderson (1997: 5). Distribution: Red Sea, South and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia and New Caledonia. Marine, Star pearlfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Sarodrano in original description by Petit, pp.393-395, 1934.

, USNM 198649 (1), USNM, vol.394995, issue.2

, Distribution: Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Society Islands, north to Taiwan and Yaeyama Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), Kaup 1856)-Pinhead pearlfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Myers, p.65, 1999.

, and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Society Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) to New Caledonia, p.26, 2009.

, USNM 198206

. Encheliophis, 202) as Fierasfer homei; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1955b: 414) as Carapus homei, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238) as C. homei, from Madagascar by Olney and Markle in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 352) as C. homei, from Madagascar by Fricke, Silver pearlfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Sarodrano by Pellegrin, p.27, 1846.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Society Islands and 83

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Gambier Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia

. Encheliophis-vermiops-markle-&-olney, Pygmy pearlfish Status at Madagascar: New record from Toliara, based on USNM material. Distribution, vol.394996, 1990.

. Onuxodon, Fowler's pearlfish Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on USNM material. Distribution: South Africa and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Pitcairn, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New South Wales (Australia), New Caledonia and Kermadec Islands, Marine. Madagascar material: USNM, vol.304900, issue.1, 1955.

. Onuxodon, Oyster pearlfish Status at Madagascar: New record from off southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: South Africa, Madagascar and Seychelles east to Hawaiian Islands and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New South Wales (Australia) and, 1927.

, Ophidiidae Rafinesque 1810

, Barathrodemus nasutus Smith & Radcliffe in Radcliffe 1913-Nosy cusk Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Madagascar; Indonesia

. Bassogigas-gillii-goode, Bean 1896-Gill's cusk eel Status at Madagascar: First record from off Madagascar by Nielsen and Cohen in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 345); subsequently reported from off northern Madagascar by Nielsen and Møller (2011: 787). Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas, except for eastern Pacific

, Distribution: Widespread in Indo-West Pacific, Bassozetus glutinosus (Alcock 1890)-Glowing assfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern Madagascar by Nielsen and Merrett, p.33, 2000.

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.27, 1999.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

. Lord-howe-island,

, AMNH, vol.250682, issue.1, p.250683

. Epetriodus-freddyi-cohen-&-nielsen, Freddy's assfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off western Madagascar in original description by Cohen and Nielsen (1978: 30). Distribution: South Africa, Mozambique and Madagascar east to Wallis and Futuna, north to southern Japan, 1978.

, Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar, Glyptophidium longipes Norman 1939-Bigeye brotula Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern and southwestern Madagascar by Nielsen and Machida, p.301, 1988.

, MNHN 1985, p.431

, MNHN 1985, p.432

, MNHN 1985, p.433

, MNHN 1985, p.434

, MNHN 1985, p.435

. Monomitopus, Alcock 1896)-Indian cusk Status at Madagascar: New record from southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Madagascar; India. Marine

, MNHN 1993, p.659

. Monomitopus, Alcock 1889)-Blackfin cusk Status at Madagascar: New record from southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: South and East Africa and India east to India and Andaman Sea

, MNHN 1994, p.657

, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, *Neobythites crosnieri Nielsen 1995-Crosnier's cusk eel Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northwestern and western Madagascar in original description by Nielsen, pp.27-28, 1995.

, ZMUC P, vol.77823

, B); subsequently reported reported from Madagascar by Nielsen et al. (1999: 82), and from Madagascar by Nielsen (2002: 63). Distribution: South Africa to Madagascar, Neobythites natalensis Nielsen 1995-Natal cusk eel Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northwestern Madagascar in original description by Nielsen, p.9, 1995.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Neobythites vityazi Nielsen 1995-Vityaz cusk eel Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northern, western and southeastern Madagascar in original description by Nielsen (1995: 14); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Nielsen (2002: 98). Distribution: Mozambique to Madagascar

, MNHN 1992-0526

, MNHN 1992-0528

, ZMMU P, vol.18920

, ZMMU P, vol.18921

, ZMMU P, vol.18922

Z. P. ,

, Pycnocraspedum squamipinne Alcock 1889-Pelagic cusk Status at Madagascar: New record from Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: East Africa to Madagascar; northern Australia to New Caledonia

, MNHN 2000, vol.5692, issue.1

, Distribution: Madagascar; India; New Caledonia; probably more widespread, Tauredophidium hextii Alcock 1890-Hexti's cusk Status at Madagascar: New record from off western Madagascar, based on MNHN material

, Bythitidae Gill 1861

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas, Aphyonus gelatinosus Günther 1878-Gelantinous blindfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern Madagascar by Nielsen, p.324, 2015.

Z. P. , , p.771731

. Brosmophyciops-pautzkei-schultz-in, . Schultz, . Chapman, &. Lachner, and . Woods-;-nielsen, Distribution: Comoros and Madagascar east to Marshall and Pitcairn islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia. Marine. Paraphyonus bolini (Nielsen 1974)-Bolin's blindfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern and western Madagascar by Nielsen, Slimy cuskeel Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, pp.2014-2937, 1960.

. Saccogaster, Distribution: Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands, north to South China Sea, south to northern Australia, Bagbelly cusk Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern and western Madagascar by, p.23, 1966.

D. Whitley, , 1928.

, Dinematichthys iluocoeteoides Bleeker 1855-Yellow cusk Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238); subsequently reported from off western 86 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Samoa and Tonga, north to Kagoshima Islands and Ogasawara islands and Taiwan, south to Wesstern Australia and Queensland (Australia), Madagascar by Møller & Schwarzhans, p.133, 2008.

, USNM 263673

, Distribution: Agalega Islands to northern Madagascar, Mahajangaichthys agalegae Schwarzhans & Møller 2011-Agalega cusk Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Fisaka in original description by Schwarzhans and Møller, pp.167-169, 2011.

, figs. 30-31); subsequently reported from Madagascar by by Schwarzhans and Møller (2011: 170). Distribution: Agalega Islands to Madagascar, Mahajangaichthys simplex Schwarzhans & Møller 2007-Madagascar cusk Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Chesterfield Island in original description by Schwarzhans and Møller, pp.75-78, 2007.

B. Jordan, , 1896.

, and reported from there by subsequent authors, but most probably originated from South America; it is a junior synonym of the Atlantic species Thalassophryne maculosa Günther 1861, Batrachus uranoscopus was originally described from Madagascar by Guichenot, pp.140-141, 1866.

A. Smith, 569, figs. 1-6); previously reported from Tohizona (Maroantsetra) River by Steindachner (1880b: 246) as Batrachus grunniens (non Linnaeus 1758), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139) as Batrachus grunniens, from Madagascar by Elouard (2001: 257) as Batrachus grunniens (non Linnaeus 1758), and from Madagascar by Greenfield, p.233686, 2004.

, MNHN 1966-0912

, MNHN 1992-0197

, Lophiidae Rafinesque 1810

. Lophiodes, Natal monk Status at Madagascar: First record from off northern Madagascar in original descriptions of Chirolophius (Pyrenophorus) crosnieri and C. (Pyrenophorus) phycoides by Danois, vol.82, p.55, 1921.

, Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Marine. Madagascar material: MNHN 1973-0023 (lectotype of Chirolophius crosnieri Danois 1975, as designated by Caruso 1981: 527), subsequently reported from northern Madagascar by Caruso (1981: 529), and from northern Madagascar by Caruso in Smith and Heemstra, p.364, 1986.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar 1181

, MNHN 2014, p.1880

, MNHN, issue.1, 1945.

, Indian smooth angler; bandroie marache (French) Status at Madagascar: New record of this taxon from Madagascar; also reported from off western Madagascar in original description of Chirolophius (Lophiodes) lugubris var. madagascariensis by Danois (1975: 89, fig. 56); subsequently reported from northern Madagascar by Caruso (1981: 538) as Lophiodes mutilus (non Alcock 1894), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 103) as L. mutilus (non Alcock 1894), and from Madagascar by, ) as L. mutilus, p.28, 2009.

, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Wallis and Futuna, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia

, MNHN 1973, p.28

, MNHN 1973, p.29

, MNHN 1988, p.350

, MNHN 1988, p.351

, MNHN 2014-1253

, MNHN 2014, p.1560

, Lophius vomerinus Alcock 1894-Devil anglerfish; baudroie diable (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from southeastern Madagascar, Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) and western Madagascar by Danois (1975: 103-105) as Lophiomus upsicephalus. Distribution: South Africa to Madagascar

, Antennariidae Jarocki, p.1822

, Commerson's frogfish; grenouille de Commerson (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, Anonymus 1798)-Big angler, giant frogfish, p.28, 1999.

, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Panama, north to southern Japan, Ogasawara Islands, Hawaiian Islands and Society islands, south to Houtman Abrolhos (Western Australia)

, Antennarius hispidus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)-Shaggy angler Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 146) as Chironectes hispidus

, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 71), from Madagascar by Danois, p.117, 1964.

, Phymatophryne maculata (non Desjardins 1840), and from Toliara by Maugé, p.242, 1967.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Indonesia, Samoa and Tonga, north to Taiwan, south to Western Australia and Loyalty Islands

, Distribution: Red Sea, Madagascar, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Maldives east to Mariana Islands and Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia, Antennarius maculatus (Desjardins 1840)-Warty frogfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1967.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Society Islands, north to Philippines and Midway Atoll, south to Western Australia, Society Islands. Marine. Antennarius pictus (Shaw in Shaw & Bodder 1794)-Painted frogfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Danois, p.28, 1964.

, MNHN 1965, p.61

, 121) as Phrynelox zebrinus; subsequently reported from Mitsio Islands by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 24) as A. pinniceps, from Madagascar by Pietsch and Grobecker (1987: 60), and from Madagascar by Fricke, Antennarius striatus (Shaw in Shaw & Nodder 1794)-Striped angler Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Danois, pp.107-108, 1964.

, MNHN 1992, p.679

, MNHN 20051217

, MNHN 1998, p.837

, MNHN 2005, p.1217

, 98) as Antennarius coccineus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 242) as Antennarius coccineus, 144, 146) as Antennarius coccineus, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 103) as Antennarius coccineus, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 105) as Antennarius coccineus, and from Madagascar by Fricke et al. (2009: 28) as Antennarius coccineus. Distribution: Red Sea, p.249076, 1964.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249077

, UMMZ, vol.185637, issue.1

, UMMZ 185973 (1), USNM, vol.386264, issue.1

A. Nummifer, 104) as Antennarius nummifer; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 242) as Antennarius nummifer, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 106) as Antennarius nummifer, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 105) as Antennarius nummifer, and from Madagascar by, Cuvier 1817)-Spotfin angler, spotfin frogfish; antennaire tacheté (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, 1961.

. Fricke, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Günther (1861: 199) as Antennarius bigibbus, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 71) as Antennarius bigibbus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 242) as A. bigibbus, from Madagascar by Pietsch in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 369) as Antennarius tuberosus, from Madagascar by Pietsch and Grobecker (1987: 193), and from Madagascar by Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Antennatus tuberosus (Cuvier 1817)-Pygmy angler Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description of Antennarius unicornis by Bennett, pp.108-109, 1827.

, BMNH 1981.5.27.7 (1 paralectotype of Antennarius unicornis Bennett

. Histrio, Antennarius marmoratus var. ? marmorata; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 146) as Chironectes marmoratus, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 72) as Antennarius marmoratus, from Madagascar by Danois (1964: 132) as Pterophryne histrio, Sargassumfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther (1861: 187) as, vol.208, p.29, 1758.

, MNHN A, vol.4600, issue.1

, MNHN A, vol.4631, issue.1

, Chaunax russatus Ho, Roberts & Stewart 2013 occurs extralimital on the Madagascar Ridge (Ho and, 2016.

L. , Ape frogmouth Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Holleman and Ma (2016: 190); previously reported from off northwestern and southwestern Madagascar by Danois, pp.34-41, 1909.

C. , Whitley 1929) and C. penicillatus (non McCulloch 1915), and from Madagascar by Smith in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 370) as C. pictus (non McCulloch, 1915.

, Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar, p.18593

, MNHN 1977, p.41

, MNHN 1977, p.42

, MNHN 1977-0043

, MNHN 1977, p.44

, MNHN 2013, p.1224

, MNHN 2013-1225, p.31339

. Ma, Southern frogmouth Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northwestern, southwestern and southeastern Madagascar in original description by, p.176, 2016.

, Distribution: Mozambique to Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes). 145-637 m depth. Marine. Madagascar material: AMS I, pp.28137-28143

, MNHN 1977-0023

, MNHN 1977, p.33

, MNHN 1977-0036

, MNHN 20141838

, MNHN 2014, p.1840

, MNHN 2014-1878

, MNHN, issue.1, 1900.

, MNHN, issue.2, 1962.

, SAIAB 189525

, USNM 307534 (2 paratypes), USNM, vol.307546, issue.2

*. Chaunax and . Danois, Flame frogmouth Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northern Madagascar in original description of Chaunax umbrinus flammeus by Danois (1979: 17, figs. 6-8); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, pp.190-191, 1979.

, MNHN 1977, p.25

, MNHN 1977, p.26

, MNHN 1977, p.42

, MNHN 1977-0043

. Chaunax, . Ho, and . Ma, Heemstra's frogmouth Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off southwestern Madagascar in original description by Ho and Ma (2016: 182). Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar. 102-774 m depth, 2016.

, MNHN 1977-0031

*. Chaunax, &. Ho, and . Ma, Madagascar frogmouth Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off western and southwestern Madagascar in original description by Ho and Ma (2016: 176). Distribution: Endemic to western Madagascar, 2016.

, MNHN 1977-0028

, MNHN 1977-0038

, part); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 370) as C. pencillatus, and from Madagascar by Ho & Ma (2016: 191). Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to Chatham Rise, Chaunax penicillatus McCulloch 1915-Pencil frogmouth Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Danois, pp.34-41, 1979.

, Ogcocephalidae Gill 1893

. Halieutaea, Indian Ocean minipizza batfish Status at Madagascar: First record from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir (1961a: 105, fig. 18) as Halieutaea stellata

, Distribution: Widespread in Indian Ocean. Marine. Remarks: Halieutaea stellata (Vahl 1797) is restricted to the western Pacific according to Ho and Shao, 2008.

. Madagascar, Distribution: South Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Indonesia, south to Australia, New record from north of Toliara, based on USNM material

, Distribution: South Africa, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, Halieutaea indica Annandale & Jenkins 1910-Indian handfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Ho and Shao, p.1, 2008.

, Distribution: Madagascar; Andaman Sea; South China Sea, Halieutaea nigra Alcock 1891-Black seabat Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material

, MNHN 20141265

, MNHN 2014-1287

, Distribution: Madagascar; Indonesia to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia, Starry seabat Status at Madagascar: New record from off western Madagascar, based on MNHN material, 1912.

. Ho, Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to Madagascar; questionably New Zealand, South African triangular batfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Ho, vol.294, 2013.

, MNHN 1986, p.22

, MNHN 1986, p.57

, MNHN, issue.3, 1966.

. Malthopsis, . Ho, and . Shao, Giant triangular batfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from eastern Madagascar in original description by Ho and Shao, p.15, 2010.

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to French Polynesia, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Rise

. Malthopsis and . Tanaka, Kobayashi's batfish Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Madagascar; western Pacific, 1916.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Distribution: South Africa, Comoros and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Zealand Region, Mitre triangular batfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off Toliara and off Mitsio Islands by Ho (2013: 299)

N. Regan, , 1926.

, Neoceratias spinifer Pappenheim 1914-Spiny seadevil Status at Madagascar: First record from off northeastern Madagascar by Pietsch (2009: 222). Distribution: In tropical and warm temperate waters of the Atlantic and the Indo-West Pacific

, Diceratiidae Regan & Trewavas, 1932.

. Bufoceratias-shaoi-pietsch, &. Ho, and . Chen, Shao's anglerfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off western Madagascar in original description by, p.100, 2004.

G. Boulenger, , 1904.

, Gigantactis vanhoeffeni Brauer 1902-Vanhoeffen's whipnose Status at Madagascar: First record from off northeastern Madagascar by Bertelsen et al. (1981: 68). Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas

, Rhynchactis macrothrix Bertelsen & Pietsch 1998-Longrod whipnose Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off western Madagascar in original description of Rhynchactis macrothrix by Bertelsen and Pietsch (1998: 597); previously reported from off Madagascar by Bertelsen et al. (1981: 71) as Rhynchactis leptonema

, Distribution: North Atlantic and southwestern Indian Ocean. Marine. Madagascar material: IOAN uncat

M. Jarocki, , 1822.

, Remarks: Liza hornelli Fowler 1923 was described from Antananarivo (fish market?) by Fowler, pp.37-38, 1923.

, the species cannot be identified from the original description, and the holotype is missing in ANSP

, Agonostomus catalai Pellegrin 1932-Catala's mullet; mulet comorien (French); tsindrano (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mananano River in original description by Pellegrin, pp.426-427, 1932.

A. Telfairi, Catalai; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1933: 184, fig. 99 III) as A. telfairi var. catalai, from Mananano by Pellegrin (1935: 72), from Madagascar by Arnoult, pp.46-47, 1959.

, from Mananano by Blanc and Hureau (1972: 678), and from Madagascar by Thomson, pp.464-465, 1997.

, Distribution: Comoros and Madagascar. Freshwater, transitional water and marine

, AMNH 97112 (1 + 1 C&S)

, AMNH, vol.97112, issue.1

, MNHN 1935-0023

. Fricke, 492, fig. 5) as A. telfairi, from Madagascar by Thomson in Daget et al. (1986: 344), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139), from eastern Madagascar by Rham (1996: 427), from Madagascar by Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Agonostomus telfairii Bennett 1832-Fairy mullet; mulet enchanteur (French); tsindrano (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Pellegrin, p.29, 1908.

, MNHN 1966-0885

, ) as Mugil carinatus. Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Seychelles and Madagascar east to India, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836)-Keeled mullet Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Pellegrin, pp.177-178, 1933.

, Chelon melinopterus (Valenciennes [ex Quoy & Gaimard] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836)-Otomebora mullet; mulet otomebora (French); jompo, antafa, torovoka (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 96) as Liza melinoptera

, Distribution: East and South Africa and Madagascar east to western Pacific. Freshwater, transitional water and marine

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall, Marquesas and Gambier islands, possibly east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Freshwater, transitional water and marine, Fringelip mullet; mulet boxeur (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahajanga by Jatzow and Lenz, p.233673, 1933.

, Ellochelon vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)-Squaretail mullet; mulet mopiro (French); jompo, antafa, torovoka (Malagasy), jebojebo

, 4) as M. waigiensis, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 97) as Liza vaigiensis, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 359) as L. vaigiensis, from Madagascar by Fricke et al. (2009: 29), and from southwestern Madagascar by, Status at Madagascar: First record from Marovoay by Jatzow and Lenz (1898: 516) as Mugil vaigiensis; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1933.

, New Caledonia, Society Islands and Rapa. Freshwater, transitional water and marine

. Moolgarda, Bluetail mullet; mulet à queue bleue (French); jompo, antafa, torovoka (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 73, pl. 3A) as Valamugil buchanani; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 97) as Valamugil buchanani, and from Madagascar by Fricke, ) as V. buchanani. Distribution: East Africa, p.361, 1853.

, MNHN 19981553

, Longarm mullet; mulet lungue aile (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Antsiranana and Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as Mugil cunnesius; subsequently reported from Sambirano River by Pellegrin (1932b: 226) as Mugil cunnesius, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1933: 172-173) as Mugil cunnesius, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 361) as Valamugil cunnesius, and from Madagascar by, Moolgarda cunnesius (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836, p.29, 2009.

, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to New Guinea and Vanuatu, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia. Freshwater, transitional water and marine

, MNHN 1992-1023

. Moolgarda, Longfinned mullet; antendro (Malagasy, Tongobory) Status at Madagascar: First record from Tongobory by Pellegrin (1907: 202) as Mugil kelaarti; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 56) as M. Kelaarti, from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 136), and from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234), as Mugil strongylocephalus. Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Mariana slands, north to southern Japan, south to Solomon Islands, Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836

, AMNH, vol.232456, issue.1

, MNHN 1966, p.800

. Moolgarda, Günther 1861)-Robust mullet; mulet robuste (French); jebojebo (Malagasy), zompona (Malagasy

, Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Günther (1861: 432-433) as Mugil robustus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 79) as Mugil robustus, from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 41A, fig. 6; 1891a: 400-401) as M. robustus, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 56) as M. robustus, from Folohy, eastern Madagascar by Regan (1920: 421) as M. robustus, from Ambila Lemaitso by Pellegrin (1932c: 293) as M. robustus, from Madagascar by Pellegrin, p.95, 1933.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar V. robustus, and from Madagascar by, p.30, 2009.

, Distribution: Southeastern Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes. Freshwater, transitional water and marine. Madagascar material: BMNH 1972.11, vol.27

, AMNH, vol.88137, issue.1

, USNM 301500

. Moolgarda, ) as M. caeruleomaculatus and as M. seheli, from south of Toliara by Angot (1950c: 181) as Mugil seheli, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 73, fig. 54) as Valamugil seheli, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 98) as Valamugil seheli, from Madagascar by Fricke, from Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 202) as M. caeruleomaculatus, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 56) as M. caeruleomaculatus, from Nosy Be by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as M. seheli, from Madagascar by Pellegrin, p.30, 1933.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and Norfolk Island. Freshwater, transitional water and marine

, MNHN 1992-1025

, MNHN 1998-1542

, Mugil cephalus Linnaeus 1758-Flathead mullet; mulet cabot (French); zompona, jompo, torovoka, matavikely (Malagasy), tofoka

, Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Faly by Bleeker (1871: 100-101) as M. cephalotus; subsequently reported by Bleeker (1874: 45-46) as M. cephalotus, from eastern and northwestern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 42, fig. 3, pl. 49A, figs 2-3; 1891a: 395, 402) as M. borbonicus and M. cephalotus, from southeastern Madagascar by Connorton (1892: 461) as Mugil borbonicus, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 56) as M. cephalotus, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as M. oeur, from eastern Madagascar by Boulenger, p.30, 1916.

, Distribution: Nearly circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas and adjacent estuaries. Freshwater, transitional water and marine

, MNHN 1998, p.1540

, MNHN 19981545

, MNHN 1998, p.1549

. Osteomugil, Diamond mullet; mulet diamant (French); antafa, antomboho (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1933: 172) as Mugil engeli; subsequently reported from Faraony River, Manakara Province by Pellegrin (1935: 72) as M. engeli, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 98) as Valamugil engeli. Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Mariana Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago and Marquesas Islands, Society Islands, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 1892.

, Hawaiian Islands. Freshwater, transitional water and marine

, MNHN 1992, p.996

, ) as Mugil oligolepis; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234) as Liza oligolepis. Distribution: South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Sri Lanka east to Fiji, north to Philippines, Cantor 1849)-Broad-mouthed mullet Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Pellegrin, pp.181-182, 1933.

, French); jompo, antafa, torovoka (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 71) as Pteromugil diadema; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 96) as Liza alata, from Madagascar by Thomson (1997: 515) as L. alata, and from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 358) as L. alata. Distribution: East and South Africa to Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes); eastern Indonesia and New Guinea east to Tonga and Marquesas Islands, south to northern Western Australia and Gulf of Carpentaria, 1892.

, Largescale mullet; mulet à grandes écailles (French); jompo, torovoka (Malagasy), mokijy (Malagasy, Antimena), antendro (Malagasy, Fiherenana), zompona, antafa, lombantrona

, ) as L. macrolepis, from Maroantsetra by Arnoult and Bauchot (1963: 222) as L. macrolepis, from Kinkony Lake by Thérézien (1964: 40) as Mugil macrolepis, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234) as Liza macrolepis, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 96) as L. macrolepis, from Madagascar by Thomson in, as Mugil smithii; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 104) as Mugil Smithii, from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 41A, fig. 4; 1891a: 399-400) as M. smithii, from Onilahy River by Pellegrin (1907: 202) as M. smithi, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 56) as M. smithi, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as M. Smithi, from Madagascar by Boulenger, p.258, 1868.

, AMNH, vol.88155, issue.97

, MNHN 1998-1548

, MNHN 1998, p.1551

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Plicomugil labiosus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1836)-Hornlip mullet; mulet labéon (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Harrison and Senou (1999: 2100) as Oedalechilus labiosus

J. *bedotiidae, Hubbs, 1919.

, 4). Distribution: Endemic to southeastern Madagascar, *Bedotia albomarginata Sparks & Rush 2005-Whitemargined rainbowfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fianarantosoa Province, southeastern highlands in original description by Sparks and Rush, p.40, 2005.

, UMMZ 244515

, UMMZ 244516

, UMMZ 244517 (6 paratypes)

*. Bedotia, ;. Jones, and . Jones, Distribution: Endemic to Antainambalana and Vohimaro river drainages, northeastern Madagascar, Smith & Sparks 2010-Makira rainbowfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from northeastern Madagascar in original description by, vol.52, p.40, 2004.

, AMNH 240829

, AMNH 240830

, FMNH 118296

, FMNH 118295

*. Bedotia, Pellegrin 1907-Red-tailed silverside; vily, zony (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mananhary in original description by Pellegrin, pp.205-206, 1907.

, Mahambo and Fort-Dauphin by Arnoult and Bauchot (1963: 222), from eastern Madagascar by Smith (1965a: 631, pl. 102, fig. 4, 6), from Madagascar by Kiener and Richard-Vindard (1972: 492), from Madagascar by Catala (1975: 63, figs. 10-11), from Madagascar by Maugé in Daget et al. (1986: 277), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139), from eastern Madagascar by Rham, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 55), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1914a: 112), from Madagascar by Pellegrin, vol.1933, pp.8-11, 1914.

, syntypes

, AMNH, vol.11701, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.12163, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.28128, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.88014

, AMNH, vol.88073, issue.9

, AMNH 229532

, AMNH, issue.11, p.229533

, AMNH 231356 (26)

, UMMZ 217630 (1); UMMZ 218508, C&S, issue.1

, UMMZ 223575

, USNM 199271

, USNM, vol.340967, issue.6

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

*. Bedotia-leucopteron-loiselle and &. Rodriguez, Distribution: Endemic to Iaroka-Rianila system, Whitefin rainbowfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from eastern Madagascar in original description by Loiselle and Rodriguez, pp.6-9, 2007.

, AMNH, vol.28133, issue.4, p.229580

, AMNH, vol.229583, issue.3

, AMNH, issue.5, p.229595

, *Bedotia longianalis Pellegrin 1914-Longfin rainbowfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mahambo in original description by Pellegrin, pp.178-179, 1914.

, subsequently reported from Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 223) as B. longianalis, from Madagascar by

. Pellegrin, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar, from eastern Madagascar by Rham (1996: 427), from Madagascar by Mailliet and Saunders, vol.102, p.50, 1933.

, AMNH, vol.28134, issue.1

, AMNH, issue.1, p.228059

, AMNH 229537

, AMNH, vol.229590, issue.1

, AMNH, issue.1, p.229591

, 14, fig. 2); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 55; 1914c: 180; 1933: 164, fig. 89), from Madagascar by Boulenger (1916: 77), from Rasaobe Lake by Regan (1920: 421), from Madagascar by Arnoult (1959b: 50), from Maroantsetra and Ambodivoangy, northeastern Madagascar by Arnoult and Bauchot (1963: 222), from eastern Madagascar by Smith, *Bedotia madagascariensis Regan 1903-Madagascar rainbowfish; vily, zony (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Regan, pp.2-8, 1903.

, AMNH, vol.97061, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.97070, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.215501, issue.3

, AMNH 229578, vol.37

, AMNH, issue.8, p.229592

, AMNH, vol.229594, issue.3

, AMNH, vol.27, p.231327

, AMNH 231373

, AMNH, vol.231418, issue.5, p.233682

, AMNH 233683, vol.24

*. Bedotia, &. Stiassny, and . Harrison, Distribution: Endemic to northeastern Madagascar, Marojejy rainbowfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Manantenina River, in original description by Stiassny and Harrison, p.50, 2000.

, 2-3); subsequently reported by, *Bedotia masoala Sparks 2001-Masoala rainbowfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Masoala Peninsula (Saikanosin' Masoala), northeastern Madagascar by Sparks, p.50, 2001.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Distribution: Endemic to Masoala Peninsula (Saikanosin' Masoala), northeastern Madagascar

, AMNH 229523

, AMNH 229528

, UMMZ 236578 (24 paratypes)

, UMMZ 236583

, UMMZ 236584 (4 paratypes)

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar, *Bedotia tricolor Pellegrin 1932-Manakara rainbowfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fanaony River, Manakara Province in original description by Pellegrin, p.50, 1932.

, MNHN 1966, p.919

, Alaotra katrana; zono, katrana, antsiriva (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Alaotra Lake in original description by Pellegrin, pp.46-47, 1914.

, 24), from eastern Madagascar by Stiassny and Reinthal (1992: 2), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139), from easterncentral Madagascar by Rham, Atherina alaotrensis; subsequently reported from Alaotra Lake by Pellegrin (1914d: 223) as A. alaotrensis, from lakes of eastern Madagascar by Regan (1920: 421) as Atherina alaotrensis, from Alaotra Lake by Pellegrin (1932c: 293), from Madagascar by Pellegrin, vol.102, p.427, 1933.

, AMNH, vol.28135, issue.9

, AMNH, vol.88001

, AMNH 88171 (118 + 10 C&S)

, MNHN 1934, p.275

*. Rheocles, &. Stiassny, and . Rodriguez, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Sparks and Smith (2004a: 723). Distribution: Endemic to northwestern Madagascar, pp.99-102, 2001.

, AMNH 230360

, AMNH 230361

, MNHG 2537, vol.54

, UMMZ 235210 (31 paratypes)

. Stiassny, 28-30), from northeastern Madagascar by Stiassny and Reinthal (1992: 2), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139), and from eastern Madagascar by Rham (1996: 427). Distribution: Endemic to northeastern Madagascar, 1990.

*. Rheocles-sikorae, ), from eastern Madagascar by Arnoult (1959b: 53), from eastern Madagascar by Arnoult and Bauchot (1963: 222), from central Madagascar by Smith (1965a: 631, pl. 102, fig. 1), from Madagascar by Maugé in Daget et al. (1986: 278), from eastern Madagascar by Stiassny (1990: 18-20, fig. 19), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139), from eastern-central Madagascar by Stiassny and Reinthal (1992: 2), from eastern Madagascar by Rham, Sikora katrana; zona (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from rivers of eastern Madagascar in original description as Eleotris Sikorae by Sauvage (1887: pl. 44C, fig, p.427, 1891.

*. Rheocles, . Stiassny, &. Rodriguez, and . Loiselle, 1-4); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Sparks and Smith (2004a: 723). Distribution: Endemic to northeastern Madagascar, pp.72-76, 2002.

, AMNH, p.231366

, AMNH 231367

, MHNG 2619, vol.56

, MNHN 2001-1239

, MRAC

, MRSN P-1011

*. Rheocles and . Stiassny, Wright's katrana Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Sandrangato River in original descrption by Stiassny, p.101, 1990.

. Fricke, Distribution: Endemic to eastern-central Madagascar, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa, p.427, 1994.

, AMNH, vol.58908

, Atherinidae Risso 1827

A. Sp, ATHER Atherinom 1) as A. duodecimalis (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835). Distribution: Aldabra to Madagascar. Transitional water, marine, Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar by Ivantsoff, 1984.

, MNHN 1966-0910

, USNM 335928 (17), USNM, vol.335934, issue.183

, Remarks: This is probably an undescribed species (Kimura et al. 2001: 175); Atherinomorus duodecimalis (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1835) is restricted to the eastern Indian Ocean and western Pacific

, ] 1801)-Hardyhead silverside; athérine têtue (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.30, 1999.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia) and Rapa. Transitional water, issue.6

, USNM, vol.335943, issue.1

, USNM, vol.335969, issue.1

, USNM 335971 (30)

, 1861: 399) as Atherina pinguis; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 79) as Atherina pinguis, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 223) as Atherina pinguis, from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 37) as Hepsetia pinguis, from Antseraka by Angot (1950c: 181) as Atherina pinguis, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 70) as Hepsetia pinguis, from Madagascar by Smith (1965: 61) as Pranesus pinguis pinguis, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234) as Hepsetia pingius, and from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as H. pinguis, Pinguis silverside; ambasisy (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther, vol.307697

, Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar, Atherion africanum Smith 1965-African atherion Status at Madagascar: New record from Nosy Be, based on AMNH and USNM material

, USNM, vol.307707, issue.1

. Hypoatherina-barnesi-schultz-in-schultz, . Herald, . Lachner, and &. Welander, Woods 1953-Slender silverside Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 113); subsequently reported and from Madagascar by Sasaki and Kimura, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2014.

C. Islands, . South-to-western, . Australia, (. Queensland, N. Australia) et al., Hypoatherina temminckii (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1803)-Samoan silverside Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 70) as Atherina afra; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234) as A. afra, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as A. afra, and from Ramada Islands and Ambariode, pp.228-230, 2014.

, SAIAB 52752, vol.336042

, *Teramulus kieneri Smith 1965-Kiener's silverside Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Tamatave (Toamasina) in original description by Smith, p.279, 1965.

R. Madagascar-by-stiassny, from Madagascar by Rham (1996: 427) as Terramulus kieneri, and from Madagascar by Elouard, p.256, 1994.

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Freshwater, transitional water, marine

, AMNH, vol.88033, issue.16

, AMNH, vol.88103, issue.6

*. Teramulus, Waterlot's silverside Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Antsiranana Province in original description by Pellegrin, p.227, 1932.

, 8, fig. 1) as Atherina duodecimalis (non Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1835), from Madagascar by Smith (1965a: 630, pl. 100E), from Madagascar by Ivantsoff in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 382) as A. duodecimalis (non Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1835), from Madagascar by Maugé in, fig. 88) as Atherina (Hepsetia) duodecimalis var. waterloti, from Tamatave (Toamasina) by Arnoult, p.256, 1933.

, AMNH, vol.233724, issue.2

, Exocoetidae Risso 1827

, Cheilopogon abei Parin 1996-Abe's flyingfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northwestern Madagascar in original description by Parin, p.305, 1996.

, Spotfin flyingfish Status at Madagascar: First record from northeastern and southwestern Madagascar by Parin and Belyanina, vol.570, p.103, 1815.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Fricke et al. (2009: 30). Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas

, ); valalataitsy, valalandriaka (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 49, fig. 4; 1891a: 487) as Exocoetus solandri. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas. Marine. Cypselurus naresii (Günther 1889)-Pharao flyingfish, p.30, 2009.

, Exocoetus monocirrhus Richardson 1846-Two-wing flyingfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 122); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, ), and from northern, northeastern and southwestern Madagascar by Shakhovskoy, pp.701-676, 2009.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Panama, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia; Revillagigedo Archipelago (Mexico)

, Exocoetus volitans Linnaeus 1758-Tropical two-wing flyingfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as Exocoetus evolens; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 101) as E. evolans, and from Toliara and western Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.52, 1957.

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas

, Sailfin flyingfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Cap d'Ambre (Tanjona Bobaomby) by Fourmanoir, p.51, 1957.

, subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219), from Madagascar by Fricke, 1999.

P. From-madagascar-by-fricke, , p.31, 2009.

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical seas, except eastern Pacific

, Euleptorhamphus viridis Kaup 1858-Ribbon halfbeak Status at Madagascar: First record from Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir, p.86, 1961.

, and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands and California (U.S.A.) to Peru, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia and New Zealand 104 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1964.

. Region and . Marine, Madagascar material: USNM 200585

, Hemiramphus archipelagicus Collette & Parin 1978-Jumping halfbeak; demi-bec saltou (French)

. Malagasy, Status at Madagascar: New record of this taxon from Madagascar; also reported from Soalara Reef by Argot (1950c: 181) as Hemiramphus marginatus

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Cook Islands, north to Philippines

, Hemiramphus convexus Weber & Beaufort 1922-Convex halfbeak Status at Madagascar: First record from off western, northwestern and eastern Madagascar by, vol.47, 1980.

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Caroline Islands and New Ireland. Marine. Madagascar material: USNM, p.216280

, USNM 216283 (1); USNM 216390 (25)

, antseraka-vonina (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 223); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin, Hemiramphus far (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Black-barred halfbeak; demi-bec bagnard (French); antseradava, tserapano, tsera-pohe (Malagasy), antseraka (Malagasy, Nosy Be), p.31, 1933.

M. Sea, Red Sea immigrant). Transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, p.243162

, Günther 1866)-Tropical halfbeak; demi-bec tropical (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from off northern, western and southwestern Madagascar by, Hyporhamphus affinis, p.59, 1980.

, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Philippines, south to northwestern Australia and New Caledonia

, USNM 211366

, USNM 218681

, Bleeker 1858)-Balinese garfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern and western Madagascar by, Hyporhamphus balinensis, p.59, 1980.

H. , Reporhamphus) balinensis

, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Philippines, south to northwestern Australia and New Caledonia

, USNM 218618, p.218622

. Fricke, Dussumier's halfbeak; demi-bec de Dussumier (French); antseraka-vonina, tserapano, tsera-pohe (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 223) as Hemiramphus Reynaldi; also reported from Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 202) as Hemiramphus unifasciatus (non Ranzani 1841), from western and northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, fig. 39) as Hemiramphus quoyi (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as Hyporhamphus dussumieri and Hemiramphus quoyi (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847), pp.48-49, 1947.

C. , Distribution: Mozambique Channel, Madagascar, Seychelles and Maldives to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427), and from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.42, 1974.

, USNM, vol.307480, issue.2

, Oxyporhamphus micropterus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847)-Bigwing halfbeak; demi-bec à aile longue (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern and eastern Madagascar by, vol.47, 1980.

, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian Islands and Baja California (Mexico) to Peru, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, Kermadec Islands and Tonga, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 120) as O. micropterus micropterus

Z. Fowler, , 1934.

, 62) as Hemirhamphus dispar; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as Hemiramphus dispar, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 100), from Antsirabe by Pellegrin (1932b: 225), from Madagascar by Pellegrin, Zenarchopterus dispar (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1847)-Feathered river-garfish; hémiramphe dissemblable (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, p.258, 1847.

, AMNH, vol.88169, issue.1

S. Zenarchopterus-gilli, Viviparous halfbeak Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Collette, p.97, 1945.

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Caroline Islands and Fiji, north to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Freshwater, transitional water, marine

, Belonidae Bonaparte 1835

, Ablennes hians (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1846)-Flat needlefish; orphie plate (French)

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, 219); subsequently reported from western Madagascar by Parin (1967: 43), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 42), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 116), and from Madagascar by, Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.31, 1967.

, USNM 202876

. Strongylura, Banded needlefish; aiguillette ruban (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 43); subsequently reported from Toliara by Laroche and Ramananarivo (1995: 196) as S. leuira [sic], from Madagascar by Fricke, ) as S. incisa (non Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, p.190, 1846.

, Comoros and to western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Easter Island and Sala-y-Gomez Ridge, north to central Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Kimberleys (Western Australia), Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia, Kermadec Islands and Rapa. Transitional water, marine

, USNM, vol.307760, issue.1

, Hound needlefish, crocodile needlefish; orphie crocodile (French); antsera manitso, tseradava, tserodriva (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219); also reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 223) as Belone choram (non Rüppell 1837), from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 37) as Strongylura choram (non Rüppell 1837), from Antseraka by Angot (1950c: 181) as Belone choram (non Rüppell 1837), and from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, Tylosurus crocodilus (Péron & LeSueur in LeSueur 1821, pp.54-59, 1957.

T. Crocodilus, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas except eastern Pacific. Transitinal water, marine, ) as T. crocodilus crocodilus, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 105), from Andavadoaka Region by, p.32, 1984.

, USNM 202632

, USNM 202633

, USNM 202634

, USNM 202635, p.202636

, USNM 202875

. Tylosurus, Aguijon needlefish; aiguille voyeuse (French); antsera manitso, antseradriva (Malagasy), tseradava (Malagasy, Soalara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950c: 181) as Belone melanotus; subsequently reported by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 43) as T. acus melanotus. Distribution: Red Sea and East Africa east to Revillagigedo, Clipperton and Cocos islands, 1850.

. Marine and . Madagascar,

, Aplocheilidae Bleeker 1859

, Remarks: Several earlier records from Madagascar cannot be identified within the genus Pachypanchax; they include the following: Haplochilus playfairi (non Günther 1866) of Pellegrin, pp.74-75, 1908.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar playfairii (non Günther 1866) of Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139) and Elouard (2001: 258). The species Pachypanchax playfairii (Günther 1866) is endemic to the Seychelles

, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Neumann (2015: 4). Distribution: Endemic to western Madagascar, *Pachypanchax arnoulti Loiselle 2006-Arnoult's panchax Status at Madagascar: Recorded from western Madagascar in original description by Loiselle, pp.17-18, 2006.

*. Pachypanchax, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as Poecilia omalonota, from Nosy Be by Günther (1866: 314) as Haplochilus homalonotus, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 101) as Haplochilus nuchimaculatus and H. homalonotus, from Nosy Be by Sauvage (1887, pl. 47, fig. 2; 1891a: 485-486) as H. homalonotus, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 54) as Haplochilus homalonotus and H. nuchimaculatus, from Nosy Be by Boulenger, ) as H. homalonotus and H. nuchimaculatus, from Madagascar by Myers (1933: 1) as Pachypanchax omalonotus, from Ankarana, Antikotazo (Ambilobe District), Mahilaka and Ankirihitra by Pellegrin (1932b: 225) as Haplochilus homalonotus, from various localities by Pellegrin (1932c: 292) as Haplochilus homalonotus, from Madagascar by Pellegrin, pp.7-14, 1861.

, Distribution: Endemic to northwestern Madagascar. Freshwater. Madagascar material: AMNH, issue.7, p.215525

, AMNH 231244 (16); AMNH 232413 (30)

, AMNH, issue.21, p.232417

, AMNH, issue.5, p.232475

, MNHN 0000-2937 (holotype of Poecilia nuchimaculata Guichenot

, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Neumann (2015: 3). Distribution: Endemic to northwestern Madagascar, *Pachypanchax patriciae Loiselle 2006-Patricia's panchax Status at Madagascar: Recorded from northwestern Madagascar in original description by Loiselle, pp.11-13, 2006.

, AMNH, issue.25, p.232451

, AMNH 235860

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

*. Pachypanchax, ) as Panchax sakaramyi; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Myers (1933: 1), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1933: 76) as Haplochilus playfairi var. sakaramyi, from northern Madagascar by Arnoult (1959b: 39, pl. 5, fig. 2), from Madagascar by, from Madagascar by Rham (1996: 427), from Madagascar by Elouard (2001: 256), and from Madagascar by Neumann (2015: 5); revised by Loiselle, pp.6-7, 1928.

, syntypes, issue.3, pp.13473-13489

, AMNH, issue.8, p.211465

, AMNH, vol.34, p.215524

, USNM, vol.438386, issue.4

, *Pachypanchax sparksorum Loiselle 2006-Sparks's panchax Status at Madagascar: Recorded from western Madagascar in original description by Loiselle, pp.15-16, 2006.

*. Pachypanchax-varatraza-loiselle, Distribution: Endemic to northeastern Madagascar, Varatraza panchax Status at Madagascar: Recorded from northeastern Madagascar in original description by Loiselle, pp.20-25, 2006.

, AMNH 211333

, Poeciliidae Bonaparte 1831

G. Gambusia-holbrooki, Eastern mosquitofish; pirina (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar (introduced since 1929) by Pellegrin, pp.198-199, 1933.

. Arnoult, pl. 6, fig. 1) and Arnoult and Bauchot (1963: 224) as Gambusia affinis holbrooki, and from Madagascar by Elouard, p.259, 1959.

, Originally from Atlantic and Gulf coast draginages of eastern U.S.A., introduced worldwide. Freshwater and transitional water

, AMNH, vol.97042, issue.53

, AMNH, vol.97060, issue.6

, USNM 199267, p.79

*. Pantanodon, 222) as Oryzias madagascariensis, from Madagascar by Rosen, from Madagascar by Kiener and Richard-Vindard (1972: 492) as Pantaudon madagascariensis, from northeastern Madagascar by Wildekamp and Scheel in Daget et al. (1986: 169), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa, p.256, 1963.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar material: MNHN 1963-0165 (holotype), MNHN B-2992 (1 paratype, pp.1963-0166

, Poecilia reticulata Peters 1859-Guppy; guppy, poisson million (French) Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar (introduced since 1949) by Arnoult, pp.41-42, 1959.

, ) as questionable. Distribution: Introduced in Madagascar, as Lebistes reticulatus, and by Elouard, p.259, 2001.

. Xiphophorus, Green swordtail; porte-épée (French) Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar (introduced since 1952) by Arnoult (1959b: 42, pl. 6, fig. 3) and Arnoult and Bauchot (1963: 224) as X. helleri, and by Elouard (2001: 259) as X. helleri. Distribution: Introduced in Madagascar, Originally from central America, introduced worldwide. Freshwater. Material: AMNH, issue.3, p.229577, 1848.

, Distribution: Introduced in Madagascar, Southern platyfish Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar (introduced) by Elouard, p.231266, 2001.

, AMNH, vol.22, p.231355

, Distribution: Tropical Indo-Pacific between 25°N and 25°S, southeast to 110°W. Marine. Melamphaes indicus Ebeling 1962-Indian bigscale Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northern Madagascar in original description by Ebeling (1962: 88, 123); subsequently reported from off northern Madagascar by Kotlyar, Melamphaes danae Ebeling 1962-Dana bigscale Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northeastern and northwestern Madagascar in original description by Ebeling, vol.483, p.28, 1962.

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar, *Melamphaes shcherbachevi Kotlyar 2015-Shcherbachev's bigscale Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off Toliara in original description by Kotlyar, p.648, 2015.

, Distribution: South Africa to Madagascar, Crowned bigscale Status at Madagascar: First record from off Toliara by Kotlyar, vol.485, p.442, 1934.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Poromitra indooceanica Kotlyar 2008-Indian Ocean bigscale Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off western Madagascar in original description by Kotlyar, vol.556, p.584, 2008.

G. Parr, , 1933.

, Broadmouth gibberfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northern and western Madagascar by Sylva and Eschmeyer (1977: 219); subsequently reported from off western Madagascar by Kotlyar (1996: 255). Distribution: Tropical Indo-West Pacific, Gibberichthys latifrons, 1969.

Z. P. , , p.41634

, Cetomimidae Goode & Bean, p.1895

, Cetostoma regani Zugmayer 1914-Regan's whalefish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from northern and southwestern Madagascar in original description of Parataeniophorus gulosus by, p.26, 1956.

, Anoplogaster cornuta (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833)-Common fangtooth; ogre (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from off northern and southwestern Madagascar by Kotlyar, p.532, 1986.

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical, temperate and subarctic seas, southern Madagascar by Kotlyar, p.236, 1996.

, Diretmidae Gill 1893

, Longwing spinyfin; dirette aile longue (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Kotlyar (1993: 180); subsequently recorded from off northwestern Madagascar by Kotlyar, Diretmoides pauciradiatus (Woods in Woods & Sonoda, p.222, 1973.

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, except for eastern Pacific

, Monocentridae Gill 1859

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to Korea, southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to South Australia, Monocentris japonica (Houttuyn 1782)-Pineconefish, pineapplefish; poisson ananas (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.32, 1999.

, Trachichthyidae Bleeker, p.1856

, Remarks: Hoplostethus trunovi Kotlyar 1986 occurs extralimital on the Madagascar Ridge, 1986.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Gephyroberyx darwinii (Johnson 1866)-Darwin's slimehead; hoplostète de Darwin (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from off western Madagascar by Kotlyar (1996: 119). Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, except for eastern Pacific

, Smallscale roughy; hoplostète scutelle (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: South and East Africa east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, 1913.

, MNHN 2014-1295

, MNHN 2014-1530

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar, *Hoplostethus rifti Kotlyar 1986-Madagascar roughy Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off northwestern Madagascar in original description by Kotlyar, p.180, 1986.

, Distribution: Mozambique to Madagascar, Hoplostethus tenebricus Kotlyar 1980-Mozambique roughy Status at Madagascar: First record from off western Madagascar by Kotlyar, vol.1996, p.180, 1993.

, Berycidae Lowe 1839

, Beryx splendens Fowler 1934-Slender alfonsino; béryx long (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, pp.125-126, 1999.

C. Druzhinini, Druzhinin's alfonsino Status at Madagascar: First record from southwestern and southern Madagascar by Kotlyar, p.180, 1981.

, Distribution: Madagascar to Saya de Malha Bank (Seychelles) and Mauritius (Mascarenes); Philippines and South China Sea north to Japan and Ogasawara islands, subsequently reported by Fricke (1999: 126) as Centroberyx lineatus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)

, Holocentridae Bonaparte 1833

, Distribution: Red Sea, Myripristis adusta Bleeker 1853-Shadowfin soldier; marignan ombré (French); ampify, fantsika (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 220) as M. adustus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1984.

, Austral Islands. Marine. Madagascar, issue.1

J. Myripristis, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Costa Rica, north to Ryukyu Islands, Ogasawara Islands and Midway Atoll, south to Western Australia at 22°S, Lord Howe Island, Evermann 1903-Blotcheye soldierfish, bigscale soldierfish; marignan à oeillères (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, vol.66563, p.307475, 1999.

, Myripristis botche Cuvier 1829-Blacktip soldierfish; marignan poklé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 13); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, ) as M. melanostictus, from Toliara by Laroche and Ramananarivo (1995: 196) as M. melanostictus, and from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, p.105, 1984.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa and Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia, Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.1, p.245643

. Myripristis, Distribution: South and East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Samoa and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 128), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 105), and from Madagascar by, p.6150, 1802.

, FMNH, vol.17997, issue.1, p.207766

, Distribution: Madagascar, Comoros, Seychelles and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Myripristis kuntee Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831-Shoulderbar soldierfish, epaulette soldierfish, pearly soldierfish; marignan ardoisé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.33, 1967.

, AMNH, vol.243120, issue.1

A. I. , , p.245615

, AMNH, vol.250668, issue.1

, USNM 207770

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Myripristis murdjan (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Pinecone soldierfish, blotcheye soldier

, marignan pomme de pin (French), bemaso (Malagasy, Soalara), moromboho (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record reported from Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 204); subsequently from Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 224), from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950c: 182), from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.33, 1957.

, USNM, vol.307564, issue.1

, Myripristis pralinia Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829 (Fig. 8)-Scarlet soldierfish; marignan rouge (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 220) as M. pralinius; subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 105), and from Nosy Be by, 2012.

, USNM 207777, vol.387464

, Myripristis seychellensis Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829-Seychelles soldierfish; poisson soldat rouge (French, Mauritius) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.49, 1996.

, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.33, 1999.

. Marine and . Madagascar,

, AMNH, vol.251483, issue.1

, MNHN 1992, p.861

, Myripristis violacea Bleeker 1851-Lattice soldierfish; marignan violacé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 220) as M. microphthalmus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Greenfield (1974: 13) as M. violaceus, p.105, 1984.

, Marquesas and Tuamotu islands, issue.2

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Myripristis vittata Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831-Immaculate soldier, white-tipped soldierfish

F. Madagascar-by-fricke, Distribution: Madagascar, Comoros, Aldabra and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northern Great Barrier Reef (Australia). Marine. Neoniphon opercularis (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831)-Blackfin squirrelfish; marignan aile noire (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 59) as Holocentrus opercularis; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as Holocentrus opercularis, Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 131); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 105), p.45, 1984.

, Neoniphon sammara (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Bloodspot squirrelfish; marignan tacheté (French); vonehohy (Malagasy, Nosy Be), ampify, fantsika (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1891a: 31-33) as Holocentrum sammara

, Figure 8. Holocentridae, Myripristis pralinia Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829

. Fricke, 219) as Holocentrus sammara, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as Holocentrus sammara, from Madagascar by Bauchot & Bianchi (1984: 44) as Flammeo sammara, from Madagascar by Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 182) as Holocentrum sammara, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.34, 1957.

P. Lima, Shy soldier, cardinal soldierfish; ambatsy, fiamena (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: First record from Betsimisaraka and Sakalava areas by Sauvage (1887: pl. 3, fig. 1; 1891a: 25-27) as Holotrachys lima; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as Holotrachys lima, and from Madagascar by Fricke, Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831, pp.134-135, 1999.

. Sargocentron, 224) as Holocentrum caudimaculatum; subsequently reported from Toliara by Randall (1998: 16), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 135), from northwestern Madagascar by, Silverspot squirrelfish, tailspot squirrelfish; marignan rouge et argent (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Antsiranana by Pellegrin, p.34, 1914.

, UMMZ 214568 (1)

, Sargocentron diadema (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1802)-Crown squirrelfish

, 1874: 86) as H. diadema, from Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as H. diadema, from Lovokampy by Angot (1950c: 182) as H. diadema, from Nosy Be and Toliara by Fourmanoir (1957: 58) as Holocentrus diadema, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as Holocentrus diadema, bemaso, vanda (Malagasy, Lovokampy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther (1859: 42) as Holocentrum diadema; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1985.

H. Islands and P. Group, north to Ryukyu Islands and Ogasawara islands, south to Western Australia, Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs

, MNHN 1963, p.155

G. Sargocentron-macrosquamis, and eastern Mascarenes east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago, Dwarf soldierfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, pp.137-138, 1984.

, Blackblotch squirrelfish; écureuil à points noirs (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by Gillibrand et al. (2007: 186); previously reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 56) as Holocentrus cornutus (non Bleeker 1854), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as Holocentrus cornutus (non Bleeker 1854), and from northwestern Madagascar by, p.106, 2005.

, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Wake Atoll, Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Western Australia

, Distribution: Seychelles, Madagascar, Chagos Archipelago and Maldives east to Hawaiian, Line and Gambier islands, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Western Australia, Smallmouth squirrelfish Status at Madagascar: First record from southwestern Madagascar by Jaonalison et, vol.250672, p.250672, 2016.

, AMNH, vol.250675, issue.1

, AMNH 251466

, Praslin soldierfish; marignan rouget (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Chesterfield Island by Randall and Heemstra (1985: 24); subsequently reported from Chesterfield Island by Randall (1998: 60), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.138, 1999.

, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia

, CAS, vol.66560, issue.1

, FMNH, vol.79501, issue.7

, USNM, vol.307565, issue.3

, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Speckled squirrelfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Fourmanoir (1957: 57) as Holocentrus lacteoguttatus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as Holocentrus lacteoguttatus, Sargocentron punctatissimum

. Randall, and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Easter Island, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.35, 1998.

, MNHN 1992, p.856

, MNHN 1992, p.1000

, USNM, vol.307517, issue.1

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Sargocentron rubrum (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Redcoat; holocentre rouge (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as Holocentrus rubrum; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 45). Distribution: Red Sea and East Africa east to Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales

. Marine and . Madagascar,

, 19); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Randall and Heemstra in Smith and Heemstra, Yellow-tipped squirrelfish; écureuil des Seychelles (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Randall and Heemstra, vol.66592, p.35, 1963.

, FMNH, vol.86782, issue.1

, Sargocentron spiniferum (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Sabre squirrelfish, long-jawed squirrelfish; marignan sabre (French); ampify, fantsika (Malagasy), ambatsy (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 86) as Holocentrum spiniferum

H. Leo, 42 bis) as Holocentrus spiniferus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as Holocentrus spiniferus, from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950c: 182) as H. spiniferum, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.35, 1957.

, FMNH, vol.86730, issue.1

, MNHN 1988, p.1490

, UMMZ 185543, p.321287

, Distribution: Madagascar, Seychelles and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Blue-lined squirrelfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Randall, p.35, 1998.

, USNM 171038

, Violet squirrelfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 219) as Holocentrus violaceus; subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 106), and from Nosy Be by Hubert et 118 FISHTAXA, Sargocentron violaceum (Bleeker 1853) (Fig. 9, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Oreosomatidae Bleeker, p.1859

, Distribution: North Atlantic and circumglobal in Southern Hemisphere, Warty dory Status at Madagascar: New record from off Cap Saint Vincent (Tanjona Ankaboa), and from north of Toliara, based on CAS and USNM material, vol.66564, 1906.

, MNHN 1979-0421

, USNM, vol.307599, issue.3

, USNM, vol.320678, issue.1

R. , Distribution: Madagascar to Saya de Malha Bank, Sharpsnout oreo Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by Yearsley and Last, p.563, 1908.

P. Mcallister, , 1968.

C. Rosea, Lowe 1843)-Rosy dory; Saint Pierre rouge (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from off southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Widespread in Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific

, Parazen pacificus Kamohara 1935-Parazen Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern and western Madagascar by Kotlyar, vol.696, p.735, 2001.

, Distribution: Western Atlantic; South Africa to Madagascar; southern Japan south to northern Australia

, MNHN 2014, p.1700

, MNHN 2014Figure 9. Holocentridae, Sargocentron violaceum (Bleeker 1853)

Z. Myers, , 1960.

, Distribution: Atlantic, western Indian Ocean, and northern Pacific, Dwarf dory Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, 1964.

, Grammicolepididae Poey 1873

, Distribution: Widespread in Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific, Grammicolepis brachiusculus Poey 1873-Thorny tinselfish Status at Madagascar: New record from western Madagascar, based on MNHN material

G. Xenolepidichthys-dalgleishi, Spotted tinselfish Status at Madagascar: New record from southwestern and southeastern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Widespread in Atlantic and Indo-West Pacific, 1922.

, MNHN 1988-0336

, MNHN 1998, p.857

, Zeidae Rafinesque 1815

, Silvery John dory; Saint Pierre argenté (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from off southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas

, Status at Madagascar: New record from off southeastern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas, except for eastern Pacific

, Pegasidae Bonaparte 1831

. , Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marshall and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, from Madagascar by Palsson and Pietsch, p.36, 1989.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar material: BMNH 1883.5.24.85 (1 paratype of of Syngnathus lumbricoides Maugé 1981), MNHN 1979-0677 (holotype of Syngnathus lumbricoides Maugé, 1981.

, MNHN 1979-0678 (2 paratypes of Syngnathus lumbricoides Maugé, 1981.

, Distribution: South and East Africa and Madagascar east to Maldives, Doryrhamphus bicarinatus Dawson 1981-Narrowstripe pipefish Status at Madagascar: New record from northeastern Madagascar, based on AMNH material, p.248117

, 220), as D. melanopleura (non Bleeker 1858), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as D. melanopleura (non Bleeker 1858), and from Andavadoaka Region by Gillibrand et al. (2007: 190) as D. excisus excisus. Distribution: East Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Mexico, north to Ryukyu, Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to Western Australia and southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland). Marine. Halicampus dunckeri (Chabanaud 1929)-Duncker's pipefish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as Micrognathus dunckeri, Doryrhamphus excisus Kaup 1856-Bluestripe pipefish Status at Madagascar: Reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1961a: 104), and from Toliara by Maugé, 1967.

, and western Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Taiwan and Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia) and Chesterfield Islands, 1906.

, 201) as Syngnathus cyanospilus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 221) as Syngnathus cyanospilus, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as Syngnathus cyanospilos, from northwestern and southwestern Madagascar by Dawson (1978: 154), from Madagascar by Dawson (1985: 99), from Madagascar by Dawson in, Hippichthys cyanospilos (Bleeker 1854)-Blue-spotted pipefish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Pellegrin, p.284, 1907.

R. Madagascar-by-stiassny, 258) as Hyppichthys cyanospilus, and from Nosy Be by, from Madagascar by Elouard, p.139, 1994.

, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Palau and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia). Freshwater, transitional water, marine

, USNM 217482

. Hippichthys, Bellybarred pipefish Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Toli by Bleeker (1874: 75) as Syngnathus gastrotaenia; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, fig. 13) as S. spicifer, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 221) as S. spicifer, from northwestern and southwestern Madagascar by Dawson, p.150, 1957.

D. Madagascar, from Madagascar by Dawson in Daget et al. (1986: 283), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139), and from Madagascar by Elouard, p.258, 1985.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Comoros and Madagascar east to Caroline and Mariana Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia. Transitional water, marine

, USNM 217485

, USNM 217486

, USNM 217487

, Hippocampus borboniensis Duméril 1870-Reunion seahorse; soavalindriake, dragon (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 50, fig. 2; 1891a: 504)

, 518) as H. kuda (non Bleeker 1852), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 220) as H. kuda (non Bleeker 1852), from Madagascar by Dawson in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 453) as H. kuda (non Bleeker 1852), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 142) as H. kuda (non Bleeker 1852), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 106) as H. kuda (non Bleeker 1852), and from Madagascar by, subsequently reported from Ankify by Fourmanoir (1957: 20, fig. 14) as H. kuda (non Bleeker 1852), from Madagascar by Smith, p.37, 1963.

, Remarks: Treated as valid as H. borboriensis by Kuiter, p.114, 2009.

, Hippocampus camelopardalis Bianconi 1854 (Fig. 13)-Giraffe seahorse Status at Madagascar: Reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 220). Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to

, Shortnose pipefish Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Dawson (1982: 678); also reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 243) as M. brevirostris (non Rüppell 1838), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as M. brevirostris (non Rüppell 1838), from Madagascar by Dawson (1985: 122), and from Madagascar by Dawson in Smith and Heemstra, p.454, 1858.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Mariana and Society Islands, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia

, USNM 214141

, Freshwater pipefish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Duncker, p.58, 1915.

, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Dawson (1984: 139), from Madagascar by Dawson, p.130, 1985.

M. Belonichthys)-fluviatilis and . From-madagascar-by-dawson-in-daget, Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar. Freshwater, transitional water, from Madagascar by Kuiter (2009: 273), and from Madagascar by Elouard, p.258, 1986.

, GCRL 17312, p.216257

, Microphis millepunctatus, Shorttail pipefish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Kaup, p.125, 1856.

. Fricke, from Madagascar by Günther (1870) as Doryichthys millepunctatus, from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 148) as D. (Syngnathus) millepunctatus, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 75) as D. millepunctatus and Doryichthys brachyurus (non Bleeker 1854), from Madagascar by Duncker (1915: 46) as Microphis brachyurus (non Bleeker 1854), from Folohy, eastern Madagascar by Regan (1920: 420) as D. millepunctatus, from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 37) as Doryrhamphinarum brachyurum, from Madagascar by Dawson (1979: 471) as Oostethus brachyurus millepunctatus, from Madagascar by Dawson, ) as Microphis (Oostethus) brachyurus millepunctatus, from Madagascar by Dawson (1985: 139) as Microphis (Oostethus) brachyurus millepunctatus, from Madagascar by Dawson in Daget et al. (1986: 286) as Microphis (Oostethus) brachyurus millepunctatus, from Madagascar by Dawson in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 456) as M. brachyurus (non Bleeker 1854), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa, vol.1870, p.37, 1984.

, Freshwater, transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: MNHN 1901-0011 (neotype, as selected by Dawson, p.473, 1979.

, AMNH, vol.88100, issue.4

, AMNH, vol.88168, issue.8

, MNHN 1891, p.671

M. B. , , 2884.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Dactyloptena peterseni Nyström 1887-Starry flying gurnard Status at Madagascar: First record from Lokobe by Fourmanoir (1957: 276, fig. 178) as Diacocus peterseni. Distribution: Red Sea

P. Fowler, , 1938.

, Distribution: Madagascar; Taiwan north to southern Japan and Kyushu-Palau Ridge; Hawaiian Islands; New Caledonia, Matthew-Hunter Ridge and Kermadec Islands to New Zealand and Australia, Plectrogenium nanum Gilbert 1905-Pygmy scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off northwestern Madagascar by Mandrytsa, vol.108, p.16, 1992.

, MNHN 2002, p.133

, ZIN, vol.49327, issue.1

S. Matsubara, , 1943.

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas, Setarches guentheri Johnson 1864-Channelled rockfish; rascasse sillonnée (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from Banc du Leven and Toliara, based on MNHN and USNM material

, MNHN 2004, p.13

, MNHN 2004, p.15

, USNM, vol.307880, issue.1

S. Risso, , 1827.

, 2 D) and Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 23, fig. 14) is based on an unidentifiable juvenile scorpaenid. The species Ebosia falcata Matsunuma & Motomura 2014 was allegedly described from off Madagascar (Matsunuma and Motomura, Remarks: A species reported from Nosy Be as Acanthodes fragilis by Fourmanoir, 1963.

F. Brachypterois-serrulifer, Distribution: Southern Red Sea, Madagascar, Oman and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, p.427, 1938.

, Guichenot 1869)-Spotted croucher; poisson velours (French); tsikorokodoha, hiata (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Toliara in original description by Guichenot, Caracanthus madagascariensis, pp.195-197, 1869.

, as Crossoderma madagascariense; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 87), from Toliara by Sauvage (1887: pl. 35, fig. 8; 1891a: 303-304) as Crossoderma madagascariensis, and from Madagascar by, p.38, 2009.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

C. Unipinna, ) as C. unipinnus; also reported from Toliara by Fourmanoir (1957: 274, fig. 177) as C. zeylonicus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238) as C. unipinnus, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 168), and from Madagascar by, Pygmy coral croucher Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Postel, p.39, 1831.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia

M. Dendrochirus-hemprichi, 33); previously reported from Mitsio Islands by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, ) as D. brachypterus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238) as D. brachypterus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as D. brachypterus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829), and from Madagascar by Harmelin-Vivien and, p.331, 1964.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa to Seychelles and Madagascar

, French); lafo (Malagasy, Sarodrano) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther (1860: 126) as Pterois zebra; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 87) as Pseudomonopterus zebra, from Sarodrano Reef by Pellegrin (1907: 203) as Pterois zebra, from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon (1976: 331), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 155), and from Madagascar by, Dendrochirus zebra (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Zebra lionfish, p.39, 2009.

, Ebosia vespertina Matsunuma & Motomura 2015-Wasp lionfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description by Matsunuma and Motomura, 2015.

, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Mozambique to southern Madagascar. Marine. Madagascar material: SAIAB 189715

J. Iracundus-signifer, Evermann 1903-Decoy scorpionfish; poisson-scorpion à piége (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Vivien (1973: 30) as Sebastapistes cf. asperella. Distribution: South Africa and Madagascar to western Mascarenes; Taiwan north to southern Japan

, Neomerinthe erostris (Alcock 1896)-Alcock's scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.61, 2011.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Distribution: Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to French Polynesia, north to Taiwan, south to New Caledonia

, MNHN 2004, p.51

. Neoscorpaena, Nielsen's scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.62, 1964.

, Blackfoot firefish Status at Madagascar: First record from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir, p.239, 1961.

. Vivien, Distribution: Red Sea, 30) as Parascorpaena picta (non Cuvier 1829), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427), from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon, p.331, 1973.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249482

, CAS, vol.54035, issue.1

, CAS, vol.54036, issue.1, p.207369

, MNHN 1992, p.293

, MNHN 1992, p.575

, MNHN 2010, p.266175

, Parascorpaena maculipinnis Smith 1957-Spotfin scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: Reported from Toliara by Vivien (1973: 30). Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar

R. Islands and . Southern-japan;-northern-australia, Probably more widespread. Marine. Parascorpaena mcadamsi (Fowler 1938)-McAdams's scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, and Society Islands, p.63, 2011.

. Parascorpaena, Mozambique scorpionfish; poisson-scorpion du Mozambique (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Motomura et al. (2011: 63); previously reported from Madagascar by Smith (1957a: 59) as Parascorpaena picta (non Cuvier, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829), from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and, p.331, 1855.

. Kuhl-&-van-hasselt]-in-cuvier, Valenciennes 1829); subsequently reported from southwestern Madagascar by, Marine. Madagascar material: CAS, vol.54013, issue.4, p.11, 2016.

, MNHN 1992, p.299

, MNHN 1992-1018

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

N. , Toothed no-line scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Motomura et al. (2011: 64); subsequently reported from off northwestern Madagascar by, p.156, 1939.

, Distribution: South Africa to Madagascar and Réunion, Pontinus nigerimum Eschmeyer 1983-Blacklash scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.64, 2011.

, 331) as Pteropterus antennata; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 157), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 106), from Andavadoaka Region by, Spotfin lionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien & Bouchon, p.39, 1787.

, Linnaeus 1758); also reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 145) as P. volitans (non Linnaeus 1758); subsequently reported from Toliara by Angot (1950b: 140) as Pterois muricata, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 229) as P. volitans (non Linnaeus 1758), from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 273, fig. 176) as P. volitans (non Linnaeus 1758), from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir (1961a: 100), from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as P. volitans (non Linnaeus 1758), from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon (1976: 331), as P. volitans (non Linnaeus 1758), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.40, 1828.

, MNHN 1966, p.815

, MNHN 1992, p.495

, USNM 171087, pp.2004-2030

, Frillfin lionfish; laffe mombaise (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon (1976: 331); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Matsunuma and Motomura, 1957.

, Distribution: East and South Africa and Madagascar east to western Indonesia

, Distribution: East and South Africa, Comoros and Madagascar east to southern Japan, Marshall, Line and Marquesas islands, south to Western Australia, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829-Radial firefish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.207368, 1967.

B. Pterois, and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Philippines, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Transitional water, marine. Madagascar material, pp.1998-1495

, Weedy scorpionfish; poisson-scorpion des algues (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, from Madagascar by Debelius, p.65, 1999.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Caroline Islands, north to Philippines and Japan

, Scorpaena scrofa Linnaeus 1758-Red scorpionfish; rascasse rouge (French); kabo (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239). Distribution: Mediterranean Sea and northeastern Atlantic: British Isles to Cape Verde Islands including Madeira; southwestern Indian Ocean: South Africa to Madagascar

, Longfingered scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238) as Hypomacrus albaiensis; subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 106) as Scorpaenodes alabaiensis, and from Madagascar by, p.66, 1907.

, 272); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1957a: 66), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239), from Madagascar by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon (1976: 331), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 160), and from Madagascar by, Scorpaenodes guamensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1824)-Guam scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1957.

. Marquesas-islands, . North-to-southern-japan, . South-to-northwestern, and . Australia, New South Wales (Australia), issue.8

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249478

, CAS, vol.207623, issue.1

. Scorpaenodes, Distribution: Red Sea, Hairy scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon, p.331, 1957.

, Scorpaenodes varipinnis Smith 1957-Blotchfin scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239); subsequently reported from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon (1976: 331), and from Madagascar by, Coral scorpionfish, lowfin scorpionfish; poisson-scorpion à épines courtes (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.67, 1967.

, ); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Randall and Eschmeyer (2001: 22), from Andavadoaka Region by, Devil scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.67, 1999.

, USNM 266219

, Humpback scorpionfish; rascasse bossue (French); kabo (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239); subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427), from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon (1976: 331), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 162), from Madagascar by, Tab. S1). Distribution: East Africa to Seychelles, p.135, 2009.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar (Mascarenes), and Chagos Archipelago

;. Scorpaenopsis-longispina-randall-&-eschmeyer and . Hubert, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Dampier Archipelago, Longspine scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by, 2001.

R. Scorpaenopsis, 54); previously reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238) as Dendroscorpaena cirrhosa (non Thunberg 1793), from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon (1976: 331) as D. cirrhosa (non Thunberg 1793). Distribution: Red Sea, Eschmeyer 2001-Poss's scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Chesterfield Island in original description by Randall and Eschmeyer, 2001.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249479

, CAS, vol.54199

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Japan, south to New Caledonia and Australia, p.69, 2011.

. Scorpaenopsis-vittapinna-randall-&-eschmeyer, Bandfin scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: New record from north of Toliara, based on USNM material. Distribution: Red Sea, 2001.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, east to Marquesas and Society islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia, Marine. Madagascar material: USNM, vol.307939, issue.1

, Mauritius scorpionfish; poisson-scorpion de Maurice (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, Sebastapistes mauritiana (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Spineblotch scorpionfish, p.70, 1999.

, MNHN 2010, p.527

, 270) as Kantapus oglinus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239) as S. kowiensis, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as S. oglinus, from Toliara by, Sebastapistes strongia (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Barchin scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Fourmanoir, p.331, 1957.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Mariana, Gilbert, Marquesas and Gambier islands, north to southern Japan, p.70, 1999.

, Distribution: Madagascar; Philippines, Eyebrow scorpionfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Motomura et al. (2011: 70), 1943.

, Taenianotus triacanthus Lacepède 1802-Leaf scorpionfish; poisson balance (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.70, 1999.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Galápagos Archipelago, north to southern Japan, Midway Atoll and Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales and Queensland, issue.4

, Tetrarogidae Smith, 1949.

, Ablabys binotatus (Peters 1855) (Fig. 16)-Redskinfish; poisson-feuille peau-rouge (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238) as Amblyapistus binotatus. Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar

, Distribution: Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines and Fiji, Ablabys taenionotus (Cuvier 1829)-Cockatoo waspfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.41, 1967.

, Apistidae Gill 1859

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and Papua (Indonesia), north to Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia and New South Wales (Australia), Apistus carinatus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)-Ocellated waspfish; rascasse ocellée (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir, p.99, 1961.

, MNHN 2004, p.61

, Synanceiidae Swainson 1839

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 87) as Pelor filamentosum; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1958b: 176), from northwestern Madagascar by, Inimicus filamentosus (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Filament-finned stinger, vol.494, p.39, 1979.

. , and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Indonesia, north to Japan and south to New Caledonia. Marine. Figure 16. Tetrarogidae, Ablabys binotatus (Peters 1855), IH.SM-IRD). Scale bar 1 cm. 138 FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, torotoroko (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Playfair (1868: 10) as Synancea verrucosa; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 87), from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1891a: 302), Synanceia verrucosa Bloch & Schneider 1801-Stonefish; lafohara (Malagasy, Soalara), p.274, 1957.

. Maugé, 238) as Synanceichthys verrucosus, from Madagascar by Fricke, pp.166-167, 1967.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall, Tuamotu and Gambier islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, p.41, 2007.

, Triglidae Rafinesque 1815

, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Cape gurnard; grondin du Cap (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from off southern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Namibia and South Africa to southern Madagascar, Chelidonichthys capensis

. Lepidotrigla-faurei-gilchrist-&-thompson, Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar, Scalybreast gurnard Status at Madagascar: First record from the Banc de l'Étoile and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Fourmanoir, p.11, 1914.

, Lepidotrigla multispinosa Smith 1934-Indian Ocean spiny gurnard Status at Madagascar: First record from southwestern Madagascar by Richards (1992: 56). Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar

, MNHN 1988, p.346

, MNHN 2004, p.83

, ZMMU P, issue.1, p.18834

. , Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines

, Pterygotrigla guezei Fourmanoir 1963-Guézé's gurnard Status at Madagascar: New record from southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Madagascar to western Mascarenes. Marine. Madagascar material, pp.2004-0076

, Pterygotrigla macrorhynchus Kamohara 1936-Longnose gurnard Status at Madagascar: First record from off southwestern Madagascar by Richards and Yato, pp.29-30, 2014.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Distribution: Mozambique and Madagascar east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia)

, USNM, vol.393313, issue.2

P. Jordan and &. Gilbert, , 1883.

, Peristedion weberi Smith 1934-Weber's armoured gurnard Status at Madagascar: First record from northern Madagascar by Kawai (2016: 345). Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to Madagascar

, MNHN 20061320

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Indonesia, north to southern Japan, Satyrichthys laticeps (Schlegel 1852)-Widehead armoured gurnard Status at Madagascar: New record from southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material

, Bembridae Kaup, p.1873

, Distribution: Madagascar; Indonesia east to Sala-y-Gomez Ridge and Chile, north to southern Japan and Hawaiian Islands, south to New Caledonia, Bembradium roseum Gilbert 1905-Rosy bembrid Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN and USNM material

, USNM, vol.366399, issue.1

, Platycephalidae Swainson 1839

K. Cociella-heemstrai, Heemstra's flathead Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be, Ambanoro and off Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description by, pp.27-29, 1996.

, 239) as Platycephalus crocodilus (Cuvier [ex Tilesius] in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1829), from Madagascar by Knapp in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 483) as Cociella sp., from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 170) as C. crocodila (non Cuvier, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé, p.42, 1967.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, and Madagascar east to Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Transitional water, marine. Madagascar material, AMNH, vol.88086, issue.1

, MNHN B-2887

, USNM, vol.303749

C. Punctata, Spotted flathead; tohovato (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Cuvier [ex Commerson] in Cuvier and Valenciennes (1829: 243-244) as Platycephalus punctatus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Pellegrin, ) as P. punctatus, and from southwestern and eastern Madagascar by Knapp, pp.23-27, 1907.

, south to New Caledonia, Marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829

, platycéphale tentaculé (French); ambanilakana, toho, tohompasy (Malagasy, Anakao) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description of Platycephalus grandidieri by

. Sauvage, 1873: 56); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 36, fig. 3; 1891a, pp.308-309

, 180) as Platycephalus tentaculatus, from Madagascar by Smith (1965b: 378) as Platycephalus grandidieri, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239) as Platycephalus grandidieri and P. tentaculatus, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427) as P. tentaculatus, from Madagascar by, as Platycephalus grandidieri, from Madagascar by Smith (1949: 378) as Platycephalus grandidieri, from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.190, 1957.

M. Sea, Red Sea immigrant)

, MNHN 0000-5659 (1 syntype of Platycephalus grandidieri Sauvage

, Anakao) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description of Cottus madagascariensis by Lacepède [ex Commerson] (1801: 231, 248-249, pl. 11, figs. 1-2); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes (1829: 238) as Platycephalus insidiator, from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 145) as P. insidiator; from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 76) as P. insidiator; subsequently reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 229) as P. insidiator, from Anakao by Angot (1950c: 187) as P. insidiator, from Nosy Be and Toliara by Fourmanoir, p.277, 1957.

, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 427), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 46), and from Madagascar by Randall, p.117, 1967.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northwestern Australia and, New South Wales

M. Sea, Red Sea immigrant). Transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: AMNH 88065 SW, C&S, issue.1

, CAS, vol.66586, issue.2

R. Pristiger, Thorny flathead; platycéphale épineux (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Allen and Erdmann (2012: 256). Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to New Guinea, north to southern Japan, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829

, USNM, vol.340472, issue.2, p.340474

, USNM, vol.408670, issue.2

. Fricke, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Tuberculated flathead; platycéphale poignard (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239) as Platycephalus tuberculatus. Distribution: Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Philippines, south to northern Australia. Marine. Sorsogona portuguesa (Smith 1953)-South African thorny flathead Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Knapp and Heemstra (2011: 75). Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to southern Madagascar, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Rogadius tuberculatus

, USNM, vol.303746, issue.1

, Broadhead flathead; poisson-crocodile à tête large (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from southwestern Madagascar by, p.11, 1966.

, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Fringelip flathead Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.171, 1999.

. Fricke, Distribution: East and South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia, p.42, 2009.

, USNM, vol.303748, issue.1

. Thysanophrys, Bleeker 1855)-Celebes flathead Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 239) as Platycephalus pristis. Distribution: East Africa, Madagascar and Persian Gulf east to Solomon Islands, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia, Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.1, p.245628

. Thysanophrys-chiltonae-schultz-in and . Schultz, Distribution: South Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Mariana, Marshall and Marquesas islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Woods & Lachner 1966-Chilton's flathead Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Antsirantsara in original description by Knapp, 2013.

, Ambassidae Klunzinger, vol.1870

, Commerson's glassy; ambasse (French); ambatsy, amboradanda (Malagasy); ambara (Malagasy, Tongobory), samboradanda (Malagasy, Menabe), karara (Malagasy, western Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description of Ambassis productus by Guichenot, ) as A. gymnocephalus (non Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1802), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1866.

A. , 1874: 94) as A. Commersonii and A. productus, from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 41, fig. 6; 1891a: 113-115) as A. commersonii, from Marovoay by Jatzow and Lenz (1898: 499), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 57) as A. Commersoni, from Onilaky River by Boulenger (1915: 112-113) as A. commersonii, from Mahambo and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as A. Commersoni, from Ankarana and Ivoloina by Pellegrin (1932b: 226) as A. Commersoni, from Ambila Lemaitso by Pellegrin (1932c: 293) as A. Commersoni, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1933: 86-88) as A. commersonii, from Tongobory by Pellegrin (1907: 204) as A. commersonii, from Folohy and Ambila Lemaitso by Regan (1920: 420) as A. commersonii, from Tamatave (Toamasina), Brickaville (Vohobinany) and Fénérife (Fenoarivo Atsinanana) by Arnoult and Bauchot (1953: 224) as A. commersonii, from southwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, ) as A. gymnocephalus (non Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1802); subsequently reported from Morondava River by Playfair (1868: 10), by Bleeker, vol.201, p.508, 1957.

, Distribution: East and South Africa east to Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes)

, Freshwater, transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: AMNH 12158

, AMNH, vol.88042, issue.10

, AMNH, vol.88145

, AMNH, vol.228083, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.231245, issue.1

, MNHN 1998, p.1502

, MNHN 1998-1513

, NMW 10879-10880 (2 syntypes of Ambassis klunzingeri Steindachner 1880); NMW 34621-34624 (4 syntypes of Ambassis klunzingeri Steindachner 1880)

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Freshwater, transitional water, *Ambassis fontoynonti Pellegrin 1932-Madagascar perchlet; ambatsy, boetrika (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Faraony, Manakara Province in original description by Pellegrin, vol.203, pp.203-204, 1932.

, AMNH 229516 SW

, MNHN 1963, p.168

, MNHN 1966, p.892

. Ambassis-natalensis-gilchrist-&-thompson, Slender glassy; ambache de Natal (French); fitse, tsoborokodo (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 39) as A. safgha; also reported from Sambirano River by Pellegrin (1932b: 226) as A. Kopsi (non Bleeker 1858), from Nosy Be by Pellegrin (1933: 88-89) as A. kopsi (non Bleeker 1858), from Madagascar by Arnoult (1959b: 56-57) as A. kopsii (non Bleeker 1858), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 227) as A. safgha, p.143, 1908.

. Fricke, Distribution: Red Sea, South and East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to China and Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Freshwater, transitional water, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar from Madagascar by Maugé in Daget et al. (1986: 298), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa, p.42, 1994.

, AMNH 215526

, AMNH, vol.228057, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.228082, issue.1, p.228090

, AMNH, vol.228098, issue.1

, AMNH, issue.18, p.245677

, MNHN 1931-0205

, MNHN 1965, p.357

, MNHN 1998-1505, p.560

, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139), and from Madagascar by Elouard (2001: 258). Distribution: South and East Africa and Madagascar east to Micronesia and Fiji, north to southern Japan. Freshwater, transitional water, Ambassis urotaenia Bleeker 1852-Banded-tail glasy perchlet Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahajanga and Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.301526, 1957.

, Acropomatidae Gill 1893

. Acropoma-heemstrai-okamoto-&-golani, Glowbelly; maconde lumineux (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from northwestern and southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: South Africa to Madagascar, 2017.

, MNHN 1988, p.1501

, MNHN 1988, p.1585

, MNHN 1998, p.849

, MNHN 1998, p.850

, Remarks: This species is closely allied to Acropoma japonicum Günther 1859; it was recently described, but not yet recorded from Madagascar, 2017.

, Silver splitfin; maconde argentée (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from off western Madagascar as Synagrops argyreus by Prokofiev and Schwarzhans (2015: 84); subsequently reported from east of Banc Leven by Schwarzhans and Prokofiev, p.31, 2017.

, Vanuatu and Tonga; Hawaiian Islands. Marine. Madagascar material, pp.44728-44734

, ZMUC P, vol.44272, issue.1

, Distribution: Madagascar and Réunion. Marine. Madagascar material: MNHN 1988-1443 (1 paratype), Parascombrops madagascariensis Schwarzhans & Prokofiev 2017-Madagascar splitfin Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off western and southwestern Madagascar by Schwarzhans and Prokofiev, p.36, 2017.

, Blackmouth splitfin; maconde bouche noire (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 173), and from Madagascar by, subsequently reported from off western Madagascar by Schwarzhans and Prokofiev, p.58, 2009.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian and Gilbert islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia, Marine. Madagascar material: CAS, vol.66549, issue.1

, IOM 1773

. Verilus-cynodon, Distribution: Eastern Cape (South Africa) to Mozambique and southwestern Madagascar, Dogtooth splitfin Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Yamanoue, 1921.

, Serranidae Swainson 1839

, Remarks: A record of Epinephelus guaza (non Linnaeus 1758) from southeastern Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 19) could not be identified to the species level

, Aethaloperca rogaa (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Redmouth grouper; vieille roga (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahajanga by Fourmanoir (1957: 149) as Cephalopholis rogaa; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) as Cephalopholis rogaa

. Vivien-&-bouchon-;-gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes, there now extinct) east to Marshall Islands, Fiji and Samoa, north to southern Japan, from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 17), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 173), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, p.43, 1976.

, 159, fig. 113); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 25), from northwestern Madagascar by, Anyperodon leucogrammicus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)-Slender grouper; mérou élégant (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.12, 1957.

, Distribution: South and East Africa, Comoros and Madagascar east to Johnston Atoll, Hawaiian, Line and Marquesas islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Aporops bilinearis Schultz 1943-Blotched podge Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, 1967.

, Cephalopholis argus Bloch & Schneider 1801-Peacock grouper, peacock rockcod; mérou céleste, vieille cuisinier (French); alovo, fianakanga (Malagasy), p.145

. Fricke, Distribution: Red Sea, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 182) as Serranus argus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 148), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 222) and HarmelinVivien & Bouchon (1976: 330), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.12, 1984.

, USNM, vol.320717, issue.1

, Cephalopholis aurantia (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)-Golden hind; dsiovaka (Malagasy, Maromena), alotra, lovofisaka (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: First record from Betsimisaraka and Sakalava by Sauvage (1887: pl, vol.9, p.60

, Distribution: South Africa, Seychelles and Madagascar east to Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New Caledonia. Marine. Cephalopholis boenak (Bloch 1790)-Chocolate hind, as Epinephelus aurantius; subsequently reported from Maromena by Angot (1950c: 182) as Serranus aurantius, from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 147) as C. aurantius, from Toliara by Maugé, pp.148-149, 1957.

C. , and western Mascarenes east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to Shanghai (China) and Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 37), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.20, 1999.

, AMNH, vol.232486, issue.1, p.243181

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 222); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 177), from Madagascar by, p.34, 2009.

, Cephalopholis miniata (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Coral hind, coral rockcod; vieille étoilée (French); alovo (Malagasy), vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, 204) as Epinephelus miniatus; subsequently reported from Antseraka by Angot (1950c: 182) as Serranus miniatus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 222) as C. miniatus, Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Pellegrin, p.50, 1907.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, , p.107, 1999.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, , p.44, 2007.

. Madagascar-by-cabanban, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to the Line Islands, Fiji and Tonga, north to Japan, south to Western Australia, ), and from Nosy Be by, p.39, 2011.

, Cephalopholis nigripinnis (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)-Darkfin hind; vieille aile noire (French); rambo, lovofisaka, olovo (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: First record from Betsimisaraka and Sakalava areas by Sauvage, 1887.

, ) as C. urodeta (non Forster in Bloch and Schneider 1801), from northwestern Madagascar by, as Epinephelus nigripinnis; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.44, 1984.

C. Polleni, Harlequin hind, harlequin rockcod; vieille arlequin (French); alovo (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 30) as Gracila polleni; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 534) as Gracila polleni, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.44, 1868.

, Distribution: Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands and French Polynesia, north to Guam

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Line, Sixspot hind, sixblotch rockcod; vieille six taches (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.52, 1999.

, Tomato hind, tomato rockcod; vieille ananas (French); alovo (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description of Serranus zananella by Valenciennes [ex Commerson, Cephalopholis sonnerati (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828, vol.1828, p.147

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar and from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 88) as Epinephelus boelang (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223), from Toliara by HarmelinVivien and Bouchon, p.55, 1976.

, Cephalopholis spiloparaea (Valenciennes [ex Commerson] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)-Strawberry hind

, vieille fraise (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.107, 2005.

. Gaspar, Distribution: East Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Wake Island and Pitcairn Group, north to Taiwan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Quensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa. Marine. Chelidoperca pleurospilus (Günther 1880)-Red perchlet Status at Madagascar: New record from off northwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Madagascar; Philippines to southern Japan, p.56, 2011.

. Epinephelus and . Boulenger, Distribution: South Africa to Mozambique and Madagascar. Transitional water, marine. Epinephelus areolatus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Areolate grouper; foty-hohy (Malagasy, Ambatohetanala) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Bleeker (1874: 88) as Epinephelus celebicus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Sauvage (1891a: 71-72) as E. angularis, from Ambatohetanala by Angot (1950c: 182) as Serranus areolatus, from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 154, fig. 109; 156, fig. 111) as E. areolatus and E. fario (non Thunberg 1793, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 112), and from Madagascar by Fennessy in Craig et al. (2011: 84), p.91, 1903.

, Niebuhr 1775), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) as E. areolatus and E. fario (non Thunberg 1793), from Toliara by Vivien, p.86, 1974.

, MNHN 1992-0483

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, 223); subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 183), from Madagascar by, Epinephelus chlorostigma (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)-Brownspotted rockcod; mérou pintade (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.231390, 1967.

, French); alovo, tsehele (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahajanga by Jatzow and Lenz (1898: 498) as Serranus hoevenii; subsequently reported from Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as E. caeruleopunctatus, from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 39) as E. caeruleopunctatus, from Soalara Reef by Angot 1950a: 459 as Serranus labriformis (non Jenyns 1840), from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 155, pl. 9B) as E. caeruleopunctatus, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 48) as E. caeruleopunctatus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) as E. caeruleopunctatus, from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 121) as E. caeruleopunctatus, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.107, 1999.

E. and A. , ) as E. caeruleopunctatus, p.186, 2007.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, 2011: 110), and from Nosy Be by, Tab. S1). Distribution: South and East Africa, issue.1, p.44, 2009.

, MNHN 1992, p.479

, MNHN 1998, p.1535

, MNHN 1998, p.1644

. Epinephelus, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Fiji, north to southern Japan and Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), p.12, 1822.

M. Sea, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to Korea, southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northwestern Australia. Marine. Epinephelus flavocaeruleus (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1802)-Blue-and-yellow grouper; mérou faraud (French); malily (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1891a: 62-63) as E. flavo-caeruleus var. melanometopon; subsequently reported from Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 204), from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, Transitional water, marine. Epinephelus epistictus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843)-Dotted grouper; mérou pâle (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall, p.149, 1957.

. Fricke, Distribution: Persian Gulf, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.142, 1964.

, MNHN 1992, p.477

, MNHN 2010, p.455

, Epinephelus fuscoguttatus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Brownmarbled grouper, blotchy rockcod; mérou marbré (French); fiantsilaka (Malagasy, Betsimisaraka) Status at Madagascar: First record from Betsimisaraka

, 330), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 49), from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 157), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 188), from northwestern Madagascar by, ) as E. lutra; subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 153), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) and Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon, pp.1998-1648, 1976.

, Epinephelus hexagonatus (Bloch & Schneider [ex Forster] 1801)-Star-spotted grouper; mérou mélifère (French); taratake (Malagasy, Antseraka) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther (1859: 141) as Serranus hexagonatus

, subsequently reported from Antsiranana and Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 224), from Antseraka by Angot (1950c: 182) as Serranus hexagonatus var. hexagonata, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) and HarmelinVivien and Bouchon (1976: 330), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.186, 1999.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Distribution: East Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marquesas and Pitcairn islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to southern Great Barrier Reef (Queensland, Australia) and Rapa, 153), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.41, 2009.

, MNHN 1998-1539

, MNHN 1998-1643

, 13 B); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) as Promicrops lanceolatus, from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 175), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 190), from Andavadoaka Region by, Giant grouper; mérou lancéolé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Ambovatobe (fish market?), Ampapamena and Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1964.

N. Zealand and . Tonga, Transitional water, marine. Madagascar material, pp.1998-1639

, 49); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 178), from Madagascar by Fricke, Longspine grouper, streaky rockcod; mérou à longues épines (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.174, 1984.

, French); lovohara (Malagasy, Soalara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther (1859: 151) as Serranus cylindricus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 8, fig. 1; 1891a: 75-76) as E. cylindricus, from Nosy Be by Bleeker (1874: 88) as Epinephelus cylindricus, from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950c: 182) as Serranus cylindricus, from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 154), from Toliara by Maugé, p.223, 1967.

, and Mascarenes east to Marshall and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall, p.177, 1976.

. Gillibrand, 185); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, Epinephelus malabaricus (Bloch & Schneider 1801)-Malabar grouper; mérou malabare (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall, p.12, 1993.

M. Sea, Red Sea immigrant). Transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, p.249506

, MNHN 1966, p.779

, MNHN 19660963

. Epinephelus-melanostigma-schultz-in and . Schultz, , 1953.

. Dossard, Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 193), from northwestern Madagascar by, p.107, 2005.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Distribution: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Cook Islands, Tab. S1), p.151, 2009.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01907117

, Epinephelus merra Bloch 1793-Honeycomb grouper, dwarf spotted grouper

, sohozi (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 39) as E. merra; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 153), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223), from Toliara by Vivien, p.41, 1974.

, MNHN 1998, vol.307285, p.1511

, fig.); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Epinephelus miliaris (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Honeyfin grouper; vieille abeille (French); lovo (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar in original description of E. fuscus by Fourmanoir, p.194, 1961.

, Epinephelus morrhua (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Comet grouper

, ); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1961a: 92), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223), from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 197), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 195), from Madagascar by, Malagasy, Betsimisaraka) Status at Madagascar: First record from Betsimisaraka, eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 7, fig. 1; 1891a, pp.65-66, 2009.

, Whiteblotched grouper; vieille plate grise (French); alovo (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) as E. leprosus and E. spiniger (non Günther 1859); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 48), from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 529), from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 199), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.452, 1876.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, , p.201, 2009.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Distribution: East Africa

, Northern Territory (Australia) south to Shark Bay (Western Australia)

, Epinephelus oceanicus (Lacepède 1802)-Indian Ocean blacktip grouper

. Adalavoantay-(malagasy-;-fricke, 182) as Serranus marginalis (non Bloch 1793), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) as E. fasciatus (non Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as E. fasciatus (non Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775), from Toliara by Harmelin-Vivien and Bouchon (1976: 330) as E. fasciatus (non Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775), from Madagascar by, also reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as E. fasciatus (non Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775) and E. diacanthus (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828), from Nosy Be by Angot, p.137, 1950.

, Seychelles and Madagascar to Mascarenes. Marine. Madagascar material: BMNH 1986.6, vol.19

, MNHN 19981536

. Epinephelus, Bloch 1790)-Specklefin grouper; loche à taches claires (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 209); subsequently reported from Andavadoaka Region by, p.203, 2007.

, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Transitional water, marine. Epinephelus poecilonotus (Temminck & Schlegel 1843)-Dot-dash grouper; mérou morse (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, 1984.

, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 197), from Madagascar by, p.207, 2009.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Fiji, north to central Japan and Ogasawara Islands. Transitional water, marine. Epinephelus polyphekadion (Bleeker 1849)-Camouflage grouper; loche crasseuse (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.215, 1993.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Wake Atoll and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia), Lord Howe Island, 210), 2011.

. Fricke, 16 C); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 49), from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 530), from Madagascar by Randall (1987: 158), from southern Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 218), and from Madagascar by, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Epinephelus posteli Fourmanoir & Crosnier, p.215, 1964.

, Epinephelus retouti Bleeker 1868-Red-tipped grouper; mérou à bout rouge (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 89), subsequently reported by Sauvage (1891a: 69-70), from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 531), from northwestern Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 225), from Madagascar by Fricke, Distribution: South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall, p.222, 1999.

, Epinephelus rivulatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Halfmoon grouper; mangerelavenoky (Malagasy), sasavy (Malagasy, Betsimisaraka) Status at Madagascar: First record from Betsimisaraka, eastern Madagascar by Sauvage

, subsequently reported from Antseraka and Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 182) as Serranus rivulaus, from Nosy Iranja by Fourmanoir (1957: 151) as E. grammatophorus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) as E. grammatophorus, from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 226), from Madagascar by Debelius, p.226, 1999.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.251516

. Epinephelus-spilotoceps-schultz-in-schultz, . Herald, . Lachner, and &. Welander, Woods 1953-Foursaddle grouper, foursaddle rockcod; mérou à quatre selles (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 532), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 199), from Andavadoaka Region by, Distribution: East Africa, p.231, 2007.

, Epinephelus tauvina (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Greasy grouper, greasy rockcod; mérou loutre (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes (1828: 333) as Serranus pantherinus; previously reported without stated locality in original description of 154 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Holocentrus pantherinus by Lacepède [ex Commerson] (1802: 345, 389) and as "Holocentre pantherin

. Lacepède, Distribution: Red Sea, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 145) as Serranus pantherinus; from Nosy Be by Bleeker (1874: 88) as Epinephelus pantherinus, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.245, 1957.

, AMNH 88185 SD, issue.1

, MNHN 1966, p.779

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by Gillibrand et al. (2007: 186); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, and western Mascarenes east to New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and Queensland (Australia). Marine. Material: AMNH, p.251606, 2011.

, 224); subsequently reported from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950a: 459) as Grammistes orientalis, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 145, fig. 106), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Fricke, Sixstripe soapfish, skunkfish; savon rayes d'or (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin, p.47, 1792.

, USNM, vol.307502, issue.1

, USNM, vol.307504, issue.1

, 18) as Epinephelus compressus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Eightbar grouper; mérou huit raies (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Iranja by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, p.283, 1926.

, African basslet Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, p.155, 1954.

. Fricke, Meteor perch Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223) as Chorististium susumi, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Liopropoma susumi, p.48, 1906.

. Marine and . Madagascar,

, MNHN 1992-0505

, 797); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1949: 200; 1965b: 200) as Holanthias natalensis, from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 513) as H. natalensis, from Madagascar by Fricke, Gorgeous swallowtail Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Smith, p.48, 1925.

, Nemanthias carberryi Smith 1954 (Fig. 17)-Threadfin anthias Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by Gillibrand et al. (2007: 186); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by, Tab. S1). Distribution: South and East Africa to Seychelles, 2012.

, Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)-Checked swallowtail; angiky (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from eastern Madagascar by Savage (1887: pl. 17, fig. 2; 1891a, Odontanthias borbonius, pp.134-136

. Anthias, Odontanthias) borbonius; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1955a: 344) as Holanthias borbonius, from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 513) as H. borbonius, from Madagascar by Fricke, ) as H. borbonius, from Madagascar by, p.48, 1999.

, Figure 17. Serranidae, Nemanthias carberryi Smith, 1954.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Distribution: South Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Guam and New Guinea, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands

R. Plectranthias-bauchotae, ); subsequently reported from the Banc de l'Étoile by Heemstra and Randall (2009: 6). Distribution: Saya de Malha Bank to Madagascar, pp.118-121, 1980.

, Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles, Comoros and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, Longfin perchlet Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall, p.12, 1913.

*. Plectranthias and . Randall, Maugé's perchlet Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Toliara in original description by Randall, vol.18, pp.152-155, 1980.

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar, p.12, 2009.

, BPBM 21157

, Plectropomus laevis (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Blacksaddle coral grouper

, ) as P. maculatus (non Bloch 1790), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 50, pl. 1) as P. maculatus (non Bloch 1790), from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 291), from Madagascar by Fricke, fiantsilaka, tsaramasy (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from western Madagascar by Randall and Hoese (1986: 11); also reported from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.334, 1957.

, Roving coral grouper; mérou loche vagabonde (French) Status at Madagascar: New record of this taxon from Madagascar, 1904.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Fiji and Tonga

, Marbled coral grouper; mérou pointillé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1961a: 92) as P. marmoratus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 222) as P. marmoratus, from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall (1993: 298), from Madagascar by Debelius, p.157, 1986.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar (2005: 108), from Andavadoaka Region by, p.348, 2007.

, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Chagos Archipelago, Marine. Madagascar material: ANSP, vol.157984, issue.1

, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa), Madagascar, Seychelles and western Mascarenes east to Line, Pogonoperca punctata (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Spotted soapfish; savon barbu (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Debelius, p.48, 1999.

, Two-spot anthias Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, p.108, 1955.

, Mascarenes) east to Indonesia; New Caledonia; probably more widespread, Marine. Madagascar material: SAIAB, vol.54712, issue.5, p.130, 2012.

. Pseudanthias, Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Line Islands, Tonga and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Red-bar anthias; anthias émeraude à queue rouge (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Heemstra and Akhilesh (2012: 138), 1902.

, SAIAB, vol.7772, issue.1

. Pseudanthias, Yellowback anthias Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 108). Distribution: East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Cocos-Keeling and Christmas islands, north to Andaman Sea and western Sumatra, 1954.

, Pseudanthias pulcherrimus Heemstra & Randall 1986-Resplendent goldie; anthias splendide (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.108, 2005.

, Distribution: South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Maldives, Chagos Archipelago and Andaman Islands, p.155, 2012.

, Pseudanthias squamipinnis (Peters 1855)-Sea goldie; anthias commun (French); amparamaha (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 17, fig. 1; 1891a, pp.133-134

. Anthias, Pseudanthias) squamipinnis; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1955a: 339) as Anthias squamipinnis, from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir (1957: 137) as A. squamipinnis, from Toliara 158 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

;. By-maugé and . Gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, ) as A. squamipinnis, from Madagascar by Fricke, vol.158, p.156, 1967.

. Pseudogramma, 222); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 214) as P. polyacanthum, from northwestern Madagascar by, Bleeker 1856)-Honeycomb podge Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.49, 1967.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, northern Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia

, Serranus knysnaensis Gilchrist 1904-South African comber Status at Madagascar: New record of this taxon from Madagascar; also reported from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir (1961a: 92) as S. cabrilla

. Gillibrand, Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Marine. Variola louti (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Coronation grouper, Variola albimarginata Baissac 1953-White-edged lyretail Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Heemstra and Randall in Smith and Heemstra, p.352, 1986.

, Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as Epinephelus (Variola) louti

, Distribution: Red Sea, subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 182) as Serranus flavimarginatus, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.356, 1957.

F. Ostracoberyx, 3B) as O. tricornis. Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia, Spiny seabass Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Guézé, p.56, 1934.

, USNM, vol.307276, issue.5

, Pseudochromidae Müller & Troschel, p.1849

, Distribution: East Africa to Comoros and northern Madagascar, Anisochromis kenyae Smith 1954-Annie Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Gill and Fricke, 2001.

G. Chlidichthys, ); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar as C. abruptus (non Lubbock 1977) by McKenna and Allen (2005: 108). Distribution: Aldabra to Comoros and northern Madagascar, Chainmail dottyback Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be and Nosy Ambariotelo in original description by Gill and Edwards, pp.15-17, 2004.

, USNM, vol.307940, issue.1

, Distribution: East Africa to Madagascar, subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 238), from Chesterfield Island and Toliara by Winterbottom (1980: 401), from Madagascar by Maugé and Bardach, pp.19-21, 1957.

, ROM, vol.46135, issue.1, p.308027

, USNM, vol.389817, issue.2

W. Halimuraena-lepopareia, 3); previously reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1963a: 85) as Halimuraena hexagonata (non Smith 1952); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Winterbottom (1986: 21). Distribution: Mozambique, Comoros and Madagascar to Mauritius (western Mascarenes), Scalecheek snakelet Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Maugé and Bardach, p.285203, 1980.

, USNM 285204 (1), vol.USNM, p.285342

, ); subsequently reported from southwestern Madagascar by Winterbottom (1986: 23). Distribution: Endemic to southwestern Madagascar, *Halimuraenoides isostigma Maugé & Bardach 1985-Madagascar eel blenny Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Toliara in original description by Maugé and Bardach, pp.382-384, 1985.

, AMNH 249103

, MNHN 1985-0241

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Distribution: Red Sea, Haliophis guttatus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Spotted snakelet Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1891a: 475); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.49, 1957.

, Marine. Madagascar material: MNHN, vol.5677, issue.2

, ROM, vol.46136, issue.1

, SAIAB, vol.5427, issue.10

, USNM 285199

, USNM 389812 (12), USNM, vol.389818, issue.1

, USNM, vol.389819, issue.1

. Gillibrand, Distribution: South and East Africa, Madagascar and Seychelles to Pakistan. Marine. Pseudochromis kristinae Gill 2004 (Fig. 18)-Lipstick dottyback Status at Madagascar: Recorded from northern and northwestern Madagascar in original description by Gill (2004: 127); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by, Pseudochromis dutoiti Smith 1955-Dutoiti Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by, p.190, 2007.

M. B. , , vol.2692

, USNM 212281 (6 paratypes)

, 50); previously reported from Andilana by Fourmanoir (1961a: 93) as Pseudochromis natalensis (non Regan 1916), from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1963a: pl. 2 A) as P. natalensis (non Regan 1916), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 222) as P. natalensis (non Regan 1916), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as P. natalensis (non Regan 1916), and from Madagascar by Smith in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 540) as P. natalensis (non Regan 1916); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by, Madagascar dottyback Status at Madagascar: Recorded from northern and northwestern Madagascar in original description by Gill, pp.136-137, 2004.

, AMNH, issue.3, p.248959

, 541); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers (1994: 32), from northwestern and southwestern Madagascar by Gill, Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Smith in Smith and Heemstra, p.248960, 1986.

A. I. , CAS, vol.66588, issue.5, pp.28113-062

, MNHN 1965-0225

, USNM 212277

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, Solomon Islands and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223); subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.51, 1999.

, ) as Apogon taeniatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers (1994: 36) as Apogon taeniatus, and from Madagascar by Randall (1995: 160) as Apogon taeniatus. Distribution: Red Sea, Gulf of Oman and East Africa to Madagascar. Marine. Apogonichthyoides timorensis (Bleeker 1854)-Timor cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be in original description of Apogon striatus by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 5); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé, Apogonichthyoides nigripinnis (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828)-Bullseye Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 223); subsequently reported from Ambaro by Fourmanoir (1961a: 87) as A. uninotatus (non Smith & Radclife in Radcliffe 1912), from southwestern Madagascar by Jaonalison et, p.50, 1957.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Solomon Islands; north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia. Marine. Madagascar material: AMS I, pp.281136-281143

A. I. , MNHN 1973-0041 (3 syntypes of Apogon striatus Fourmanoir & Crosnier, pp.28113-28141, 1964.

, USNM 212456

. Apogonichthys, Distribution: East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Marquesas Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Rapa, Ocellate cardinalfish; gorongoro (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.11, 1913.

. Apogon, Jaydia) novaeguineae; previously reported from northwestern Madagascar by Smith, p.392, 1961.

, from Toliara by Maugé, p.224, 1967.

, USNM 213360

N. Fusca, 87) as Apogon bandanensis; subsequently reported and from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 5, fig. 3) as A. nubilus and in original description of A. ocellatus [junior homonym of Apogon ocellatus Weber 1913], from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224) as Ostorhynchus nubilus, from Nosy Be by Fraser, Quoy & Gaimard 1825)-Ghost cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Andilana by Fourmanoir, p.16, 1961.

, Comoros and Madagascar east to Gilbert Islands (Kiribati) and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to southern Queensland (Australia) and Tonga

, MNHN 1973-0040 (2 syntypes of Apogon ocellatus Fourmanoir & Crosnier, 1964.

, USNM 212886

, USNM 212888

, Samoan cardinalfish; cardinal fantome (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 138); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224) as Ostorhynchus savayensis, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as Ostorhynchus savayensis, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 230) as Apogon savayensis

. Fraser-;-from-madagascar-by-fricke, 2009: 52), and from Antsiranana Bay by Pegg et al. (2012: 122) as Apogon savayensis. Distribution: East Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Korea, south to northern Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa, p.32, 2008.

, AMNH, vol.243204, issue.3

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249068

, AMNH 249089, pp.1966-0871

, UMMZ 185908 (1), USNM 268263, vol.213236

, 224) as Ostorhynchus angustatus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as Ostorhynchus angustatus, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 224) as Apogon angustatus, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 109) as A. angustatus, from Madagascar by, Ostorhinchus angustatus (Günther 1872)-Broad-striped cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.249107, 1967.

, USNM, vol.395283, issue.7

, 224) as Ostorhynchus apogonides; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 224) as Apogon apogonoides, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 109) as A. apogonides, from Madagascar by, Ostorhinchus apogonoides (Bleeker 1856)-Shirt-tooth cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.52, 1967.

. Fricke, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines and Marquesas Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and Loyalty Islands

, ) as A. aureus, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 109) as A. aureus, from Andavadoaka Region by Gillibrand et al. (2007: 186) as A. aureus, from Madagascar by, Ostorhinchus aureus (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1802)-Band-tail cardinalfish; apogon à queue bandée (French); tsaramatjeroke (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage, p.52, 1891.

. Ostorhinchus-cookii-;-gillibrand, 186) as Apogon cookii; previously reported from Toliara and Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 85) as A. novemfasciatus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224) as Ostorhynchus endekataenia (non Bleeker 1852), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as O. endekataenia (non Bleeker 1852); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Macleay 1881)-Cook's cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by, p.52, 2007.

. Toliara-by-frédérich, , vol.2017, 2017.

, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia

, AMNH 243066

, USNM 212544

, USNM 212545, vol.42

, USNM 212546

. Ostorhinchus, 224) as Ostorhynchus cyanosoma; subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as Ostorhynchus cyanosoma, from Madagascar by Fricke, Bleeker 1853)-Yellowstriped cardinalfish; apogon à rayures jaunes (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.3, 1967.

, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Wake Atoll and Marshall Islands, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, p.249106

, AMNH, issue.1, p.250659

, USNM 212504 (1); USNM 212509 (1); USNM 212510 (1), vol.USNM, p.21251

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Ostorhinchus fasciatus (Shaw 1790)-Broad-banded cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1914a: 112); subsequently reported from Toliara by Angot (1950a: 459), as Apogon fasciatus, from western Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.52, 1957.

, SMF 26676

, USNM 213311, p.357453

, USNM, vol.357455

, USNM, vol.357458, issue.5, p.357458

S. Ostorhinchus, Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar, Coachwhip cardinal Status at Madagascar: New record from Andavadoaka, based on MNHN material, 1961.

, 83, fig. 59) as Apogon fleurieu; subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1973: 30) as Ostorhynchus fleurieu, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as O. fleurieu, from Nosy Be by, ) as A. fleurieu, and from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 109) as A. fleurieu. Distribution: Red Sea, p.56, 1957.

, USNM 212408

. Ostorhinchus, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Blackstripe cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: New record from Chesterfield Island and Toliara, based on USNM material, vol.17, 1953.

, USNM 212770, p.212771

. Ostorhinchus, subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 109) as Apogon taeniophorus, and from Madagascar by, p.53, 1908.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Kiribati (Line Islands) and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), issue.1

, AMNH, vol.250655, issue.1

, USNM 212650 (1); USNM 212652 (6); USNM 212696 (2), AMNH, vol.250656, issue.1

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Pristiapogon abrogramma Fraser & Lachner 1985-Lateral-stripe cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be in original description of Apogon (Pristiapogon) abrogramma by Fraser and Lachner (1985: 7); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by, 2012.

, from southwestern Madagascar by Jaonalison et al. (2016: 11) as Pristiapogon exostigma (non Jordan & Starks in Jordan & Seale 1906), and from Nosy Be by, 1906.

, Distribution: Seychelles, Comoros and Madagascar east to Philippines and Solomon Islands. Marine. Madagascar material: USNM 211593 (5 paratypes)

, 4); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Nosy Be by Fraser and Lachner (1985: 25) as Apogon (Pristiapogon) fraenatus, from Madagascar by Fricke, Pristiapogon fraenatus (Valenciennes 1832)-Bridled cardinalfish, spurcheek cardinal Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, pp.227-228, 1964.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, Tab. S1) as Apogon fraenatus, from Antsiranana Bay by Pegg et al. (2012: 122) as Apogon fraenatus, p.53, 2007.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line and Gambier islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales, issue.1

, MNHN 1992, p.516

, 224) as P. snyderi; subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as P. snyderi, from Toliara, Banc du Leven and Nosy Be by Fraser and Lachner (1985: 12) as Apogon (Pristiapogon) kallopterus, from Madagascar by Fricke, Pristiapogon kallopterus (Bleeker 1856)-Iridescent cardinalfish, spinyhead cardinal; apogon irisé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.122, 1967.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.243069

, AMNH 248971

, AMNH, vol.249467, issue.4, p.250697

, MNHN 1963, p.160

, 224); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 231) as Apogon taeniopterus, from Madagascar by Fricke et al. (2009: 53), and from Antsiranana Bay by Pegg et al. (2012: 122) as Apogon taeniophorus. Distribution: Madagascar, Saint Brandon's Shoals, Réunion and Mauritius, Bandfin cardinalfish; apogon à nageoires rayées (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1836.

C. Keeling and . Islands,

, New Caledonia east to Pitcairn Group; Marianas to Hawaiian Islands and Line Islands; bipolar west-east distribution

, Pseudamia gelatinosa Smith 1956-Jelly cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, pp.235-236, 1999.

, Pseudamiops pellucidus Smith 1954-Limpid cardinal Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224). Distribution: South and East Africa to Madagascar

, Distribution: South and East Africa, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands and Fiji, Luminous cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Ambaro by Fourmanoir, p.110, 1961.

, 7, fig. 4); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 236), from northwestern Madagascar by, Siphamia mossambica Smith 1955-Sea urchin cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be in original description of Siphamia nigra by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, pp.54-56, 1964.

, Madagascar material: AMS I, pp.28107-28145

A. , , pp.28113-28134

, MNHN 1973-0043 (2 syntypes of Siphamia nigra Fourmanoir & Crosnier, 1964.

, USNM, vol.307709, issue.3, p.308002

. Siphamia, ) as S. versicolor. Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to New South Wales (Australia), Tubifer cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Ambavatoby Bay by Gon and Allen, p.122, 1909.

, Yellow-barred cardinalfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be in original description by Gon and Randall, vol.24, 2003.

, from western Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 85, fig. 61) as Archamia lineolata (non Cuvier [ex Ehrenberg] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828), and from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224) as Archamia lineolata (non Cuvier [ex Ehrenberg] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1828) and Fricke et al.-Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar from Madagascar by McKay (1992: 60), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa (1994: 139), from Madagascar by Randall (1995: 168), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 237), from Madagascar by Elouard (2001: 258), and from Madagascar by, previously reported from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950a: 459) as Apogon lineolatus (non Cuvier, p.53, 2009.

, AMNH, vol.88089, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.88170, issue.3

, MNHN 1992, p.571

, USNM 207636, vol.307938, p.301507

, Malacanthidae Poey 1861

, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Ribbed tilefish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 237); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Branchiostegus doliatus, p.54, 2009.

, MNHN 1998, p.833

, MNHN 1998, p.834

, Hoplolatilus cuniculus Randall & Doley 1974-Pale sand tilefish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, pp.237-238, 1999.

, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands and Society Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga; postlarvae straying to South Africa

, Malacanthus brevirostris Guichenot 1848-Stripetail tilefish; matajuel nez court (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Guichenot, pp.14-15, 1848.

, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 146), from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 80), from Madagascar by Sauvage, p.93, 1891.

M. , from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1963a: pl. 5 B) as M. hoedti, from Madagascar by

. Dooley, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Panama, north to Ryukyu Islands, Japan and Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.54, 1978.

, Malacanthus latovittatus (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Blue tilefish, blue blanquillo

, 184); subsequently reported from southwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 190), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 221), from Madagascar by Dooley (1978: 62), from Madagascar by Fricke, and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian and Line islands, north to southern Japan, south to New South Wales (Australia), vol.3, pp.1-432, 1950.

, Islands. Marine. Madagascar material: RMNH, vol.9390, issue.1

, Pomatomidae Gill 1863

. Pomatomus, 1833: 229) as Temnodon saltator; previously reported without stated locality in original description of Cheilodipterus heptacanthus by Lacepède [ex Commerson] (538, 542, pl. 21, fig. 3); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 146) as Temnodon saltator, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 100) as Cheilodipterus saltator, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as Temnodon saltator, from southern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, Linnaus 1766)-Bluefish; tassergal (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, pp.240-241, 1957.

, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and temperate seas, except for eastern and northwestern Pacific. Marine. Madagascar material, pp.1998-1668

, Coryphaenidae Rafinesque 1815

, Coryphaena equiselis Linnaeus 1758-Pompano dolphinfish; dorade (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, pp.257-258, 1999.

, Coryphaena hippurus Linnaeus 1758-Dolphinfish; dorade coryphène (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 229); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234), and from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 258). Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas

, Rachycentridae Gill 1896

S. Malagasy and . Madagascar, Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description of Elacate malabarica by Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes (1832: 333); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 146) as E. malabarica, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 98) as Elacate nigra; subsequently reported from Nosy Be and southern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, 205) as R. canadus, from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 139), and from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225), as R. canadus, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.51, 1957.

, Echeneidae Rafinesque 1810

, Nosy Satrana) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 229); subsequently reported from Nosy Satrana by Angot (1950c: 187) as E. naucrates and E. isodonta, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, pl. 14D), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 237), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.54, 1957.

. Fricke, and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, vol.88147, p.56, 1984.

, AMNH, vol.88163, issue.3

, AMNH, vol.251497, issue.4

, CAS, vol.80065, issue.2

, 145) as C. stellatus, from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 383), from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1963a: pl. 5 A), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 56), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 248), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 110), from Andavadoaka Region by, Caranx melampygus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833-Bluefin trevally, bluefin kingfish; carangue aile bleue (French); kikao menamaso (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Ambila Lemaitso by Regan (1920: 421); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 38), from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.56, 1957.

, 56); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith-Vaniz in Smith and Heemstra, Caranx papuensis Alleyne & Macleay 1877-Brassy kingfish; carangue bronze (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.56, 1984.

, USNM 198829

, Caranx sexfasciatus Quoy & Gaimard 1825-Bigeye trevally, bigeye kingfish; carangue vorace (French)

. Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 31, fig. 3; 1891a, pp.329-330

, 209, 210) as C. sexfasciatus and C. hippos (non Linnaeus [ex Garden] 1766), from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 386), from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir, as C. forsteri; subsequently reported from Mahambo, Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as Caranx hippos (non Linnaeus [ex Garden] 1766, from Mahajanga and Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1957.

, Caranx hippos (non Linnaeus [ex Garden] 1766)

, Islands; also eastern Pacific from Galápagos Archipelago and Ecuador to Mexico. Freshwater, transitional water, New South Wales (Australia), issue.1

, CAS 16253, vol.80089

, MNHN 1966, p.925

, MNHN 1966, p.928

, MNHN 1978, p.199

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 56); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith-Vaniz in Smith and Heemstra, Caranx tille Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833-Tille trevally, p.110, 1986.

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Mariana Islands and Fiji, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia

, Distribution: East Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Decapterus kurroides Bleeker 1851-Redtail scad Status at Madagascar: New record from northeastern Madagascar, based on AMNH material

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands, northern Line Islands (Kiribati) and Gambier Islands, Decapterus macrosoma Bleeker 1851-Shortfin scad; comète fine (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from off southern Madagascar, based on USNM material

, USNM, vol.307984, issue.2

. Decapterus, Rüppell 1830)-Indian scad; comète indienne (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as

, Caranx kurra; from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.57, 1961.

, Distribution: Red Sea and East Africa east to Philippines and Fiji, north to southern Japan, south to Ningaloo Reef (Western Australia) and New South Wales (Australia) at 29°23'S and New Caledonia: Mediterranean Sea (Red Sea immigrant)

, AMNH, vol.232487, issue.1, p.243118

, MNHN 1978, p.240

, USNM, vol.307981, issue.3

B. Decapterus-tabl, Roughear scad; comète queue rouge (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from southwestern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas, except for eastern Pacific, p.185, 1968.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01907117

, Rainbow runner; comète saumon (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 216) as E. bipinnulatus; subsequently reported from from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 426) as E. bipinnulatus, Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as E. bipinnulatus, from Madagascar by, Elagatis bipinnulata (Quoy & Gaimard 1825, p.57, 1984.

. Fricke-;-gillibrand, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas, from Andavadoaka Region by, p.57, 1999.

, 228) as Caranx speciosus; subsequently reported from Sarodrano by Angot (1950c: 186), from Mahajanga by Fourmanoir (1957: 210) as Caranx speciosus, from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 411), and from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 224), as C. speciosus, Gnathanodon speciosus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Golden trevally; carangue royale jaune (French); kikao (Malagasy), sabonto (Malagasy, Sarodrano) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Pellegrin, p.12, 1914.

, MNHN 1989, p.172

, MNHN 1992-0887

, Torpedo scad; comète torpille (French); kalaicamba, hatokatendro (Malagasy), lanora (Malagasy, Nosy Satrana) Status at Madagascar: First record from Betsiboka, western Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.213, 1957.

, 139), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 58), and from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 252). Distribution: Red Sea and East Africa east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, subsequently reported from Nosy Satrana by Angot (1950c: 186) as Caranx Rottleri, from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir, 1967.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249075

. Naucrates, Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Playfair (1868: 18); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 98), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 58), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 253), and from Madagascar by, p.57, 1758.

P. Niger, Black pomfret; castagnoline noire (French); manarabotry, kipela (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from western Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 231, fig. 152) as Apolectus niger; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 138) as Apolectus niger, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1795.

. Madagascar-by-bauchot and . Bianchi, 58), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 253), and from Madagascar by, p.57, 1984.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Queensland (Australia). Transitional water, marine

, AMNH, vol.251515, issue.1

, MNHN, issue.12, p.767, 1966.

. Scomberoides-commersonnianus-lacepède,

, ) as Scomberoïdes commersonnianus; subsequently reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes (1832: 370) as Chorinemus commersonnianus, from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 146) as C. Commersonii, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 98) as S. commersonianus, from Madagascar by Smith-Vaniz and Staiger (1973: 194), from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Smith-Vaniz et al. (1979: 40), from Madagascar by, talatala (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description by Lacepède, vol.1801, p.139, 1984.

. Scomeroides-;-commersonnianus, . Madagascar, and . Randall, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, from Madagascar by Elouard, p.57, 1995.

, MNHN 1966-0882

, 13B-C) as Chorinemus tolooparah and C. lysan, from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 418, 420) as Chorinemus lysan and C. sancti-petri, from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 17) as C. sancti petri, from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 139) as Chorinemus lysan, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as C. lysan and C. sanctipetri, from Madagascar by Smith-Vaniz and Staiger (1973: 208), from Madagascar by, angoé (Malagasy, Lovokampy), fianta (Malagasy, Soalara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther, vol.217, p.258, 1957.

, CAS, vol.80220, issue.1

, MNHN 1966-0882

, MNHN 1966, p.933

, Scomberoides tol (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1832)-Needlescaled queenfish

, talatala (Malagasy), marotaola (Malagasy, Lovokampy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 98), p.187

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Lovokampy by Angot (1950c: 186), from Nosy Iranja by Fourmanoir (1957: 217) as Chorinemus tol, from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 139), and from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225), as Chorinemus tol, from Madagascar by Smith-Vaniz and Staiger (1973: 210), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 59), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa, p.110, 1994.

, New Caledonia and Tonga. Transitional water and marine

, AMNH, vol.232527, issue.1

, CAS, vol.80218, issue.2

, MNHN 1966, p.934

, MNHN 1966, p.935

, USNM 171055

, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 377), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 60), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 255), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 110), and from Madagascar by, Bigeye scad; sélar coulisou (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.243085, 1957.

, USNM, vol.307978, issue.2

. Seriola, Distribution: Circumglobal in tropical and warm temperate seas except eastern Pacific. Marine. Seriolina nigrofasciata (Rüppell 1829)-Blackbanded trevally; sériole amourez (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 428) as Zonichthys nigrofasciata; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 17) as Seriola nigrofasciata, Amberjack; sériole couronnée (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Berafia by Fourmanoir, p.58, 1957.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia)

, Trachinotus baillonii (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Smallspotted dart

, Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, vol.1832, p.431

, T. baillonii; previously reported without stated locality in original description of Caesiomorus baillonii by

;. Lacepède, 13A) as Trachinotus Bailloni, from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 424), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225), from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Smith-Vaniz, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 98) as Trachynotus Bailloni, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1957.

. Gambier-islands, . North-to-southern-japan, . South-to-western, and . Australia, Lord Howe Island, Tonga and Rapa. Transitional water, marine, New South Wales (Australia), issue.2

, Trachinotus blochii (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Snubnose pompano

, maheriloha, ambitsy, miandravola (Malagasy), tsaïdy (Malagasy, Soalara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes, vol.1832, p.425

, 1801: 92, 95, pl. 3, fig. 2); also reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Lacepède, 79-81) as Caranx glaucus (non Linnaeus 1758) and Trachinotus falcatus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 146), vol.1801, pp.66-67

, 119-120) as Trachynotus falcatus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Soalara by Angot (1950c: 186) as Trachynotus ovatus var. falcatus (non Linnaeus 1758); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, Trachynotus ovatus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Madagascar by Pellegrin, p.215, 1933.

T. Blochi and ;. Smith-vaniz, from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 423), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as T. blochi, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro, p.58, 1979.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New Caledonia. Transitional water, marine

, AMNH, issue.1, p.232507

. Trachinotus, French); maheriloha, ambitsy, miandravola (Malagasy), tsaïdy (Malagasy, Soalara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 17) as T. russeli; subsequently reported from Mahambo and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as Trachynotus Russelli, from Madagascar by Williams (1958: 425) as Trachinotus russelli, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as T. russelli, and from Madagascar by, ) as T. russelli. Distribution, pp.1966-1095, 1803.

, Trachurus delagoa Nekrasov 1970-African scad; chinchard galati (French); valahara (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Nekrasov (1970: 96); previously reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin

, Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to Walters Shoals and Madagascar, from southern Madagascar by Smith-Vaniz in Smith and Heemstra, vol.307986, pp.659-660, 1984.

, USNM, vol.307995, issue.4

, Ulua mentalis (Cuvier [ex Ehrenberg] in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1833)-Longrakered trevally; carangue démêloir (French); kikaofisaka (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 211) as Caranx mandibularis

, MNHN 1998-1531

, USNM 298479

, USNM 298483

, USNM, vol.307509, issue.1

. Lethrinus-lentjan, Redspot emperor; empereur lentilles (French); tsabeaka (Malagasy, Soalara), tsabeake (Malagasy, Toliara), ambitra (Malagasy, Betsimisaraka), oromandrea, antsisy (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage, 1802.

L. , subsequently reported from Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 203) as L. mahsenoides, from Madagascar by Fowler (1933: 46) as L. mahsenoides, from Soalara by Angot (1950c: 183) as L. croceopterus, from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.229, 1957.

, 82), from Madagascar by Carpenter and Allen (1989: 68), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 298), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 112), and from Andavadoaka Region by, p.187, 1984.

, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia

, USNM 392816, vol.349460

, 124-125, pl. 6A, fig. 91) as L. mahsena and L. sanguineus; subsequently reported from Recif Noyé and Nosy Iranja by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 18) as L. coeruleus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 229) as L. caeruleus, L. mahsena and L. sanguineus, from Madagascar by, Lethrinus mahsena (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Sky emperor; empereur mahsena (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar and Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.83, 1957.

. Madagascar and A. Carpenter, 70), from Toliara by Laroche and Ramananarivo (1995: 196), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 299), from northwestern Madagascar by, p.112, 1989.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Distribution: Red Sea, Tab. S1), and from southwestern Madagascar by, p.12, 2009.

, USNM 21623

, USNM 21624 (1), vol.USNM, p.298527

, Lethrinus microdon Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830-Longface emperor; capitaine gueule longue (French); romanjia (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.81, 1984.

, and Mascarenes east to Palau and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia. Marine. Lethrinus nebulosus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Spangled emperor; empereur moris (French); antsisy (Malagasy, Soalara), angelike (Malagasy, Sarodrano), ambitsy (Malagasy, from Madagascar by Fricke, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1989.

, 36) as L. frenatus and L. nebulosus, from Soalara by Angot (1950c: 183), from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, Status at Madagascar: First record from Sarodrano and Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 203) as L. centurio and L. nebulosus; subsequently reported from Antsiranana, Mahambo and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 226) as L. centurio, from Madagascar by Fowler, p.67, 1933.

, MNHN 1992, p.901

, Orange-striped emperor; bossu d'herbe (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Playfair (1868: 10) as L. ramak; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 91) as L. ramak, from Nosy Be in original description of L. aurolineatus by Fourmanoir, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 229), from Toliara by Vivien, p.428, 1961.

, 78), from Toliara by Laroche and Ramananarivo (1995: 196), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 112), from Andavadoaka Region by, ) as L. ramak, from Madagascar by Carpenter and Allen, p.187, 1984.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Wake Atoll and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia

, USNM, vol.392815, issue.1

, Lethrinus olivaceus Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830-Longface emperor; Bec de cane allongé, bec de cane malabar, lethrinus à museau long (French); amatoantsisy (Malagasy, Anakao), fiantsara (Malagasy, Betsimisaraka), kifalaotsa, kifohalotsa, amato (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage, 1887.

, subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Pellegrin (1914d: 226) as L. rostratus, from Madagascar by Fowler (1933: 10, 61) as Lethrinus miniatus (non Forster in Bloch & Schneider 1801) and L. olivaceus, from Anakao by Angot (1950c: 183) as L. rostratus, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.187, 1957.

, USNM 21618, p.216619

, Lethrinus rubrioperculatus Sato 1978-Spotcheek emperor; capitaine honteux (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 82); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, p.84, 1989.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

J. Fuscolineatus, Brownlined croaker; votsiboly (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sasaki (1997: 315); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, ) as J. dussumieri (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830), p.89, 1923.

, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Mozambique east to Madagascar. Transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: AMNH 231388

, 1868: 10) as Otolithus argentea; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 104) as Otolithus argenteus, from Lovokampy by Angot (1950c: 183) as Otolithus argenteus, from western Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 80) as Otolithes argenteus, from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 137), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 243) as Otolithes argenteus, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 89), from Madagascar by Daget and Trewavas in, telonify, troisdents (Malagasy), bekapoaka (Malagasy, Lovokampy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Playfair, p.258, 1986.

, AMNH, vol.232525, issue.1

, MNHN 1966, p.802

, USNM 324616

, Distribution: Southwestern Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Bay of Biscay to South Africa; western Indian Ocean: South Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) to Pakistan. Freshwater, transitional water

, Mullidae Rafinesque 1815

, 1859: 403) as Mulloides flavolineatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 80) as Mulloides flavolineatus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as M. samoensis, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 90) as Mulloides flavolineatus, from Madagascar by Fricke, Yellowstripe goatfish; capuciva à bande jaune (French); fiantsomotsa, tenday, mondrazy (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther, p.187, 1999.

, AMNH, vol.251532, issue.1

. , Mulloidichthys vanicolensis (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831)-Yellowfin goatfish, p.225

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, p.14, 1964.

. Gillibrand, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Mulloides vanicolensis; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as M. auriflamma (non Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775), and from Andavadoaka Region by, p.251570, 2007.

, Parupeneus barberinus (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Dash-and-dot goatfish; rouget-barbet barberin (French); mondrazy, tenday, fiantsomotsa (Malagasy), fiantsomotse (Malagasy, Anakao) Status at Madagascar: First record from Antsiranana and Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 226); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 41) as Upeneus barberinus, from Anakao by Angot (1950c: 184) as U. barberinus, from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.68, 1957.

, MNHN 1966, p.813

, MNHN 1999, p.84

, USNM 267465

, USNM 267467

, USNM 267472 (12), vol.267473

, USNM 267474

, USNM 267525

, USNM, vol.307900, issue.1

, 87) as Pseudupeneus pleurotaenia; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as Pseudupeneus pleurotaenia, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as Parupaeneus cf. fraterculus and P. pleurotaenia, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 313), and from Madagascar by, Whitesaddle goatfish; capucin à lignes blanches (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Ambaro by Fourmanoir, p.68, 1961.

, Yellowsaddle goatfish; rouget-barbet doré (French); mondrazy, fiantsomotsa, tenday (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Pellegrin (1914d: 226); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1955c: 11) as Pseudupeneus luteus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as Pseudupeneus cyclostomus, p.91, 1984.

. Fricke, 2001: 125), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 112), from Andavadoaka Region by, Tab. S1), and from Madagascar by Randall, p.62, 1999.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales, issue.1

. Parupeneus and . King, Fraser's goatfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from off Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description by Randall and King (2009: 32, fig. 6); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, vol.1, p.40, 2009.

, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Madagascar. Marine. Madagascar material: SAIAB, vol.82829, issue.5

, 69, fig. 51); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as Pseudupeneus pleurospilos, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 315), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 112), and from Madagascar by, Redspot goatfish, cinnabar goatfish; rouget-barbet cinnabare (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Berafia in original description of Pseudupeneus xanthopurpureus by Fourmanoir, p.69, 1957.

, USNM, vol.307922, issue.2

, Indian goatfish; rouget-barbet indien (French); mondrazy, fiantsomotsa, tenday (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 227); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 67) as Pseudupeneus indicus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as Pseudupeneus indicus, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.69, 1984.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall and Austral islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), issue.1

, MNHN 1999, p.86

, 68) as Pseudupeneus macronema; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as Pseudupeneus macronema, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as Parupaeneus macronema, Longbarbel goatfish, band-dot goatfish; rougetbarbet bandeau (French); mondrazy, fiantsomotsa, tenday (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, vol.1, p.69, 1957.

, Distribution: Red Sea, p.227

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Indonesia and Philippines. Marine. Madagascar material, pp.1992-1028

P. Pleurostigma, Blackspot goatfish, sidespot goatfish; rouget-barbet pastille (French) Status at Madagascar: First record reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 317); subsequently from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 112), from Andavadoaka Region by, Distribution: East Africa, p.69, 1831.

, Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands, Tonga and Rapa, New South Wales (Australia), issue.1

, Commerson] 1801)-Blacksaddle goatfish; rouget-barbet sellé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 226) as P. notospilus

. Gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.69, 1999.

, MNHN 1992, vol.307888, p.1033

, Two-barred goatfish; rouget-barbet double-tache (French); mondrazy, fiantsomotsa, tenday (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1891a: 221-224) as Upeneoides bifasciatus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as Pseudupeneus bifasciatus, pl. 11) as P. bifasciatus, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.69, 1984.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to western Indonesia

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, Upeneus guttatus (Day 1868)-Two-tone goatfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Banc Pracel (Toraka Pracel) in original description of Upeneus crosnieri by Fourmanoir and Guézé, pp.52-54, 1967.

, Upeneus heemstra Uiblein & Gouws 2014 (Fig. 25)-Heemstra's goatfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be in original description by Uiblein and Gouws, p.657, 2014.

. Hubert, Tab. S1) as U. tragula (non Richardson 1843), and from Nosy Be by, 2012.

, 44); previously reported from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 137) as Upeneus sundaicus (non Bleeker 1855), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as Upeneus bensasi (non Temminck & Schlegel 1843), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as Upeneus bensasi (non Temminck & Schlegel 1843), and from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.660, 1984.

, 63); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Uiblein and McGrouther (2012: 69). Distribution: East Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes); western Indonesia, Upeneus mascareinsis Fourmanoir & Guézé 1967-Mascarene goatfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Uiblein and Heemstra, p.47, 2010.

, Upeneus moluccensis (Bleeker 1855)-Goldband goatfish; rouget-souris bande or (French); mondrazy, fihantsomotsa, tenday (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Banc Pracel (Toraka Pracel) by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, p.14, 1964.

, pl. 10), and from Madagascar by Uiblein and Heemstra, p.47, 1984.

, Madagascar and Réunion (western Mascarenes) east to Caroline Islands and New Guinea, north to southern Japan

M. Sea, Red Sea immigrant)

, USNM, vol.307893, issue.3

, USNM, vol.307898, issue.4

, USNM 429348

, USNM 429354

, Figure 25. Mullidae, Upeneus heemstra Uiblein & Gouws, 2014.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Upeneus pori Ben-Tuvia & Golani 1989-Por's goatfish; barbet à queue rayée (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Uiblein and Heemstra, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Uiblein and Heemstra (2011b: 639), and from Madagascar by Uiblein and Lisher, vol.64, p.88, 2010.

. Madagascar, Lessepsian migrant into eastern Mediterranean through Suez Canal

, 657); subsequently reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Uiblein and Gouws, Upeneus suahelicus Uiblein & Heemstra 2010-Swahili goatfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro), southern Madagascar by Uiblein and Gouws, 2014.

, Upeneus sulphureus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829-Yellow goatfish

, mondrazy, fiantsomotsa, tenday (Malagasy), fiantsomotse (Malagasy, Antseraka) Status at Madagascar: First record from Antseraka by Angot (1950c: 184) as Upeneoides sulfureus

, Distribution: Red Sea, subsequently reported from western Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 66, fig. 48), from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 137) as Upeneoides sulphureus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.70, 1984.

, AMNH, vol.66582, issue.1, p.249420

, SAIAB, vol.97930, issue.1

, USNM 267674

, USNM 267682

, USNM 273662 (2), USNM 268565, vol.429420

, Upeneus taeniopterus Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829-Striped goatfish; rouget-souris rayé (French)

, 11); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 319). Distribution: East Africa, Aldabra and Madagascar east to Solomon and Hawaiian islands, north to southern Japan, mondrazy, fiantsomotsa, tenday (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi, p.93, 1984.

, 184) as Upeneoides vittatus; subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 67, fig. 49), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225), from Madagascar by, Upeneus vittatus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Yellow-striped goatfish; rouget-barbet orangé (French); tsoy (Malagasy, Antseraka) Status at Madagascar: First record from Antseraka by Angot, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1950.

, and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, p.245696

, AMNH, vol.251537, issue.1

, CAS, vol.66583, issue.1

, MNHN 1966-1098

, Pempheridae Bleeker 1859

. Hubert, 188); of Pempheris vanicolensis Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1831 from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 113), from Andavadoaka Region by, Records of Pempheris molucca Cuvier 1829 from Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) and Fowler (1923: 39), of Pempheris mangula Cuvier 1829 from Maromena by Angot (1950c: 186) and from Nosy Be by, p.326, 1957.

. Randall, 1 e) is based on an undescribed species of Pempheris according to, A photograph of Pempheris adusta (non Bleeker 1877) from Toliara published by Koeda, 2013.

P. , is restricted to the western Pacific. The record of P. adusta from Madagascar by Fricke et al. (2009: 70) is also based on that species

. Parapriacanthus and . Bogorodsky, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Mozambique to Seychelles, Comoros, Madagascar and Saint Brandon's Shoals. Marine. Madagascar material: SAIAB, p.192761, 2016.

, Parapriacanthus ransonneti Steindachner 1870-Slender sweeper, pygmy sweeper Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.112, 2005.

. Gillibrand, 2009: 70), and from southwestern Madagascar by, p.12, 2007.

. Victor, Madagascar sweeper Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be and Nosy Ambariotelo in original description by, pp.17-18, 2015.

, 16); previously recorded from Toliara in original description of P. tominagai (non Koeda et al. 2014) by, *Pempheris hollemani Randall & Victor 2015-Holleman's sweeper Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description by Randall and Victor, p.318, 2014.

. Randall, ) as P. adusta (non Bleeker 1877), and from Toliara and Nosy Be by, Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.326, 1999.

, USNM, vol.307627, issue.4

*. Pempheris and . Victor, 26)-Redtail sweeper Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be in original description by, vol.32, pp.46-47, 2015.

, BPBM 41199 (1 paratype)

, 322); subsequently reported from Andavadoaka Region by, Pempheris schwenkii Bleeker 1855-Black-stripe sweeper Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.36, 1999.

, Monodactylidae Jordan & Evermann, p.1898

, Monodactylus argenteus (Linnaeus 1758)-Silver moony, mono, Natal moony

. Malagasy, Figure 26. Pempheridae, Pempheris rubricauda Randall & Victor, 2015.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, 203) as Psettus argenteus; subsequently reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1908: 58) as Psettus argenteus, from Mahambo and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 227) as P. argenteus, from Ambila Lemaitso by Regan (1920: 420), ) as P. argenteus, from Ambatobetanala by Angot (1950c: 186), from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.224, 1907.

. Daget, and Mascarenes east to Mariana Islands, Caroline Islands (Micronesia) and Samoa, north to southern Japan, Tab. S1), and from southwestern Madagascar by, p.12, 1984.

, CAS, vol.66562, issue.1

, MNHN 1999, p.61

, MNHN 1999, p.73

, USNM, vol.301504, issue.2

, USNM, vol.307853, issue.5

, Monodactylus falciformis Lacepede [ex Commerson] 1801-Full moony; lune pleine (French); tsipela, felafela

, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 94) as M. orbicularis, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1908: 58) as Psettus falciformis, from Ambila Lemaitso by Pellegrin, vol.1866, pp.136-137, 1932.

, as Psettus falciformis, from western Madagascar by Arnoult, p.154, 1933.

. Madagascar-by-catala and . Daget, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa south to Cape Province (South Africa), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Raminosa, p.71, 1977.

D. Smith, , 1935.

, ) as Dipterodon multifasciatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1935: 275), from Madagascar by Bauchot (1963b: 169) as Coracinus multifasciatus, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 94) as Coracinus multifasciatus, and from Madagascar by Smith in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 602) as C. multifasciatus. Distribution: South Africa to southern Madagascar, Banded galjoen; galjoin rayé (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original description by Pellegrin, pp.231-233, 1914.

, Remarks: A record of Glyphodes aprionoides Guichenot 1863 from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 11, fig. 1; 1891a, pp.111-112

. Kyphosus-bigibbus-lacepède, 485); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bauchot (1963b: 169), from Madagascar by Fricke, brown chub Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) in original descriptions of Dorsuarius nigrescens and Xyster fuscus by Lacepède, vol.484, p.27, 1803.

, 24); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 228), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 94), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 323), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 113), from off southern Madagascar by Sakai and Nakabo (2006: 346), from Andavadoaka Region by, Kyphosus cinerascens (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Blue seachub, lowfin rubberfish; chalicagère bleue (French); kifilaotra, torovoke (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.251492, 1957.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes) east to Hawaiian, Line and Marquesas islands, north to central Japan, south to Western Australia, Kyphosus vaigiensis (Quoy & Gamard 1825)-Brassy chub; saupe grise à lignes jaunes (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fowler, p.68, 1923.

, Distribution: Southern Africa and Mozambique to southern Madagascar, Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro), southern Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1964.

, Drepaneidae Gill 1872

D. Longimana, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, Concertina fish Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Pellegrin (1914d: 227) as D. punctata var. longimana, 1758.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249094

D. Punctata, 1868: 10); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 94) as Harpochirus punctatus, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 227), Spotted sicklefish; forgeron tacheté (French); baboke (Malagasy, Lovokampy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Playfair, p.258, 1758.

, MNHN 1998, p.1654

A. , 130), but in the text, only the Amirantes, Cosmoledo and Mauritius are listed as confirmed areas of occurrence of the species. Therefore, the record of the species from Madagascar is here not considered as confirmed. Likewise, Prognathodes guezei Maugé & Bauchot 1976 was indicated to occur around northern Madagascar in the distribution map of, The occurrence of Chaetodon mitratus Günther 1860 at northeastern Madagascar was indicated in the distribution map of, 1998.

, 184), as C. setifer, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 30, fig. 24), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by, Chaetodon auriga Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775-Threadfin butterflyfish; fianakoho (Malagasy, Ambatobetanala) Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 227) as C. setifer; subsequently reported from Toliara by Angot (1950b: 138), from Ambatobetanala by Angot, p.12, 1950.

, USNM 428045

, Chaetodon bennetti Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831-Bluelashed butterflyfish; papillon de Bennett (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1961a: 84) as C. benneti

. Fricke, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Caroline Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Madagascar by, p.187, 1998.

, Chaetodon blackburnii Desjardins 1836-Brownburnie Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226) as C. blackburni; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers, vol.2001, p.71, 1994.

, Kenya to 33°S) to Madagascar and Mascarenes

A. , 101); also reported from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 28, fig. 21) as C. Güntheri (non Ahl 1923), from Madagascar by Fricke, Chaetodon dolosus Ahl 1923 (Fig. 27)-Blackedged butterflyfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.328, 1998.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, 2009: 71), and from southwestern Madagascar by, p.12, 2016.

, 226); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Chaetodon falcula Bloch 1795-Blackwedged butterflyfish; papillon indien à deux selles (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.40, 1967.

, 226); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Chaetodon guttatissimus Bennett 1833-Peppered butterflyfish, spotted butterflyfish, gorgeous gussy; chétodon moucheté (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.40, 1967.

, Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.1, p.243170

, AMNH, vol.243176, issue.1

, Chaetodon interruptus Ahl 1923-Teardrop butterflyfish, limespot butterflyfish; chétodon à tache de citron (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Allen et al. (1998: 113); also reported from Madagascar 236 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, by Guichenot (1866: 145) as Chaetodon unimaculatus (non Bloch 1787), by Bleeker (1874: 95) as Tetragonoptrus unimaculatus (non Bloch 1787), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226) as C. unimaculatus (non Bloch 1787), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.187, 1999.

C. From-madagascar-by-fricke, , p.72, 2009.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to western Indonesia

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226) as C. kleini; subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as C. kleini, from Madagascar by, Chaetodon kleinii Bloch 1790-Klein's butterflyfish, vol.2001, p.187, 1998.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian, Line and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island and Tonga, Tab. S1), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, vol.307640, p.40, 2009.

, SM-IRD). Scale bar 1 cm, Chaetodon dolosus Ahl, 1923.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Chaetodon lineolatus Cuvier, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831-Lined butterflyfish

, 226); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 331), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 113), from Andavadoaka Region by, p.72, 1967.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian, Line and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Gambier Islands

, Chaetodon lunula (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1802)-Raccoon butterflyfish, halfmoon butterflyfish; chétodon à croissant (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950a: 460) as Chaetodon biocellatus

. From-madagascar-by-allen, Lord Howe Island, Kermadec Islands and Rapa, subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), p.40, 1998.

, 629); also reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226) as C. chrysurus (non Desjardins 1834) and C. mertensi (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as C. chrysurus (non Desjardins 1834), and from Madagascar by Allen et al. (1998: 120) as C. mertensii (non Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1831); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, Chaetodon madagaskariensis Ahl 1923-Pearly butterflyfish; chétodon de Madagascar (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Heemstra in Smith and Heemstra, p.187, 1986.

C. Madagascar-by-fricke, ) as C. madagascariensis. Distribution: South and East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Andaman Sea, CocosKeeling and Christmas islands (eastern Indian Ocean). Marine. Remarks: Though Chaetodon madagaskariensis was originally described allegedly from Madagascar by Ahl (1923: 163), this description was based on the description of Choetodon (Tetragonoptrus) miliaris (non Quoy & Gaimard 1825) by Sauvage, pp.259-260, 1891.

R. Chaetodon, Doubleslash butterflyfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off southwestern Madagascar at 22°S by Smith (1953: 11); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1965b: 236). Distribution: South Africa to southern Madagascar, Marine. 238 FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 1921.

, Chaetodon melannotus Bloch & Schneider 1801-Black-backed butterflyfish; chétodon à dos noir (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 42); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 32) as C. melanotus, from Toliara by Maugé, ) as C. melanotus, p.226, 1967.

A. Madagascar, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.187, 1998.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia and New South Wales (Australia) and New Caledonia, Tab. S1), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.40, 2009.

. Chaetodon and . Schneider, Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 42); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Madagascar by Burgess (1978: 507), from Madagascar by, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 113), from Andavadoaka Region by, p.187, 1998.

, eastern Pacific. Marine. Madagascar material: USNM 171030

C. Chaetodon-triangulum, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831-Triangular butterflyfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers, p.112, 1994.

, rightangle butterflyfish; papillon à chevrons (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Chaetodon trifascialis Quoy & Gaimard 1825-Chevroned butterflyfish, p.187, 1998.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, northern Line Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Exmouth Gulf (Western Australia), New South Wales (Australia), p.73, 2009.

, USNM 428595

, Chaetodon trifasciatus Park 1797-Redfin butterflyfish, purple butterflyfish, melon butterflyfish; papillon cotelé indien (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Cuvier in Cuvier and Valenciennes (1831: 35) as

, vittatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 145) as C. vittatus, from Madagascar 239, C

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 95) as Tetragonoptrus vittatus, from Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 227) as C. vittatus, from Madagascar in original description of Chaetodon trifasciatus var, caudifasciatus by Ahl, p.57, 1923.

F. Madagascar, ) as C. trifasciatus trifasciatus, p.187, 1923.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Tab. S1), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.40, 2009.

, AMNH, issue.3, p.243172

, AMNH, issue.1, p.243173

, AMNH 243174 (1); MNHN 1999-0071 (4), vol.USNM, p.28559

, USNM 279964

, USNM 279992

, Nosy Be) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 145); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 95) as Tetragonoptrus vagabundus, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1914a: 112), from Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 227), from Madagascar by Ahl (1923: 154), from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 42), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Madagascar by, Chaetodon vagabundus Linnaeus 1758-Vagabond butterflyfish; chétodon à vagabond (French); amborindrina (Malagasy), fiantsamata (Malagasy, p.113, 1998.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, northern Line Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, Tab. S1), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.40, 2007.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.243175

, USNM, vol.307609, issue.5

, 226); subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by, Chaetodon xanthocephalus Bennett 1833-Yellowhead butterflyfish; chétodon à tête jaune (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.41, 1967.

, 76); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Chaetodon zanzibarensis Playfair in Playfair & Günther 1867-Zanzibar butterflyfish; chétodon de Zanzibar (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Ahl, vol.2001, pp.1-432, 1923.

A. , and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, papillon long nez (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.73, 1998.

, 27); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Madagascar by, Longnose butterflyfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.187, 1957.

, New Caledonia, and Tonga; also Gulf of California to Galápagos Archipelago in eastern Pacific. Marine. Hemitaurichthys zoster (Bennett 1831)-Black pyramid butterflyfish, brushtooth butterflyfish; papillon pyramide noir (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.113, 1998.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, and Mascarenes east to Andaman Sea, north to India, south to 28°S, Distribution: East Africa, p.73, 2007.

, Heniochus acuminatus (Linnaeus 1758)-Coachman, longfin bannerfish; poisson cocher commun (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 227) as H. macrolepidotus

, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.12, 1957.

, USNM 428839

. Hubert, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to New South Wales (Australia) and Kermadec Islands, Heniochus diphreutes Jordan 1903-False moorish idol Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by, p.241, 2012.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Heniochus monoceros Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831-Masked bannerfish

, 226); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, from Madagascar by Fricke et al. (2009: 74), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.41, 1967.

, Pomacanthidae Jordan & Evermann, p.1898

A. , 24); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831)-Threespot angelfish, flagfin angelfish; poisson-ange à trois taches (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.187, 1998.

, African pygmy angelfish, jumping bean, orangeback angelfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Allen et al. (1998: 57); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 346), from northwestern Madagascar by, p.113, 1922.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, Distribution: East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago, p.74, 2007.

C. Bispinosa, Günther 1860)-Coral beauty; poisson-ange à deux épines (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225)

A. Madagascar, ) as C. diacanthus, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 113), from Andavadoaka Region by, p.74, 1998.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall and Tuamotu islands

, fig. 30); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 225) as C. multispinnis, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 348), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 113), from Andavadoaka Region by, Playfair in Playfair & Günther 1867)-Dusky angelfish, dusky cherub Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, vol.3, p.75, 1957.

, USNM, vol.343656, issue.8, pp.1992-1037

. Malagasy, ). Sakalava, and . Malagasy, Betsimisaraka) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from eastern Madagascar in original descriptions of Holacanthus zebra and H. caudibicolor by Sauvage [ex Liénard] (1887: pl. 32, fig. 2, pl. 29, fig. 6, pl. 33, fig. 2; 1891a: 263-264, 267268); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1955d: 382), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 348), and from Madagascar by, p.75, 2009.

, MNHN A-0044 (1 syntype of Holacanthus zebra Sauvage, p.1887

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to New Caledonia and Solomon Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831, p.91, 1998.

, MNHN 2005-1201

, Goldtail angelfish; poisson-ange à oreille tachée (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot (1963b: 141) as Pomacanthus (Pomacanthodes) chrysurus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Madagascar by, 2001: 136), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 113), and from Andavadoaka Region by, p.187, 1998.

. Pomacanthus, Emperor angelfish; poisson-ange impérial (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, pp.34-35, 1787.

, subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Madagascar by, p.113, 1998.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Tab. S1), p.75, 2007.

, Pomacanthus rhomboides (Gilchrist & Thompson 1908)-Old woman angelfish; vomonjira (Malagasy, p.243

. Fricke, 88); previously reported from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 30; 1891a: 265) as Holacanthus ignatus, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Betsimisaraka), fiamboroka, lafalaka, fianakoho (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.255, 1957.

, 1831: 193); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 145) as H. alternans, from Madagascar by Günther (1860: 53) and Bleeker (1874: 96) as H. alternans, from Antsiranana and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 227) as H. semicirculatus and H. alternans, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 35, fig. 28), from Madagascar by Bauchot (1963b: 141) as Pomacanthus (Pumacanthodes) alternans, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1831)-Semicircle angelfish; poisson-ange bleu (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description of Holacanthus alternans by Cuvier [ex Quoy & Gaimard] in Cuvier and Valenciennes, p.75, 1998.

, AMNH, vol.251547, issue.1

, MNHN A-0228 (1 syntype of Holacanthus alternans Cuvier

, MNHN A-0618 (1 syntype of Holacanthus alternans Cuvier

, MNHN 1992, p.1035

, Pygoplites diacanthus (Boddaert 1772)-Regal angelfish; poisson-ange à bandes bleues, poisson duc (French)

, Betsimisaraka), fiambondro, lafidaka (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 28, fig. 3; 1891a, pp.266-267

, as Holacanthus diacanthus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 226), from Madagascar by

A. , (Mascarenes) and Maldives east to Gambier Islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Tab. S1). Distribution: East Africa, p.187, 1998.

, Pentacerotidae Bleeker 1859

, Pentaceros capensis Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829-Cape armourhead Status at Madagascar: New record from southeastern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: South Africa, Madagascar and Réunion (Mascarenes)

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Freshwater, transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, p.97126

, AMNH, vol.232523, issue.1, p.245637

, MNHN 1966-0805

, MNHN 1966, p.826

, MNHN 1992, p.486

, MNHN 1998-1503

, MNHN 1998-1509

, USNM 332622 (4), USNM, vol.335479, issue.1, p.335513

, USNM, vol.335517, issue.2

, Terapon puta Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829-Small-scaled terapon

, Lovokampy) Status at Madagascar: Reported from Lovokampy by Angot (1950c: 183) as Therapon ghebul. Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Guinea

C. Terapon-theraps, Large-scaled terapon; violon tigre (French); jihy (Malagasy, Lovokampy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Lovokampy by Angot (1950c: 183) as Therapon theraps; subsequently reported from Nosy Be and Mitsio Islands by Fourmanoir (1957: 88-89) as Therapon theraps, and by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 51). Distribution: Red Sea, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829

, Freshwater, transitional water, marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, vol.88126

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249067

, MNHN 1992, p.487

, USNM, vol.307553, issue.2, p.332587

, USNM, issue.6, p.332595

, USNM 332599, p.332602

, USNM 332603

, USNM 332604 (91), vol.USNM, p.332617

, Kuhliidae Jordan & Evermann, p.1896

, Kuhlia caudavittata (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1802)-Striped flagtail; doule à queue rayée (French); fiantsara (Malagasy, Betsimisaraka) Status at Madagascar: First record from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl, vol.18

, Freshwater, transitional water, marine. Kuhlia mugil (Bloch & Schneider [ex Forster] 1801)-Barred flagtail; crocro drapeau (French); fiena, sampia, poamaso (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahajanga by Jatzow and Lenz (1898: 500) as Dules bennetti; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 57) as K. taeniura, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 224) as K. taeniura, from Ambovombe by Pellegrin (1932c: 292) as K. taeniura, from Madagascar by Pellegrin, as Dules caudavittatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 57) as K. caudovittata, from Madagascar by Boulenger, vol.61, pp.1-432, 1915.

, fig. 3) as K. taeniura, from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Postel (1965: 404) as Dules taeniurus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 222) as Dules taeniurus, from Madagascar by, 81, fig. 58) as Dules taeniurus, by Arnoult, p.307, 1959.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Panama, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Kermadec Islands and Rapa; eastern Pacific from Baja California to Colombia; absent from Easter Island, Pitcairn Group, Marquesas and Hawaiian islands. Freshwater, transitional water and marine, ) as K. taeniura, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.50, 1994.

, MNHN 1998-1510, vol.307514

, French); fiambato, fiampossy, poamaso, kandadaka, maso (Malagasy), fiantsara (Malagasy, Betsimisaraka), kadadaka (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Playfair (1868: 10) as Dules fuscus; subsequently reported by Bleeker (1874: 90) as D. fuscus, from Tohizona (Maroantsetra) River by Steindachner (1880b: 240241) as Moronopsis fuscus, from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 15, fig. 4, pl. 41, fig. 3; 1891a: 149-150, 150-151) as D. fuscus and D. rupestris, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 56), from Madagascar by Boulenger, from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 224), from Madagascar by Pellegrin, pp.79-80, 1915.

. Pellegrin, 10, fig. 2), from eastern and southwestern Madagascar by Arnoult and Bauchot (1963: 224), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 222) as Dules rupestris, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 52), from Madagascar by Maugé in, 69), from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, pp.3-8, 1935.

, AMNH 228080

, AMNH, vol.228094, issue.1

, AMNH, issue.1, p.231261

, AMNH, vol.233668, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.233676, issue.1

, MNHN A, vol.4193, issue.3

, MNHN 1935, p.4

, MNHN 1936, p.29

, MNHN 1966-1003

, MNHN 1966-1005

, MNHN 1998, p.239701

. Kuhlia, 377); subsequently reported from Imerina River by Pellegrin, Sauvage's flagtail Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Imerina River in original description by Regan, p.8, 1913.

, AMNH, vol.97085, issue.5, p.215492

, AMNH 247

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar 228097

, AMNH, vol.231239, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.233664, issue.1

, AMNH, issue.1, p.233671

, AMNH, vol.237598, issue.1

, AMNH 237599

, MNHN 1998, p.1512

, MNHN 2011, p.129

, MNHN 2011, p.180

, UMMZ 234815

, UMMZ 234821

, UMMZ 234860, p.239921

, Oplegnathidae Bleeker 1853

R. Oplegnathus, Natal knifejaw; trondromolona (Malagasy, southern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: First record from southern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, pp.38-39, 1916.

, Cirrhitidae MacLeay 1841

A. Bimacula, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Taiwan, Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to northern Australia, Twospot hawkfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.75, 1903.

, USNM, vol.308029, issue.2

C. Guichenoti, Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 351); also reported from Toliara by Fourmanoir (1957: 138) as C. aprinus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 221) as C. aprinus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829), and from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as C. aprinus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Guichenot's hawkfish, p.75, 1880.

. Indonesia and . Marine, Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus (Bleeker 1855) (Fig. 28)-Coral hawkfish; épervier lutin (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.108, 2005.

. Gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Panama and Revillagigedo Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia, Tab. S1), and from southwestern Madagascar by, p.12, 2007.

. Cirrhitops and . Schultz, Barred Mascarene hawkfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Randall and Schultz, p.19, 2008.

, from Madagascar by Smith (1951: 637) as Cirrhitops cinctus (non Günther 1860), from Madagascar by Randall (1963: 420) as Cirrhitops fasciatus (non Bennett 1828), from Madagascar by Randall (1982: 201) as Cirrhitops fasciatus (non Bennett 1828), from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers (1994: 34) as Cirrhitops fasciatus (non Bennett 1828), from Madagascar by Fricke, previously reported from Madagascar by Günther (1860: 73, part) as Cirrhites cinctus (non Günther 1860), from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 93) as Paracirrhites cinctus (non Günther 1860), p.76, 1999.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Distribution: Madagascar and western Mascarenes. Marine. Madagascar material: BMNH, 2008.

, Cirrhitus pinnulatus (Bloch & Schneider [ex Forster] 1801)-Stocky hawkfish

B. ). Malagasy and . Malagasy, Sakalava), maherimanga, lovofihotsoka, solosolo (Malagasy, northwestern Madagascar), tsimasakatono (Malagasy, Tolagnaro) Status at Madagascar: First record from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage (1891a: 209-210) as Cirrhites maculatus; subsequently reported from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 225) as Cirrhites maculatus, from northwestern Madagascar and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Fourmanoir (1957: 139, fig. 102), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 222), from Madagascar by Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 666), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.76, 1999.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Kermadec Islands and Rapa

, USNM, vol.308022, issue.1

, 1866: 145) as Cirrhites punctatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 93) as Cirrhites punctatus, from Madagascar by Randall (1963: 398) as Cirrhitus punctatus, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 354) as Cirrhitus punctatus, and from Madagascar by, Cristacirrhitus punctatus (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1829)-Blackspotted hawkfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot, p.76, 2009.

, Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to Madagascar and western Mascarenes. Marine. Madagascar material: MNHN 0000-2772 (lectotype, as selected by Randall, p.399, 1963.

, ); subsequently reported from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir (1957: 142, fig. 104), from Madagascar by Randall (1963: 444), from Madagascar by Fricke, Swallowtail hawkfish, lyretal hawkfish Status at Madagascar: First record from off southern Madagascar by Smith, p.76, 1951.

, Figure 28. Cirrhitidae, Cirrhitichthys oxycephalus (Bleeker 1855)

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar, vol.6, pp.1-3, 1997.
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01907117

, USNM 240358 (1), USNM, vol.344606, issue.1

, USNM, vol.344607, issue.5

. Oreochromis, Longfin tilapia; tolapia, lapia (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar (introduced since 1951) by Arnoult, pp.75-76, 1912.

, ) as Sarotherodon macrochir, and by Elouard, p.260, 1981.

, Distribution: Introduced in Madagascar: Originally in rivers of East Africa. Freshwater. Material: AMNH, issue.1, p.248796

, Mozambique tilapia; tilapia du Mozambique (French); tolapia (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar (introduced since 1956) by Arnoult, from northeastern Madagascar by Stiassny and Harrison (2000: 150), and by Elouard, p.260, 1959.

, AMNH, vol.97686, issue.11

, AMNH, vol.97689

, AMNH, vol.97691, issue.2, p.226653

, Nile tilapia; tilapia du Nil (French); tolapia (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 84); subsequently reported from Madagascar (introduced) by Arnoult, p.691, 1959.

. Sarotherodon-niloticus, 260) as introduced since 1956. Distribution: Introduced in Madagascar, Originally in rivers of Africa. Freshwater, transitional water. Material: AMNH, issue.4, p.97372, 2001.

, AMNH, vol.97688, issue.3

, AMNH, vol.97692, issue.1

, Sabaki tilapia; tolapia (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Reported from Madagascar (introduced since 1950) by Arnoult (1959b: 79, pl. 15, fig. 2) as Tilapia nigra, and by Elouard (2001: 260) as O. spilurus niger. Distribution: Introduced in Madagascar, Originally in rivers of East Africa. Freshwater

, ]); subsequently reported from Marolambo area by Maréchal and Gosse in Daget et, from eastern Madagascar by Rham (1996: 428), from Madagascar by Elouard (2001: 257), from eastern Madagascar by Sparks and Stiassny (2010: 46), from Madagascar by Sparks (2002a: 559), from Madagascar by Sparks (2004a: 600), from Madagascar by Sparks and Smith (2004b: 504), from eastern Madagascar by Sparks (2004b: 2), and from Madagascar by Sparks, p.97111, 1966.

, AMNH, vol.97150, issue.4

, MNHN 1965-0317 (1 paratype, smaller specimen)

, MRAC 164794-164795

, UMMZ 235046 (1)

*. Paratilapia, Bleeker 1868-Pollen's cichlid; fiamanga, ampirina, trondro marakely, marakely (Malagasy), fony (Malagasy, Antsihanaka) 252 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, from Tohizona (Maroantsetra) River by Steindachner (1880b: 247), from eastern Madagascar by Bleeker (1878: 193-194) as Paracara typus, from Madagascar by Sauvage, vol.1874, p.444, 1868.

P. As-paracara-typus, P. Polleni, . Bleekeri, and . Mananara, Ambazoana and Imerina rivers by Sauvage (1891b: 192, 195-196) as Paracara typus, Paratilapia Polleni and P. Bleekeri, from Toliara and Mananjary provinces by Pellegrin (1907: 202), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 59) as Paratilapia Polleni, Paracara typus and Paratilapia Bleekeri, from Madagascar by Boulenger, pp.316-316, 1915.

, Antananarivo and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 227), from eastern and southwestern Madagascar by Regan, from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 41), from various localities by Pellegrin (1929a: 253), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1929b: 940), from Ankarana by Pellegrin (1932b: 226), from various localities by Pellegrin, p.293, 1920.

, Lhorombe Region by Pellegrin (1935: 70), from the high plateau of eastern Madagascar by Arnoult, vol.70, p.600, 1959.

, Distribution: Endemic to eastern Madagascar, from Madagascar by Sparks, p.46, 2004.

, AMNH, vol.18842, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.97002, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.97030, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.25, p.216068

, BMNH 1884.8.1, issue.1, p.1

, BMNH 1909.7.27, pp.57-58

, BMNH 1931.8.15, pp.9-16

M. A. , , vol.4195

, MNHN 1999, p.86

, RMNH 6692 (holotype of Paracara typus)

, UMMZ 235043, p.235044

, UMMZ 235045 (2); USNM 52184 (1); USNM 301515 (4), USNM, vol.344609, issue.4

, USNM

*. Paretroplus, Distribution: Endemic to Mahajanga Province, Mahajanga cichlid Status at Madagascar: Reported from Mahajanga Province by Sparks and Schelly, 2011.

, MHNG 2537, p.44

, MHNG 2537, p.233523

, UMMZ 235021, vol.37

, UMMZ 235022, vol.34

, UMMZ 239543, p.240355

, Distribution: Endemic to Kinkony Lake, *Paretroplus dambabe Sparks 2002-Kinkony cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Kinkony Lake, northwestern Madagascar in original description by Sparks, pp.549-555, 2002.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar material: UMMZ 238724 (holotype)

, AMNH 232398 (10 paratypes)

, MNHN 1965-0316

, MNHN 1996, p.123

, *Paretroplus damii Bleeker 1868-Dami's cichlid; masovoatoaka (Malagasy), damba (Malagasy, northwestern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be in original description by Bleeker, pp.247-248, 1868.

. Madagascar-by-pellegrin, 350), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1929b: 941) as P. Dami, from Sambirano River by Pellegrin (1932b: 226) as P. Dami, from Madagascar by Pellegrin, fig. 65) as P. dami, from Ampobilava Lake (Nosy Be) by Arnoult, p.359, 1908.

, from northwestern Madagascar by Rham, p.428, 1994.

P. Dami, 548, 559) as P. dami, from Madagascar by Sparks (2004a: 600), from Madagascar by Sparks and Smith (2004b: 503), from Madagascar by Sparks, vol.3939, 2002.

, AMNH 232428

, AMNH, vol.232438, issue.3

, AMNH, vol.232445, issue.3

, AMNH 232473

, MNHN 1931, p.225

, MNHN 1996, p.125

, UMMZ 233523

, UMMZ 235021

, UMMZ, vol.235022, issue.1

, UMMZ 235023, p.239544

*. Paretroplus and . Sparks, Nude-preopercle cichlid; melemshiska (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Amboaboa River, original description by Sparks, pp.25-26, 2008.

, UMMZ 239531 (6 paratypes)

, UMMZ 239532

, UMMZ 239533

, UMMZ 239546 (2 paratypes)

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar, *Paretroplus kieneri Arnoult 1960-Kiener's cichlid; damba (Malagasy, northwestern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Kinkony Lake, northwestern Madagascar in original description by Arnoult, vol.559, p.548, 1960.

, UMMZ 235018

, UMMZ 236592 (4)

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

*. Paretroplus and . Sparks, Lamena cichlid; lamena, tsimoly, damba (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mahajamba River, northwestern Madagascar in original description by Sparks, pp.58-59, 2008.

, AMNH 238557

, AMNH 238562

, AMNH 238565

, Distribution: Endemic to northeastern Madagascar, *Paretroplus loisellei Sparks & Schelly 2011-Loiselle's paretroplus Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mahanara River, in original description by Sparks and Schelly, pp.5-7, 2011.

, AMNH 231257

, AMNH 232457

, *Paretroplus maculatus Kiener & Maugé 1966-Spotted paretroplus; damba (Malagasy, northwestern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by, pp.69-70, 1966.

G. Maréchal and . Daget, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar, from northwestern Madagascar by Rham (1996: 428), from Madagascar by Elouard (2001: 257), from northwestern Madagascar by Sparks, vol.560, p.548, 1991.

, MNHN 1996, p.124

, UMMZ 235019 (2), vol.235020

, Distribution: Endemic to northwestern Madagascar, *Paretroplus maromandia Sparks & Reinthal 1999-Maromandia cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Maromandia region, northwestern Madagascar in original description by Sparks and Reinthal, vol.548, pp.1-3, 1999.

*. Paretroplus-menarambo-allgayer, Menarambo cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Lake Sarodrano in original description by Allgayer, 1996.

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar, from Madagascar by Sparks (2004a: 600), from Madagascar by Sparks and Smith (2004b: 503), and from Madagascar by Sparks, vol.560, p.548, 2002.

, UMMZ 235013, p.235014

. Fricke, Nourissat's cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mangarahara River, near Mandritsara, northeastern Madagascar, from Madagascar by Sparks (2004a: 600), from Madagascar by Sparks and Smith (2004b: 503), from Madagascar by Sparks, vol.548, pp.66-67, 1998.

, AMNH, vol.229554, issue.2

, AMNH, vol.229555, issue.3

, AMNH, vol.229562, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.236158, issue.4

, MNHN 1997-4173

, UMMZ 235205, vol.40, p.235206

, *Paretroplus petiti Pellegrin 1929-Petit's cichlid; masovoatoaka, masontoaka (Malagasy), damba (Malagasy, northwestern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Maintimaso River, Mahajanga in original description by Pellegrin (1929a: 253-255; 1929b: 941); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin, pp.117-118, 1933.

, Distribution: Endemic to northwestern Madagascar, from northwestern Madagascar by Rham (1996: 428), from Madagascar by Elouard (2001: 257), from northwestern Madagascar by Sparks (2002a: 548, 560), and from Madagascar by Sparks, p.600, 1959.

, AMNH 11707

, 351), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1914a: 112), from eastern Madagascar by Regan (1920: 421), from Maenara (Manahere), Soamianina (Soanierana) and Foizona rivers by Sauvage (1891b: 197), from Tamatave (Toamasina) by Pellegrin (1907: 202), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 60), from Madagascar by Boulenger, vol.1979, p.548, 1878.

, UMMZ 235015

, UMMZ 235016, p.235017

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

*. Paretroplus, . Stiassny, ;. Chakrabarty-&-loiselle, and . Stiassny, Distribution: Endemic to northwestern Madagascar, Tsimoly cichlid; tsimoly (Malagasy, Sakalava) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from northwestern Madagascar in original description by, vol.548, pp.34-39, 2001.

, AMNH 229556

, AMNH, vol.229557, issue.1

, AMNH 229559

, AMNH, vol.238563, issue.1

, AMNH 238564

, MNHG 2609, vol.44

, Distribution: Endemic to northern Madagascar. Freshwater, transitional water, *Ptychochromis curvidens Stiassny & Sparks 2006-Antsiranana cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Antsiranana Province, northern Madagascar by Stiassny and Sparks, p.89, 2006.

, Distribution: Endemic to eastern Madagascar, *Ptychochromis ernestmagnusi Sparks & Stiassny 2010-Magnus's cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Sparks and Stiassny, p.89, 2010.

, AMNH 249488

, MNHN 1935, p.7

, MNHN 2009-1674

, UMMZ 248823 (2 paratypes)

, 1882: 174); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 44, fig. 3, pl. 44A, fig. 5; 1891a: 441), from eastern Madagascar by Sauvage, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 59), from Madagascar by Sparks (2002a: 560), from Madagascar by Sparks (2004a: 600), from Madagascar by Sparks & Smith (2004b: 504), from eastern Madagascar by Stiassny and Sparks, p.89, 1891.

, AMNH, vol.88018, issue.4

, AMNH, vol.88053, issue.2

, AMNH, vol.88076, issue.2

, AMNH, vol.88090, issue.3

, AMNH, vol.88092

, AMNH, vol.88102

, AMNH, vol.88117, issue.18

, AMNH, vol.88140, issue.1, p.88153

, AMNH, vol.96999

, AMNH, vol.97008, issue.185

, AMNH 97012, vol.12

, AMNH, vol.97028, issue.7, p.97057

, AMNH, vol.228067, issue.3

, AMNH, issue.6, p.228072

, AMNH, vol.228074, issue.3

, AMNH, vol.231347, issue.1

, AMNH, vol.231352, issue.4

, AMNH 235518

, AMNH, issue.1, p.248791

, MNHN A, vol.310, issue.1

M. A. , , vol.7896

, UMMZ 233524, p.237312

, UMMZ 237495, p.238453

, UMMZ 238471, p.238472

, UMMZ 238476

, Ptychochromis inornatus Sparks 2002-Mahajanga cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mahajanga Province, northwestern Madagascar in original description by 257

. Fricke, 2-3); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Sparks (2004a: 600), from Madagascar by, figs. 21-22), from northwestern Madagascar by Sparks and Stiassny, p.89, 2002.

, AMNH 230746

, AMNH 230747

, UMMZ 237063 (5 paratypes

, UMMZ 237067

, *Ptychochromis insolitus Stiassny & Sparks 2006-Mahajanga cichlid; joba, juba (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mahajanga Province in original description by Stiassny and Sparks, p.90, 2006.

, Distribution: Endemic to northeastern Madagascar, *Ptychochromis loisellei Stiassny & Sparks 2006-Loiselle's cichlid; garaka (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Mahanara River, in original description by Stiassny and Sparks, p.90, 2006.

, C&S

, AMNH, vol.251904, issue.3

, Ptychochromis madagascariensis Liénard in Sauvage 1891-Madagascar cichlid; trondro (Malagasy, eastern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Itasy Lake in original description by Liénard in Sauvage (1887: pl. 48, fig. 4, pl. 44A, fig. 6; 1891a: 442); appeared previously as nomen nudum in Bleeker (1874: 84) as Tilapia madagascariensis Blkr

, Distribution: Endemic to Madagascar. Freshwater, transitional water. Madagascar material: MNHN A-7896 (2 syntypes)

*. Ptychochromis and . Martinez, Arroyave & Sparks 2015-Mainty cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) Region, southeastern Madagascar in original description by, pp.81-89, 2015.

*. Ptychochromis, &. Stiassny, and . Sparks, Makira cichlid; saroy (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Antainambalana River, subsequently reported from northeastern Madagascar by Sparks and Stiassny, p.91, 2006.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Distribution: Endemic to northeastern Madagascar. Freshwater. Madagascar material: AMNH 237131 (holotype)

*. Ptychochromis, fig.) as Tilapia oligacanthus, from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1914a: 112), from Mahambo and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 227), from eastern Madagascar by Regan (1920: 421), from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 41) as Tilapia oligacanthus, from Ambila, Tampina and Maroamalona by Pellegrin (1929a: 253), from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1929b: 940), from Sambirano River by Pellegrin (1932b: 226), from various localities by Pellegrin (1932c: 293), from Madagascar by Pellegrin, Sambirano cichlid; tsipoy, saroy (Malagasy), joba (Malagasy, northwestern Madagascar) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Sambirano River and Nosy Be in original description by Bleeker, vol.1874, p.428, 1868.

P. Oligacanthus, P. Nossibeensis, . Madagascar, and . Elouard, from Madagascar by Sparks (2002a: 560), from Madagascar by Sparks (2004a: 600), from Madagascar by Sparks and Smith (2004b: 504), from Madagascar by Stiassny and Sparks, vol.258, p.47, 2001.

, AMNH, vol.18841, issue.1, p.58491

, AMNH, vol.215522, issue.4

, AMNH 215523

, AMNH, issue.3, p.230699

, AMNH, issue.1, p.232399

, AMNH, vol.232415, issue.3

, MNHN 1966, pp.1966-1071

, UMMZ 237493, p.237494

, UMMZ, issue.6, p.237496

, UMMZ 237497, p.237499

*. Ptychochromis, &. Stiassny, and . Sparks, Onilahy cichlid; boramany, kotro (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Toliara Province, southwestern Madagascar in original description by Stiassny and Sparks, subsequently reported from southwestern Madagascar by Sparks and Stiassny, p.91, 2006.

*. Ptychochromoides, 77), from Madagascar by Catala (1979: 126), from central Madagascar by Maréchal and Gosse in Daget et, Betsileo cichlid; trondro mainty (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Betsileo Area in original description of Tilapia betsileana by Boulenger (1899: 139, fig.); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Pellegrin (1908: 59) as Ptychochromis betsileanus, from Madagascar by Boulenger, p.47, 1899.

, AMNH, vol.217763, issue.1

, MNHN 1960, p.255

*. Ptychochromoides and . Sparks, Itasy cichlid; trondro mainty (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Itasy Lake in original description by Sparks, pp.2-3, 2004.

, Antanarivo Region by Sparks and Stiassny, issue.2, p.20, 2010.

, Distribution: Endemic to Itasy Lake and Sakay River, eastern-central Madagascar. Freshwater. Madagascar material: UMMZ 243393 (holotype)

, Distribution: Endemic to southeastern Madagascar, *Ptychochromoides vondrozo Sparks & Reinthal 2001-Vondrozo cichlid Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Fianarantsoa Province in original description by Sparks and Reinthal, vol.5, p.48, 2001.

, AMNH 228488

, UMMZ, vol.235294

, Pomacentridae Bonaparte 1831

, Remarks: Records of Heliastes cinerascens (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830) from Madagascar by Sauvage 1887: pl. 28, fig. 2; 1891a: 436)

, Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228); of Pomacentrus melanochir (non Bleeker 1877) from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 41); of Amphiprion ephippium (non Bloch 1790) from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) and Vivien (1974: 428), of Amphiprion polymnus (non Linnaeus 1758) from Toliara by Fourmanoir, p.201, 1957.

, Abudefduf anabatoides (non Bleeker 1847) from Toliara by Vivien (1973: 30), vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Records of Chromis xanthochira (Bleeker 1851) and Pomacentrus arabicus Allen 1991 from Nosy Be by, Tab. S1) need verification, 2012.

. Abudefduf-natalensis-hensley-&-randall, Natal sergeant Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers (1994: 74); subsequently reported from Andavadoaka Region by Gillibrand et al. (2007: 188). Distribution: South Africa to Madagascar and western Mascarenes, Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.1, p.232485, 1983.

, AMNH 243225

, Abudefduf notatus (Day 1870)-Yellowtail sergeant Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by, Distribution: East Africa, p.188, 2007.

, Abudefduf septemfasciatus (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Banded sergeant

. Sergent-major, Distribution: South and East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands and Gambier Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230), p.77, 1957.

, MNHN 1977, p.77

, 1866: 145) as Glyphidodon coelestinus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 85) as G. coelestinus, from Antsiranana and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as G. coelestinus, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 195, fig. 136), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 365), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, Scissortail sergeant, stripetail damsel Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot, p.11, 2007.

, MNHN 1977, p.79

, MNHN 1977, p.81

, USNM, vol.307629, issue.3

, USNM, vol.307632, issue.2

, USNM, vol.371914, issue.1

, Abudefduf sordidus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Blackspot sergeant, spot damsel; sergent à tache noire (French); fitse ambohony (Malagasy, Soalara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Mahajanga by Jatzow and Lenz (1898: 518), p.261

. Fricke, 230), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 366), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, 1950c: 184) as Glyphidodon sordidus, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 196), from Toliara by Maugé, p.371996, 1950.

, 203) as Glyphidodon sparoides; subsequently reported from Sarodrano by Pellegrin (1907: 203) as Glyphidodon sparoides, from Antsiranana and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as G. sparoides, from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 196, fig. 137), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), probably from Madagascar by Allen in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 672), from Madagascar by Allen (1991: 26), from Madagascar by Fricke, Abudefduf sparoides (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)-False-eye sergeant, false-eye damsel; tsoborokodo (Malagasy, Sarodrano) Status at Madagascar: First record from Sarodrano by Pellegrin, p.11, 1907.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Distribution: Kenya south to KwaZulu-Natal, Tab. S1), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.39, 2009.

, AMNH 243257, p.243259

, MNHN 1977, p.83

, MNHN 1977, p.84

, MNHN 1977, p.85

, MNHN 1977, vol.307720, p.86

, USNM 371998 (4), USNM, vol.399847, issue.12

, ) as A. saxatilis (non Linnaeus 1758), from Madagascar by Smith (1960b: 332) as A. bengalensis (non Bloch 1787), from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Postel (1965: 404) as A. saxatilis (non Linnaeus 1758), from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 139) as A. saxatilis (non Linnaeus 1758), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as A. saxatilis (non Linnaeus 1758), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, Abudefduf vaigiensis (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)-Indo-Pacific sergeant major; sergent-major d'Indo-Pacifique (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.11, 1957.

M. Sea,

, Hawaiian Islands introduction. Marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, issue.3, p.232568

, AMNH, issue.7, p.243226

, MNHN 1966, p.762

, USNM, vol.307630, issue.1

, USNM, vol.364496, issue.3

, USNM, vol.364499, issue.2

, USNM 372001 (2), USNM, vol.364501, issue.1

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

. Amblyglyphidodon-indicus-allen-&-randall-;-gillibrand, 188); previously reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 198, fig. 138) as Abudefduf leucogaster (non Bleeker 1847), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as Amblyglyphidodon leucogaster (non Bleeker 1847), from northwestern Madagascar by, Maldives damselfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by, p.114, 2002.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Sumatra (Indonesia). Marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, p.243217

, USNM, vol.364512, issue.6

, Remarks: Indian Ocean populations previously identified as A. leucogaster (non Bleeker 1847) are referable to A. indicus according to Allen and Randall, 2002.

, 230); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Allen (1975: 80), from Nosy Be by Allen (1991: 35), from Madagascar by Fautin and Allen (1992: 60), from Madagascar by Debelius (1999: 160; 2001: 160), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, Amphiprion akallopisos Bleeker 1853-Skunk clownfish; poisson-clown mouflette (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.243216, 1967.

, AMNH, vol.243222, issue.1

, USNM 204267

, 78); previously reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 201, fig. 141) as A. bicinctus (non Rüppell 1830), and from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.91, 1963.

, Amphiprion chrysogaster Bleeker 1853-Mauritian anemonefish; poisson-clown de Maurice (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.78, 1996.

, Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues (Mascarenes). Marine. Madagascar material: USNM 204297

, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Allen (1991: 44), from Madagascar by Fautin and Allen (1992: 84), from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers (1994: 76), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, Madagascar anemonefish; poisson-clown de Madagascar (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be and Toliara in original description by Allen, vol.1975, p.188, 1972.

, USNM 171072

, Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.114, 2005.

. Hubert, Distribution: Seychelles, Madagascar, Mascarenes and Maldives east to Tuamotu Archipelago and Gambier islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Rapa, Tab. S1), p.243215, 2012.

, AMNH, vol.243224, issue.2

, AMNH, vol.249497, issue.1

. Chromis-fieldi-randall-&-dibattista, Fig. 31)-Western Indian Ocean chocolate dip; demoiselle bicolore (French); tsoborokodo (Malagasy, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as C. dimidiatus, 2013.

, ) as C. dimidiata (non Klunzinger 1871), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114) as C. dimidiata (non Klunzinger 1871, p.371, 1999.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, 11) as C. dimidiata (non Klunzinger 1871), from Madagascar by, Tab. S1) as C. dimidiata (non Klunzinger 1871), from Toliara by Ramahatratra (2014: 39), and from Nosy Be by, p.78, 2007.

, Chromis lepidolepis (Bleeker 1877)-Scaly chromis Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.114, 2005.

, Figure 30. Pomacentridae, Amphiprion latifasciatus Allen, 1972.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

. Gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands, Line Islands, Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia. Marine. Chromis leucura Gilbert 1905-Whitetail chromis Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers (1994: 78); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 372), from Andavadoaka Region by, p.78, 2007.

, Distribution: Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian, Marquesas and Gambier islands

, Chromis nigroanalis Randall 1988-Kenyan chromis Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.114, 2005.

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Indonesia, p.583, 2012.

S. Chromis-nigrura, 230) as C. nigrurus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 372), from northwestern Madagascar by, Blacktail chromis Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.40, 1960.

, 230); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by, Günther in Playfair & Günther 1867)-Doublebar chromis Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.114, 1967.

. Fricke, Chromis ternatensis (Bleeker 1856)-Golden chromis, bluegreen chromis Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as C. caeruleus and C. ternatensis; subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as C. caeruleus, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 373), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, Tab. S1), from Toliara by Ramahatratra (2014: 40), and from southwestern Madagascar by, p.11, 2007.

C. Chromis-viridis,

, demoiselle bleue (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 28, fig. 1; 1891a, pp.436-437

. Gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Comoros, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, Marquesas Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Tab. S1), and from southwestern Madagascar by Jaonalison et al. (2016: 11), p.79, 1999.

, MNHN, issue.5, pp.0-8256

, 230) as C. simulans; subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, Chromis weberi Fowler & Bean 1928-Weber's chromis Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.11, 1967.

R. Chromis-xutha, Distribution: East Africa, Comoros and Madagascar east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago. Marine. Chrysiptera annulata (Peters 1855) (Fig. 32)-Footballer demoiselle Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, Buff chromis Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, p.82, 1963.

, Abudefduf annulatus; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 4, fig. 1), and from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230), as A. annulatus, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as A. annulatus, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, 262), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 374), from Andavadoaka Region by, Tab. S1), from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.22, 1986.

, USNM 298854

, USNM, vol.307726, issue.1

, USNM, vol.307735, issue.2

, Chrysiptera biocellata (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)-Twinspot damselfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950a: 460) as Glyphidodon antjerius

. Maugé, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Micronesia and Samoa, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia, 230) as Abudefduf biocellatus and A. zonatus, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as A. biocellatus, from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Postel (1965: 404), as Abudefduf zonatus, p.11, 1967.

, USNM, vol.364417, issue.3

. Chrysiptera, Surge demoiselle, blueribbon demoiselle Status at Madagascar: First record from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950a: 460) as Glyphidodon xanthozona, 1828.

, SM-IRD). Scale bar 1 cm, p.267, 1855.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 3) as Abudefduf xanthozonus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as Abudefduf xanthozonus, from Madagascar by Fricke, ) as C. leucopoma (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and, pp.375-376, 1999.

A. , ) as C. leucopoma (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830, p.39, 2005.

A. Madagascar, 17), and from southwestern Madagascar by Jaonalison et, p.11, 2015.

, USNM, vol.307731, issue.3

C. Glauca, 3); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230), as Abudefduf glaucus, from Madagascar by Fricke, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Grey demoiselle, blue damsel Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, p.79, 1964.

, USNM 364005 (100)

C. Unimaculata, Onespot demoiselle; demoiselle à une tache (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Allen and Randall (1991: 45); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 376), from Andavadoaka Region by, Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830, p.22, 2007.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Fiji and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia)

, USNM, vol.307667, issue.2

, USNM, vol.307682, issue.3, p.307687

, whitetail dascyllus; demoiselle à queue blanche (French); bemaso (Malagasy, Anakao) Status at Madagascar: New record of this taxon from Madagascar; also reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 145) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), by Bleeker (1874: 85) as Tetradrachmum aruanum (non Linnaeus 1758), from Toliara by Angot (1950b: 141) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Anakao by Angot (1950c: 184) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 201, fig. 142) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Madagascar by Randall and Allen (1977: 356) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758); from Madagascar by, Dascyllus abudafur (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775) (Fig. 33)-Indian Ocan humbug dascyllus, zebra humbug, pp.376-378, 1991.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, 2010: 218) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Madagascar by, ) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Nosy Be by Hubert et al. (2012: Tab. S1) as D. aruanus (non Linnaeus 1758), from Toliara by Ramahatratra, vol.3, p.39, 2007.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Sunda Islands (Indonesia)

, AMNH 243149, p.243209

, MNHN 1977, p.91

, USNM 207844

, USNM 207881, p.207885

, ) as D. marginatus (non Rüppell 1829), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as D. marginatus (non Rüppell 1829) and D. reticulatus (non Richardson 1846), and from Toliara by Vivien 1974: 428 as D. reticulatus (non Richardson 1846); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 378), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, Dascyllus carneus Fischer 1885-Twobar humbug, cloudy dascyllus; fitse (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.80, 1957.

. Dascyllus, Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 201, fig. 143); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Randall and Figure 33. Pomacentridae, Dascyllus abudafur (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)

. Fricke, 114), from Andavadoaka Region by, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Allen, p.11, 1977.

, USNM 207846

, USNM 207893

, Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as G. melas; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 198-199, fig. 139) as Abudefduf melas, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as A. melas and A. melanopus, from Toliara by Vivien (1973: 30) as A. xanthurus (non Bleeker 1853), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 115), from Andavadoaka Region by, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Bowtie damselfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by, p.80, 2007.

, Neopomacentrus cyanomos (Bleeker 1856) (Fig. 34)-Regal demoiselle Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.115, 2005.

. Hubert, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and Vanuatu, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia) and New Caledonia; invasive in western Atlantic, Tab. S1), 2012.

, USNM 298888 (15), USNM, vol.363809

. Neopomacentrus, 230) as A. fuliginosus; also reported from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950a: 460) as Glyphidodon bankieri (non Richardson 1846), from Madagascar by Smith (1960b: 334) as Abudefduf bankieri (non Richardson 1846), from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 3) as Abudefduf bankieri, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 379), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 115), and from southwestern Madagascar by, Distribution: East Africa to Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes). Marine. Neopomacentrus sororius Randall & Allen 2005-Twin demoiselle Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be and Nosy Tanikely in original description by Randall and Allen, p.115, 1960.

N. , Tab. S1) as as N. azysron (non Bleeker 1877), from southwestern Madagascar by, ) as N. azysron (non Bleeker 1877, p.11, 2012.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar
URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01907117

, MNHN 1965-0200

P. Dickii, Liénard 1839)-Narrowbar damsel, Dick's damsel, blackbar devil

. Dick, 3) as Abudefduf dicki; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 230) as Abudefduf dicki, from Madagascar by Fricke, from Madagascar by Fricke et al. (2009: 80), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.243213, 1964.

, Distribution: South and East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Minami-tori-shima, Hawaiian Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Marine. Plectroglyphidodon johnstonianus Fowler & Ball 1924-Johnston Island damselfish Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, Brighteye damselfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.251434, 2005.

, 230) as Abudefduf lacrymatus; subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 115), from Andavadoaka Region by, Plectroglyphidodon lacrymatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)-White-spotted devil; bouteur perlée (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.22, 1967.

, AMNH, issue.7, p.243155

, AMNH, vol.243164, issue.2

, AMNH 243214 (8), vol.243220

, AMNH, issue.8, p.243221

, USNM 297394 (1), USNM, vol.363852, issue.5

, Singlebar devil Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 197) as Abudefduf leucozona

, 3), from Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Postel (1965: 404) as Abudefduf cingulum, from Toliara by Vivien (1973: 30) as A. cingulum, from northwestern Madagascar by, vol.1, p.115, 1964.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, New South Wales, issue.3

, MNHN 1977, p.99

, USNM, vol.307650, issue.6

, USNM, vol.307734, issue.2

, 136); previously reported from Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 227) as P. littoralis (non Cuvier, Pomacentrus agassizii Bliss 1883-Creole damsel Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Allen, 1991.

. Fricke, Distribution: Éparses Islands, p.81, 1999.

. Pomacentrus-aquilus-allen-&-randall, Dark damsel Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be and Ambariode (Nosy Ambariotelo) in original description by Allen and Randall (1991: 69); previously reported from Nosy Be and Toliara by Fourmanoir, p.194, 1957.

P. , non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Crosnier (1964: 4) as P. tripunctatus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as P. tripunctatus (non Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830), from Toliara by Vivien, p.428, 1974.

A. Madagascar, Distribution: Red Sea and East Africa to Madagascar, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 115), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, vol.58, p.39, 1991.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.243254

, AMNH, issue.1, p.243255

, USNM 216477

, USNM 301403

, USNM 301405, p.301408

, USNM 301411

, USNM 301413

, USNM, vol.301449, issue.1

, USNM, vol.363604, issue.10

, ZMA, vol.114

, Distribution: Endemic to islands off northwestern Madagascar. Found on rubble bottoms at the base of a coral reef, at depths of 12-27 m, *Pomacentrus atriaxillaris Allen 2002-Black-axil damsel Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Marie Bank, Mitsio Islands, and Andavakalovo Island in original description by Allen, pp.46-49, 2002.

W. P. , , pp.32024-32025

A. Pomacentrus, Fig. 36)-Baensch's damsel Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Chesterfield Island in original description by Allen, vol.226, p.141, 1991.

. Gillibrand, Tab. S1), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.38, 2005.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Distribution: East Africa to Comoros and Madagascar

, AMNH, issue.1, p.249476

, USNM 288350

*. Pomacentrus-caeruleopunctatus-allen, Distribution: Endemic to islands off northwestern Madagascar. Found on coral rubble bottoms, at depths of 515 m, Bluespot damsel Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Marie Bank, Mitsio Islands in original description by Allen, p.115, 2002.

W. P. , , pp.32015-32018

, Pomacentrus caeruleus Quoy & Gaimard 1825-Blue pete; bouteur bleu et jaune (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, 1964.

P. , subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as P. pulcherrimus, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as P. pulcherrimus, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.39, 1999.

, USNM 298880

. Pomacentrus, 1866: 145); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 85), from Toliara by Fourmanoir (1957: 193, fig. 135), from Toliara by Maugé Figure 36. Pomacentridae, Pomacentrus baenschi Allen, Bloch 1787)-Sapphire damsel Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot, 1991.

, Marquesas Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to Kerama Islands (southern Japan), south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Islands, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, vol.3, p.11, 1967.

, USNM 298830, vol.32

, Pomacentrus sulfureus Klunzinger 1871-Sulphur damsel Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description of Pomacentrus Grandidieri by

. Steindachner, ); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as P. sulphureus, from Madagascar by Allen (1991: 159), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 384), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 115), from Andavadoaka Region by, Tab. S1), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.250680, 2007.

, NMW 70639 (2 syntypes of Pomacentrus grandidieri Steindachner 1891), USNM, vol.298906, issue.1

, ); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by, Pomacentrus trichrourus Günther in Playfair & Günther 1867-Yellowtail damsel Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.115, 1999.

. Gillibrand, Tab. S1) as P. trichourus, and from Nosy Be by, p.81, 2007.

, Distribution: Red Sea

C. Pomacentrus-trilineatus, Threeline damsel; tsigoagoaka (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Allen in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 681); previously reported from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 46, fig. 2; 1891a: 426) and Maugé, Cuvier & Valenciennes, p.230, 1967.

, Distribution: Red Sea and East Africa to Madagascar, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Allen, p.22, 1991.

, USNM 297911, p.298384

, USNM 298908

, USNM, vol.307719, issue.1, p.31143

. Pomachromis, Richardson's reef damsel Status at Madagascar: First record from southwestern Madagascar by, p.275, 1909.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar southern Japan, south to Queensland (Australia) and Loyalty Islands (New Caledonia). Marine. Stegastes limbatus (Cuvier in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1830)-Ebony gregory; fiampiady (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl, vol.46

, 27A) as P. madagascariensis, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as P. madagascariensis, from Madagascar by Allen (1991: 178), from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers (1994: 88), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.81, 1960.

. Réunion, Mauritius and Rodrigues (Mascarenes). Marine. Madagascar material: MNHN A-1996 (holotype of Pomacentrus madagascariensis Sauvage 1891)

, ) as Stegastes fasciolatus (non Ogilby 1889), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 115) as Stegastes fasciolatus (non Ogilby 1889), from Andavadoaka Region by Gillibrand et al. (2007: 188) as S. fasciolatus (non Ogilby 1889), and from Madagascar by, Indian Ocean dark damsel Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.250676, 1960.

, USNM, vol.66587, issue.4

, 231) as Pomacentrus nigricans; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Allen and Emery (1985: 24), from Madagascar by Allen and Randall (1991: 93), from Madagascar by Fricke, Stegastes nigricans (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1802)-Dusky gregory Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.82, 1967.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.243256

, MNHN 1965, p.401

, Stegastes pelicieri Allen & Emery 1985-Mauritian gregory Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, p.82, 1999.

, 227) as Pomacentrus punctatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Allen and Emery (1985: 22) as Stegastes lividus (non Forster in Bloch & Schneider 1801), from Madagascar by Fricke, Distribution: Éparses Islands, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (Mascarenes). Marine. Stegastes punctatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1825)-Blunt-snouted gregory Status at Madagascar: First record from Antsiranana by Pellegrin, vol.12, p.82, 1914.

, USNM 301521

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

. Teixeirichthys, Jordan's damsel Status at Madagascar: First record from the Banc de l'Étoile by Fourmanoir (1957: 200) as T. mossambicus. Distribution: Red Sea, Seychelles, Madagascar; northern Australia; People's Republic of China and Taiwan to southern Japan, Marine. Madagascar material: USNM, vol.307870, issue.4, 1897.

, Labridae Cuvier 1816

, 6); in fact, the record is based on Mascarene materials. The Madagascar record could not be verified. Bodianus perditio Allen 1973 was recorded from northern Madagascar by Gomon (2006: 89), based on Randall (1986: 688); however, that reference does not report the species from northern Madagascar, but from northern Mozambique instead. The Madagascar record therefore seems unsubstantiated. A record of Platyglossus miniatus (non Valenciennes, Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839) from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) is unidentifiable. A record of Oxycheilinus mentalis Rüppell 1828 from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, p.117, 2000.

, Anampses caeruleopunctatus Rüppell 1829-Bluespotted wrasse, blue-spotted tamarin

, Anakao) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 45, fig. 3; 1891a, pp.456-457

, Distribution: Red Sea, A. viridis; subsequently reported from Anakao by Angot (1950c: 185) as A. taeniatus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as A. caeruleopunctatus and A. diadematus, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.82, 1999.

, Distribution: Red Sea, Anampses lineatus Randall 1972-Lined wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 115)

, Anampses meleagrides Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840-Yellowtail tamarin; labre à queue jaune (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 393), from northwestern Madagascar by, p.115, 2005.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Samoa and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia, p.277, 2007.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Anampses twistii Bleeker 1856-Yellowbreasted wrasse; labre à poitrine jaune (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as A. twisti; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.115, 1999.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, p.82, 2007.

. Gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, Lyretail hogfish; labre lyre (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as Lepidaplois anthioides; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.83, 1832.

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther (1862: 103) as Cossyphus axillaris; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 82) as C. axillaris, from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 162), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as Lepidaplois albomaculatus and L. axillaris, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.188, 1999.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, tab. S1), and from Madagascar by Randall and Victor, p.55, 2009.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Line Islands, Marquesas Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Marshall Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales (Australia), issue.1

, Saddleback hogfish; vieille à selle noire (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as Cossyphus bilunulatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 396) as B. bilunulatus bilunulatus, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 115), from Andavadoaka Region by, tab. S1) as B. perditio (non Quoy & Gaimard 1834), and from Madagascar by Randall and Victor, p.55, 2007.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, Bodianus bimaculatus Allen 1973-Twospot hogfish; labre à deux taches (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Gomon, p.83, 2006.

, Mascarenes); eastern Indonesia east to Palau and New Guinea, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia and northern New Zealand

. , 114); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as Lepidaplois diana, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 101), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 397), from northwestern Madagascar by, ) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.83, 1957.

, Black-banded hogfish; labre brassard (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description of Labrus rubro lineatus by Lacepède, subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as Lepidaplois hirsutus, and from Madagascar by, vol.1801, p.85, 2006.

, Blackspot hogfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by Guichenot, pp.282-283, 1847.

, Distribution: Red Sea and East Africa to Comoros, Madagascar and western Mascarenes, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, vol.32, p.83, 1999.

, MNHN A, vol.8272, issue.1

. Bodianus, Fourline hogfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as Lepidaplois luteopunctatus. Distribution: Red Sea, 1934.

, Floral wrasse; vieille tachetée (French); varokoke (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as C. punctatus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 84) as C. punctatus, from southwestern Madagascar by Angot (1950c: 185) as C. punctatus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231), from Toliara by Vivien, p.428, 1791.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Distribution: South and East Africa, Éparses Islands, Seychelles and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, Marquesas and Gambier islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, p.279, 1999.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar (Australia), Elizabeth and Middleton reefs, New Caledonia and Rapa. Marine. Madagascar material: MNHN A-8277 (2 syntypes of Cheilinus punctulatus Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840)

, AMNH, issue.1, p.245641

, MNHN 1965-0423

, Red-breasted wrasse; vieille rayée (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be and Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 228); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 180, fig. 126), from Madagascar by Fricke, Cheilinus fasciatus, pp.401-402, 1791.

C. Fasciatus, Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Marshall Islands, Samoa and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Tab. S1), p.84, 2005.

, MNHN 1999, p.79

, Distribution: East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marquesas and Gambier islands, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Cheilinus oxycephalus Bleeker 1853-Snooty wrasse; vieille à bec pointu (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.84, 1957.

. Cheilinus-trilobatus-lacepède, from Madagascar by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes (1839: 437) as Julis trilobatus, from Madagascar by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes (1840: 85) as Cheilinus trilobatus, from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147), from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 84), from Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 202), from Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 228), from Antseraka by Angot (1950c: 185), from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 179, fig. 125), from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir, vol.537, p.84, 1824.

, MNHN 2002

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan, south to northern Australia and New Caledonia; waifs at Hawaiian Islands. Marine. Cheilio inermis (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Cigar wrasse; longue girelle (French); ambontsy (Malagasy), taraby (Malagasy, Nosy Be) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 185); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 160), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by, Cheilinus undulatus Rüppell 1835-Humphead wrasse; Napoléon (French); tabaka, bahomby, andaso (Malagasy), baomby (Malagasy, Nosy Iranja) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Iranja by Fourmanoir, p.84, 1957.

, AMNH, vol.245622, issue.1

, AMNH, issue.1, p.245623

, AMNH 251521 (1), CAS, vol.35076, issue.1

, Choerodon gymnogenys (Günther in Playfair & Günther 1867)-Purple-lined wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Mitsio Islands by Fourmanoir and Crosnier, p.23, 1964.

, Choerodon robustus (Günther 1862)-Robust tuskfish; maldague robuste (French) Status at Madagascar: New record from off southern Madagascar, based on MNHN material. Distribution: Red Sea

. Taiwan-to-southern-japan,

S. Cirrhilabrus, Exquisite wrasse Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Nosy Be in original description by Smith (1957b: 110); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Randall and Shen (1978: 17), and from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 116). Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Line and Tuamotu islands, 1957.

. Coris-aygula-lacepède, , p.281

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 185); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, fig. 123) as C. angulata, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.116, 1957.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, Line Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to northwestern Australia, Kermadec Islands and Rapa, p.84, 2007.

, 231); subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Fricke, Coris caudimacula (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)-Spottail coris; girelle à tache caudale (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.85, 1967.

, USNM, vol.307481, issue.7, p.185944

C. Cuvieri, Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as C. africana; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 406) as C. africana, from Toliara by Randall (1999a: 26), from northwestern Madagascar by, vol.1, p.85, 1831.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Andaman Sea and Indonesia

C. Formosa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to western Indonesia. Marine. Cymolutes praetextatus (Quoy & Gaimard 1834)-Knife wrasse, knife razorfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as C. lecluse (non Quoy & Gaimard 1824) and C. praetextatus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 410), and from Madagascar by, Queen coris; girelle reine (French); lémé tsona (Malagasy, Nosy Be) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Angot (1950b: 136); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 185), from Toliara by Maugé, vol.35077, p.85, 1830.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and New Caledonia, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, Cymolutes torquatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840) (Fig. 37)-Finescale razorfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231)

, 231); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, Epibulus insidiator (Pallas [ex Schlosser] 1770)-Slingjaw wrasse; epibule gourami (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.85, 1967.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.243082

, MNHN 1965, p.154

. Gomphosus-caeruleus-lacepède, 117 bis) as G. coeruleus and G. varius (non Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801); previously reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as G. fuscus (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840), by Bleeker (1874: 82) as Gomphosus varius (non Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1963a: 91, pl. 4 B), from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 138) as G. coeruleus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as G. coeruleus, G. tricolor (non Quoy & Gaimard 1824) and G. varius (non Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801), from Madagascar by Fricke, ) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir, p.85, 1957.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Andaman Sea and western Indonesia, Marine. Madagascar material: AMNH, issue.1, p.243138

, AMNH, vol.243114, issue.2

, MNHN B-1202, issue.1

, USNM, vol.307499, issue.4

, Figure 37. Labridae, Cymolutes torquatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840), p.1

, Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.116, 2005.

, Tab. S1). Distribution: South and East Africa, 2012.

, Checkerboard wrasse; lalo damier (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description of Labrus centiquadrus by Lacepède, pp.168-169, 1957.

, and Mascarenes east to Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, as H. centriquadrus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231, 232) as H. centriquadrus and H. hortulanus, from Madagascar by Randall and Smith (1982: 4), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.85, 1999.

, AMNH 248942, p.248977

, MNHN 1893, p.121

, USNM, vol.307488, issue.1

, Halichoeres iridis Randall & Smith 1982-Rainbow wrasse Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Toliara in original description by, p.17, 1982.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa to Seychelles, Madagascar, western Mascarenes and Chagos Archipelago, from Madagascar by Randall, p.85, 1986.

, Figure 38. Labridae, Halichoeres cosmetus Randall & Smith, 1982.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

. Halichoeres, 86); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as H. marginatus (non Rüppell 1835) and H. notopsis, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as H. marginatus (non Rüppell 1835), from Madagascar by Fricke, Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839)-Indian Ocean dusky wrasse; girelle arcen-ciel (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, p.116, 1999.

, Mascarenes and Seychelles east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago, Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.1, p.243135

, AMNH, vol.243144, issue.1

, AMNH, issue.1, p.243145

, AMNH, issue.1, p.248983

, AMNH 248987

, ); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 695), from Madagascar by Randall (1995: 279), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 415), and from Madagascar by, Halichoeres lapillus Smith 1947-Jewelled wrasse; girelle à petits cailloux (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Randall and Smith, p.86, 1982.

, SAIAB, vol.837, issue.1

, 42); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as H. margaritaceus (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839) and H. kawarin (non Bleeker 1852), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as H. margaritaceus (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839) and H. kawarin (non Bleeker 1852), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 417), from northwestern Madagascar by, Halichoeres nebulosus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839)-Nebulous wrasse; girelle nébuleuse (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fowler, p.248951, 1923.

, AMNH, vol.248978, issue.1, p.248979

, USNM, vol.307489, issue.1

, ) as H. dianthus and H. nigrescens; subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by, Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801) (Fig. 39)-Bubblefin wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.116, 1967.

, Zigzag wrasse; girelle en arc-en-ciel (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 169); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.285, 1832.

. Fricke, Distribution: Red Sea, Tab. S1), p.86, 2007.

, USNM, vol.307524, issue.6

, Halichoeres trispilus Randall & Smith 1982-Triplespot wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 116). Distribution: East Africa

, Halichoeres zeylonicus (Bennett 1833)-Indian Ocean circle-cheek wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir, p.138, 1967.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to western Indonesia, p.116, 2005.

, ); subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 167, fig. 118), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 419), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 116), from Andavadoaka Region by, Hemigymnus fasciatus (Bloch 1792)-Barred thicklip wrasse; tamarin à bandes noires (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar in original description of Labrus fuliginosus by Lacepède, vol.493, p.86, 1801.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, New South Wales, issue.1

, MNHN B-2130 (holotype of Labrus fuliginosus Lacepède 1801)

, Figure 39. Labridae, Halichoeres nigrescens (Bloch & Schneider 1801)

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, ) as H. melapeterus [sic], from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 420), from northwestern Madagascar by, Ring wrasse; tamarin vert (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Antsiranana by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as H. melanopterus; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.86, 1791.

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Iranja by Fourmanoir (1957: 175) as H. semidiscus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as H. semidiscus, from Madagascar by Fricke, S1). Distribution: Red Sea, p.86, 1999.

, Hologymnosus doliatus (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Longface wrasse, pastel ringwrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.116, 2005.

. Gillibrand, Lord Howe Island and Rapa. Marine. Iniistius griffithsi Randall 2007-Griffith's razorfish Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Loky Bay, in original description by Randall, pp.2-3, 2007.

, 177) as Hemipteronotus spilonotus (non Bleeker 1857). Distribution: Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes), Banc du Leven by Fourmanoir, 1957.

. Iniistius, Blue razorfish; rason paon (French); vao (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 45, fig. 2; 1891a: 461) as Novacula (Hemipteronotus) immaculata; subsequently reported from Banc du Leven by Fourmanoir (1957: 177, fig. 124) as Hemitripterus spilonotus (non Bleeker 1857), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232), from Madagascar by Fricke, Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840, p.87, 1999.

, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Mexico (eastern Pacific), north to southern Japan, Ogasawara and Hawaiian islands, south to New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Society Islands, p.287

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar material: MNHN A-8254

, Iniistius pentadactylus (Linnaeus 1758)-Fingerprint razorfish; rason ocelé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 83) as Hemipteronotus pentadactylus

, subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, pp.448-449, 1999.

, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Philippines, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Queensland (Australia), as Xyrichtys pentadactylus. Distribution: Red, p.245619

. Labrichthys, Distribution: East Africa, Aldabra, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Society Islands, Tubelip wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.116, 1847.

. Gillibrand, Distribution: South and East Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Pitcairn Group, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Austral Islands. Marine. Labroides dimidiatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839)-Bluestreak cleaner wrasse; poisson nettoyeur commun (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 173, fig. 122) as Fissilabrus dimidiatus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 423), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 117), from Andavadoaka Region by, Labroides bicolor Fowler & Bean 1928-Bicoloured cleaner wrasse; poisson nettoyeur bicolore (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.87, 1999.

, AMNH, vol.248954, issue.1

, MNHN 1965, p.417

, USNM, vol.307507, issue.1

R. Labropsis-xanthonota, Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Micronesia, Samoa and Tonga, north to Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Australia and Loyalty Islands, Yellowback tubelip Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 117), 1981.

, Macropharyngodon bipartitus Smith 1957-Vermiculate wrasse, divided wrasse; girelle diamant (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by, subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 117), and from Nosy Be by Hubert et 288 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2007.

, Tab. S1) as M. bipartitus bipartitus. Distribution: East Africa, Seychelles and Mascarenes east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago, 2012.

R. Macropharyngodon, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and Madagascar to Réunion and Mauritius, Bluespotted wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 117), 1978.

R. Macropharyngodon-vivienae, 764, fig. 6); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 699), from Toliara by Parenti and Randall (2000: 30), and from northwestern Madagascar by, Madagascar wrasse Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Toliara in original description by Randall, p.117, 1978.

, Novaculichthys taeniourus (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Rockmover wrasse

, Toliara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar in original description of Sparus brachion by Lacepède

. Lacepède, from Madagascar by Valenciennes [ex Commerson] in Cuvier and Valenciennes 1840: 57) as Xyrichthys taeniurus; previously reported without stated locality in original description as Labrus taeniourus by Lacepède [ex Commerson] (1801: 448, 518, 519, pl. 29, fig. 1); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as X. taeniurus, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 83) as N. taeniurus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 202) as Novacula taeniura, from Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 185) as Novacula taeniurus, from Madagascar by Bauchot (1963a: 92), from northwestern Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1963a: pl. 5 C) as N. taeniurus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232), from Madagascar by, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.87, 1997.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Galapagos Islands and Panama (eastern Pacific), north to southern Japan and Hawaiian Islands, south to New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Tuamotu Archipelago. Marine. Madagascar material: MNHN B-2145 (holotype of Sparus brachion Lacepède

. Novaculoides, ) as Novaculichthys macrolepidotus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as Novaculichthys macrolepidotus, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as Novaculichthys macrolepidotus, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 425) as Novaculichthys macrolepidotus, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 117) as Novaculichthys macrolepidotus, and from Andavadoaka Region by, Seagrass wrasse; fiampihahy (Malagasy, Nosy Be) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.188, 1791.

. Fricke, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Philippines, New Guinea and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Lord Howe Island and New Caledonia, Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.1, p.245624

, Oxycheilinus arenatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840)-Speckled maori wrasse; vieille maori pointillée (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 426); subsequently reported from Madagascar by, p.88, 2009.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to Philippines, Taiwan and Mariana Islands

, 231) as Cheilinus bimaculatus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as C. bimaculatus, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 426), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 117), and from Madagascar by, Oxycheilinus bimaculatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840)-Two-spot wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.88, 1967.

, Oxycheilinus digramma (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Cheek-lined wrasse, bandcheek wrasse

. Andasao and . Malagasy, Antseraka) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, vol.1840, p.100

, ) as O. diagrammus, from Andavadoaka Region by, as Cheilinus diagrammus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as C. diagramma, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 84) as C. radiatus, from Nosy Be by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as C. radiatus, from Antseraka by Angot (1950c: 185) as C. radiatus, from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, vol.1, p.88, 1957.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Gambier Islands, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia, New Caledonia and Tonga. Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.1, p.231399

, Paracheilinus hemitaeniatus Randall & Harmelin-Vivien 1977-Half-banded flasher wrasse Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Toliara in original description by Randall and Harmelin-Vivien, p.54, 1977.

. Pseudocheilinus, subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 232) as P. evanidus (non Jordan & Evermann 1903), and from northwestern 290 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1999.

, ) as P. evanidus (non Jordan & Evermann, p.117, 1903.

, 12, fig. 5) as Cossyphus echis; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 84), from western Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl. 41A, fig. 2; 1891a: 455), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 428), from Chesterfield Island by Randall (1999b: 21), from northwestern Madagascar by, Distribution: Madagascar and western Mascarenes. Marine. Pseudocheilinus hexataenia (Bleeker 1857)-Sixstripe wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot, p.117, 1869.

, AMNH, issue.1, p.251561

F. Madagascar-by-fricke, and Chagos Archipelago east to Marshall Islands and Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Kermadec Islands. Marine. Pseudodax moluccanus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840) (Fig. 40)-Chiseltooth wrasse; vieille ciseau (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 429); subsequently reported from northwestern Madagascar by, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa to Seychelles, Madagascar, Réunion and Mauritius (western Mascarenes), and Chagos Archipelago. Marine. Pseudocoris yamashiroi, p.88, 1931.

C. Pseudojuloides-polackorum, Victor & Randall 2015-Polack's wrasse Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description by, p.53, 2015.

, 65) as Pseudojuloides cerasinus, p.291, 1981.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 429) as Pseudojuloides cerasinus (non Snyder 1904), and from northwestern Madagascar by, 117) as Pseudojuloides ceracinus, 2005.

, Distribution: South Africa and Mozambique to Madagascar

, BPBM, vol.17937, issue.1

, Remarks: This species replaces P. cerasinus (Snyder 1904) in the southwestern Indian Ocean. Pteragogus cryptus Randall 1981-Cryptic wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.117, 2005.

, Pteragogus flagellifer (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839)-Cocktail wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950a: 459) as Duymaeria coeruleomaculata; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 170, fig. 121) as Duymaeria flagellifera, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 231) as D. flagellifera, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as D. flagellifera, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 430), and from northwestern Madagascar by, p.117, 2005.

, USNM, vol.307508, issue.1

, Pteragogus pelycus Randall 1981-Sideburn wrasse

, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa to Seychelles, Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar in original description by Randall (1981a: 83); also reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 171) as P. opercularis, from Toliara by Maugé, p.88, 1967.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

, Pteragogus taeniops (Peters 1855)-Cheekbar wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.117, 2005.

, Distribution: KwaZulu-Natal (South Africa) and East Africa to Comoros and Madagascar. Marine. Stethojulis albovittata (Bonnaterre [ex Koelreuther] 1788) (Fig. 41)-Bluelined wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Günther (1862: 141); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 82), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233) as S. albovittata and S. phekadopleura (non Bleeker 1849), subsequently reported from Madagascar by Randall (2013a: 39)

. Madagascar-by-fricke, and Mascarenes east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago, possibly Sri Lanka and east to Indonesia, from Nosy Be and Toliara by Randall, p.89, 1999.

, ANSP, vol.136234, issue.5, p.28468

, Stethojulis interrupta (Bleeker 1851)-Cutribbon wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233); subsequently reported from Toliara by

. Vivien, ) as S. kalosoma, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), and from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, p.117, 1973.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East and South Africa and Madagascar east to Philippines and Solomon Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Australia, Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.3, p.248945

, AMNH, vol.248947, issue.3

, Toliara) as S. axillaris (non Quoy & Gaimard 1824); subsequently reported from Toliara by Fourmanoir (1957: 172), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233), and from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as S. axillaris (non Quoy & Gaimard 1824) and S. strigiventer, from Madagascar by Fricke, Stethojulis strigiventer (Bennett 1833)-Three-ribbon wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Soalara Reef by Angot (1950a: 459) as Stethojulis Renardi; also reported from Madagascar by Günther (1862: 142) as S. axillaris (non Quoy & Gaimard 1824), from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 82) as S. axillaris (non Quoy & Gaimard 1824), and from Madagascar by Maugé, p.293, 1967.

. Fricke, and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago and Gambier Islands, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Randall, p.89, 2000.

, AMNH, vol.245620, issue.1

, ANSP, vol.35078, issue.38, p.136163

, MNHN 1989, p.183

, USNM, vol.307490, issue.2, p.307493

, Twotone wrasse, blunthead wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233) as T. amblycephalus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé, p.248948, 1856.

, though localities were not mentioned in that description; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Randall in Smith and Heemstra (1986: 704), from Madagascar by Fricke, Thalassoma genivittatum (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1839)-Redcheek wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar based on the original description of Julis commersoni by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, p.89, 1839.

. Mnhn-b-2159,

. Thalassoma-hardwicke, and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Lord Howe Island, Sixbar wrasse; girelle à six bandes (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.89, 1830.

, MNHN A-9192, issue.1

. Thalassoma, Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Goldbar wrasse; fitse (Malagasy, Nosy Be) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, vol.1839, p.425

, 1866: 146) as J. hebraicus, from Madagascar by Günther (1862: 186) as J. hebraica, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 82) as J. hebraica, from Mahambo by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as J. hebraica, from Toliara by Angot (1950b: 140) as Labrus hebraicus, as Julis hebraicus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, from Nosy Be by Angot (1950c: 185) as Julis hebraïca, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.117, 1999.

. Andavadoaka-region-by-gillibrand, and western Mascarenes east to Maldives and Chagos Archipelago, Tab. S1), p.243105, 2007.

, AMNH 243133

, MNHN A-9178, issue.1

, MNHN 1965, p.421

, MNHN 1999, p.195

. Thalassoma-lunare, Linnaeus 1758)-Moon wrasse; girelle verte (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as Julis lunaris

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa and Madagascar east to Line Islands, Tuamotu Archipelago and Gambier Islands, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 138), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen, p.188, 2005.

, AMNH, issue.1, pp.1966-0825

, and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian Islands, Marquesas Islands and Easter Island, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to New Caledonia, Lord Howe Island and Kermadec Islands, Thalassoma purpureum (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Surge wrasse; girelle hublot (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as Julis umbrostigma; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir and Postel, p.89, 1965.

, Distribution: East and South Africa and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands and Easter Island, north to southern Japan, south to Western Australia, Lord Howe Island, New Caledonia and Tonga. Marine. Thalassoma trilobatum (Lacepède [ex Commerson] 1801)-Ladder wrasse, Christmas wrasse; girelle de Noël (French) Status at Madagascar: Recorded from Madagascar in original description of Labrus fuscus by Lacepède [ex Commerson] (1801: 437, 493, 499); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 146) as Julis trilobatus, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 83) as J. trilobata; subsequently reported from Andavadoaka Region by, Fivestripe wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Vivien (1973: 30) as T. quinquevittata, p.295, 2007.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar Wetmorella albofasciata Schultz & Marshall 1954-Whitebanded sharpnose wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Andavadoaka Region by, p.188, 2007.

. Wetmorella, ) as W. philippina; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Randall (1983: 881), and from Nosy Be by, Sharpnose wrasse Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.233, 1901.

, Scaridae Rafinesque 1810

, Records of Pseudoscarus collana (non Rüppell 1835), of P. singaporensis (non Bleeker 1852) and of P. xanthopleura (non Bleeker 1853) from Soalara by Angot (1950c: 185), and of Xanothon pentazona (non Bleeker 1861) from Toliara by Maugé, p.234, 1967.

, Christmas parrotfish, bucktooth parrotfish; perroquet des Carolines (French); fihambazaha, kongotry, bodolaha (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 102); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, Calotomus carolinus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840)-Stareye parrotfish, p.38, 1999.

, FISHTAXA, vol.3, issue.1, pp.1-432, 2018.

. , Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 189, fig. 132) as Cryptotomus spinidens; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234) as Cryptotomus spinidens, from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428) as Cryptotomus spinidens, Calotomus spinidens (Quoy & Gaimard 1824, p.18, 1985.

, Distribution: East Africa and Madagascar east to Micronesia, Fiji and Tonga, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to northern Australia

, USNM 201505

, Cetoscarus ocellatus (Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840)-Red-speckled parrotfish

. Fricke, 90); subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233) as C. bicolor (non Rüppell 1829) and C. pulchellus (non Rüppell 1835), from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 103), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 451) as C. bicolor (non Rüppell 1829), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 117) as C. bicolor (non Rüppell 1829), from Andavadoaka Region by Gillibrand et al. (2007: 188) as C. bicolor (non Rüppell 1829), from Nosy Be by, fiambazaha, kongotry (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by, 2009.

. Bruce, Bluemoon parrotfish Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar 1983 from Madagascar by Lieske and Myers, p.107, 1983.

, Distribution: East and South Africa to Madagascar, Marine. Material: AMNH, issue.2, p.243106, 2005.

, French); kongotry (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Sauvage (1887: pl, vol.46, pp.469-470

, Distribution: East and South Africa to Madagascar, and Mauritius and Rodrigues (Mascarenes). Marine. Chlorurus sordidus (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Bullethead parrotfish, daisy parrotfish, from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 117), and from Andavadoaka Region by, p.188, 1986.

, Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 187), from Toliara by Maugé, p.234, 1967.

X. Xanothon-bipallidus, X. Erythrodon, . Margaritus, and . From-madagascar-by-fricke-;-gillibrand, Distribution: Red Sea, Tab. S1), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.37, 1999.

, AMNH, vol.251620, issue.1, p.202404

, USNM 202410

, 188) as Callyodon microcheilus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Smith (1956a: 16) as Callyodon strongylocephalus, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233, 234) as C. microcheilus, C. gibbus (non Rüppell 1829), C. strongylocephalus and C. microrhinus (non Bleeker 1854), from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 454), from Madagascar by, Chlorurus strongylocephalus (Bleeker 1855)-Steephead parrotfish; poisson-perroquet bleu (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, p.90, 1957.

, Hipposcarus harid (Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775)-Indian Ocean longnose parrotfish; perroquet pandelamoa (French); fiambazaha, kongotry (Malagasy) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Valenciennes in Cuvier and Valenciennes, vol.1840, p.249

, as Scarus harid; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as Pseudoscarus (Scarus) harid, from Madagascar by Bleeker (1874: 81) as Pseudoscarus harid, from Soalara by Angot (1950c: 185) as Pseudoscarus harid, from Madagascar by Smith (1956a: 18), from Toliara by Maugé, p.234, 1967.

, Distribution: Red Sea, from Madagascar by Fricke, p.91, 1984.

, Seagrass parrotfish; perroquet marbré (French); fiantsaka (Malagasy, Anakao) Status at Madagascar: First record from Soalara and Anakao by Angot (1950c: 185) as Scarichthys auritus and S. caeruleopunctatus; subsequently reported from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 189), from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234), from Toliara by Vivien (1974: 428), from Nosy Be and Toliara by, from Toliara by Laroche and Ramananarivo (1995: 196), from Madagascar by Fricke, p.456, 1985.

. Madagascar-by-fricke, Distribution: Red Sea, 91), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.38, 2009.

, USNM 201535

. Scarus, Günther 1862)-Tail-barred parrotfish; perroquet à bandes rouges (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Fricke, vol.3, pp.1-432, 1999.

, Distribution: Red Sea, East Africa, Amirantes, Madagascar and western Mascarenes east to Maldives and Andaman Sea, 91), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.38, 2005.

, USNM 203644

, Greenbelly parrotfish; perroquet faucille (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233) as Callyodon falcipinnis and C. improvisus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 456), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 118), and from Madagascar by, Distribution: East Africa, p.91, 2009.

, Scarus festivus Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840-Lunate parrotfish; perroquet fete (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, p.118, 2005.

. Gillibrand, Distribution: East and South Africa, Mauritius (Mascarenes) and Chagos Archipelago east to Marshall and Gambier islands, north to southern Japan, p.188, 2007.

. Scarus-frenatus-lacepède, Status at Madagascar: First record from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 187) as Callyodon frenatus; subsequently reported from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233, 234) as Callyodon upolensis, C. vermiculatus and Xanothon frenatus, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 457), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 118), from Andavadoaka Region by, from Madagascar by Fricke et al. (2009: 91), and from Toliara by Ramahatratra, p.38, 2007.

, Scarus ghobban Forsskål in Niebuhr 1775-Blue-barred parrotfish

, 1874: 81) as Pseudoscarus Dussumieri, from Antsiranana and Fort Dauphin (Tolagnaro) by Pellegrin (1914d: 228) as Pseudoscarus ghobban, from Madagascar by Fowler (1923: 42) as Callyodon ghobban, from Ambatobetanala and Soalara by Angot (1950c: 185) as Pseudoscarus pyrrosthetus and P. maculosus, from Madagascar in original description of Callyodon speigleri by Smith (1956a: 14), from Madagascar by Fourmanoir (1957: 186, fig. 130) as Callyodon guttatus, from Nosy Be by Arnoult and Fourmanoir (1967: 138) as Callyodon ghobban, and from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233) as Callyodon ghobban, from Madagascar by Bauchot and Bianchi (1984: 104, pl. 14), from Toliara by Laroche and Ramananarivo (1995: 196), from Madagascar by Fricke, fiambazaha, kongotry (Malagasy), fiambaza (Malagasy, Ambatobetanala); bodoloha (Malagasy, Soalara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Madagascar by Guichenot (1865: 48) as Pseudoscarus Dussumieri; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Guichenot (1866: 147) as Pseudoscarus (Scarus) Dussumieri, from Madagascar by Bleeker, p.37, 1999.

. Fricke, Annotated checklist of the fishes of Madagascar (eastern Pacific), north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia, New South Wales, issue.1

, MNHN 1998, p.1679

, MNHN 1999-0083

, MNHN 1999, p.85

, Distribution: East and South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Wake Atoll, Line and Gambier islands, north to Ryukyu and Ogasawara islands, south to Shark Bay, Scarus globiceps Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840-Roundhead parrotfish; perroquet globeux (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, p.243107, 1967.

. , 10C, fig. 129) as Callyodon niger, from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir (1957: 186) as Callyodon madagascariensis, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233) as C. madagascariensis and C. niger, from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 459), from Madagascar by, vol.1, p.189, 1957.

, Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to Marshall Islands and Tuamotu Archipelago, north to southern Japan and Ogasawara Islands, south to Western Australia

, ); NMW 22792 (1 syntype of Pseudoscarus madagascariensis Steindachner 1887)

, French); bodoloha (Malagasy, Soalara) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Pellegrin (1907: 202) as Pseudoscarus bataviensis; subsequently reported from Soalara by Angot (1950c: 185) as Pseudoscarus octodon, from Madagascar by Smith (1956a: 6, 7) as Xanothon bataviensis and X. oktodon, from Nosy Be by Fourmanoir, pp.187-188, 1957.

, as Callyodon oktodon, from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 234) as Xanothon carifanus, X. oktodon and X. parvidens, and from northwestern Madagascar by, p.118, 2005.

, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Hawaiian, Marquesas and Tuamotu islands, north to southern Japan, south to Shark Bay (Western Australia) and Lord Howe Island

, USNM 202524, p.202577

, Scarus rubroviolaceus Bleeker 1847-Ember parrotfish; perroquet braisé (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé (1967b: 233, 234) as Callyodon rubroviolaceus and 300 FISHTAXA, vol.3, pp.1-432, 2018.

, ) east to Panama (eastern Pacific), north to southern Japan and Hawaiian Islands, south to Western Australia, Margaritodon africanus; subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke, p.189, 1999.

, Scarus russelii Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840-Eclipse parrotfish; perroquet éclipse (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, vol.118, 2005.

S. , Madagascar and Mauritius (Mascarenes) east to western Sumatra (Indonesia). Marine. Material: AMNH 250687, p.189, 2007.

, 233) as Callyodon scaber and C. lazulinus (non Jordan & Seale 1906); previously reported from Nosy Iranja by Fourmanoir (1957: 185-186) as Callyodon oviceps (non Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840); subsequently reported from Madagascar by Fricke (1999: 461), from northwestern Madagascar by McKenna and Allen (2005: 118), from Andavadoaka Region by, Scarus scaber Valenciennes in Cuvier & Valenciennes 1840-Dusky-capped parrotfish; perroquet à cinq selles (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from Toliara by Maugé, vol.1, p.92, 1967.

, Distribution: Red Sea

, Scarus tricolor Bleeker 1847-Tricolour parrotfish; perroquet tricolore (French) Status at Madagascar: First record from northwestern Madagascar by, vol.118, 2005.

. Gillibrand, ) as S. russelli, and from Nosy Be by, vol.1