Cadmium reduces the efficiency of Sindbis virus replication in human cells and promotes their survival by inhibiting apoptosis

Abstract : Arthritogenic alphaviruses are emerging arthropod-borne viruses that occasionally cause sporadic to global outbreaks all over the world. Many environmental factors including xenobiotics have been identified as capable of influencing the spread, the susceptibility and the outcome of viral infection. Among them cadmium is a toxic non-essential heavy metal and a prevalent environmental contaminant. In the present study we evaluated the effect of cadmium exposure on alphavirus infection in vitro. We infected Human Embryonic Kidney (HEK) 293 cells in the presence of cadmium chloride (CdCl2) with Sindbis virus. Cell viability, apoptosis and viral growth were then examined. Our data show that effective doses of cadmium decreased the virus mediated-cell death by inhibition of apoptosis. Moreover, virus growth in HEK 293 cells was also reduced by CdCl2 treatment. Altogether our results demonstrate that cadmium triggers a protective response which renders HEK 293 cells resistant against Sindbis virus infection.
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Etienne Frumence, Marjolaine Roche, Pascale Guiraud. Cadmium reduces the efficiency of Sindbis virus replication in human cells and promotes their survival by inhibiting apoptosis. Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports, 2016, 8, pp.151-156. ⟨10.1016/j.bbrep.2016.08.023⟩. ⟨hal-01703050⟩

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