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Fungal Pigments: Deep into the Rainbow of Colorful Fungi

Abstract : With the impact of globalization on research trends, the search for healthier life styles, the increasing public demand for natural, organic, and " clean labelled " products, as well as the growing global market for natural colorants in economically fast-growing countries all over the world, filamentous fungi started to be investigated as readily available sources of chemically diverse pigments and colorants. For all of these reasons, this Special Issue of the Journal of Fungi highlights exciting new findings, which may pave the way for alternative and/or additional biotechnological processes for industrial applications of fungal pigments and colorants. Eight research papers and one review constitute the journal's final Special Issue. Our first target when building this project was to welcome papers on the following topics: The fungal biodiversity from terrestrial and marine origins, bringing new elements about fungi as potential sources of well-known carotenoid pigments (e.g., β-carotene, lycopene) and other specific pigmented polyketide molecules, such as Monascus and Monascus-like azaphilones, which are yet not known to be biosynthesized by any other organisms such as higher plants. These polyketide pigments also include promising and unexplored hydroxy-anthraquinoid colorants from Ascomycetous species. The investigation of biosynthetic pathways of the carotenoids and polyketide-derivative colored molecules (i.e., azaphilones, hydroxyanthraquinones, and naphthoquinones) in pigment-producing fungal species. The description of alternative greener extraction processes of the fungal colored compounds, along with current industrial applications, description of their limits and further opportunities for the use of fungal pigments in beverage, food, pharmaceutical, cosmetic, textile and painting areas.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 6, 2017 - 12:21:36 PM
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13- Dufossé et al., J. of Fu...
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Laurent Dufossé, Yanis Caro, Mireille Fouillaud. Fungal Pigments: Deep into the Rainbow of Colorful Fungi. Journal of Fungi, MDPI, 2017, 3 (3), pp.45. ⟨10.3390/jof3030045⟩. ⟨hal-01657066⟩



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