Investigating the deepest part of a volcano plumbing system: Evidence for an active magma path below the western flank of Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion Island) - Université de La Réunion Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research Year : 2017

Investigating the deepest part of a volcano plumbing system: Evidence for an active magma path below the western flank of Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion Island)

Abstract

Peripheral diffuse degassing of CO2 from the soil occurs across the western flank of Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Réunion Island, Indian Ocean) along a narrow zone. In this area, carbon isotopic analysis on soil gas samples highlights significant mixing between magmatic and organic end-members. The zones with the strongest mag- matic signature (highest δ13C) overlap spatial distribution of hypocenters recorded shortly before and during vol- cano reactivation and allow discriminating a N135° degassing lineament, with a minimum length of 11 km and 140 ± 20 m-width. Such orientation is in accordance with that of an old dyke network along the rift zone and with N120–130° and N140–155° lineaments related to the inheritance of oceanic lithosphere structures. Our findings show that this N135° lineament represents a preferential magmatic pathway for deep magma transfer below the volcano flank. Moreover, spatial distributions of recent eccentric cones indicate a well-founded possibil- ity that future eruptions may by-pass the shallow plumbing system of the central area of the volcano, taking a lat- eral pathway along this structure. Our results also confirm that Piton de la Fournaise activity is linked to a laterally shifted plumbing system and represent a major improvement in identifying the main high-risk area on the densely populated western flank of the volcano.
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Dates and versions

hal-01565713 , version 1 (20-07-2017)

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Guillaume Boudoire, Marco Liuzzo, Andrea Di Muro, Valérie Ferrazzini, Laurent Michon, et al.. Investigating the deepest part of a volcano plumbing system: Evidence for an active magma path below the western flank of Piton de la Fournaise (La Réunion Island). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, 2017, 341, pp.193-207. ⟨10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2017.05.026⟩. ⟨hal-01565713⟩
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