Structural control of collapse events inferred by self-potential mapping on the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Réunion Island)

Abstract : Field surveys were performed on the terminal cone of Piton de la Fournaise in 2006 and 2008 to precisely map the self potential (SP) signal and determine the zonation of the hydrothermal activity both on the flanks of the cone and in the summit area, including inside the Bory and Dolomieu craters. SP maps inside the craters have been performed 8 months before the 5–7 April 2007 caldera collapse. Zonations appear both at the scale of the cone and of the summit and allow new interpretation of the electrical signal distribution on the terminal cone of Piton de la Fournaise. Superimposed to the SP maxima linked to the rift-zones, several areas of SP maxima associated with collapse structures have been detected: (1) in the summit area, the Bory and Dolomieu craters show the strongest SP values with amplitudes exceeding 2 V with respect to the base of the cone, and with a sharp lateral variation to the East, corresponding to the inner boundary of the Dolomieu caldera, collapsed on 5–7 April 2007, and (2) in the paleo pit craters surrounding the summit which show amplitudes similar to the Dolomieu–Bory craters. The analysis of the variations of the signal with time evi-dences a modification of the fluid flow pattern with a higher associated SP signature to the east in 2008. We interpret the amplification of fluid flow to the east in 2008 as a consequence of the eastward motion of the eastern flank of the volcano during the April 2007 eruption. The acquisition of SP data during two periods separated by the April 2007 eruption turns out to be a good opportunity to correlate the SP signal to the Piton de la Fournaise structure and to its evolution in term of hydrothermal and eruptive activity.
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Stéphanie Barde-Cabusson, Anthony Finizola, Aline Peltier, Marie Chaput, N. Taquet, et al.. Structural control of collapse events inferred by self-potential mapping on the Piton de la Fournaise volcano (La Réunion Island). Journal of Volcanology and Geothermal Research, Elsevier, 2012, 209-210, pp.9-18. ⟨10.1016/j.jvolgeores.2011.09.014⟩. ⟨hal-01525729⟩

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