N. French, D. Astruc, and C. Strasbourg, Tasmine Akbaraly, CH Perpignan, Brigitte Auburtin, CH Epinal

A. Bedu, C. Limoges-;-faouzi, . Benababdelmalek, . Ch-nevers-amandine-blasquez, . Ch-libourne-;-farid et al.,

D. De-luca, A. Béclère, and -. Sud,

C. Dillenseger and C. Strasbourg,

M. Françoise, . Ch-chalon-sur-saône-;-julie-guerreiro, C. Hodonou, . Périgueux-;-khaled-husseini, and . Chu-poitiers-bayonne, CHIC

S. Klosowski, C. Lens-;-laura-kollen, C. Ch-perpignan-;-davi-komlan, and . Cayenne,

A. Menguy, C. Ch-perpignan-;-myriam-mirc, M. André-gregoire, A. Mokraoui, -. Béclère et al.,

D. Ramful and . Chu-la-réunion,

O. Romain, A. Béclère, -. Rousseau, . Ch-roubaix-denis-semama, . Chu-dijon-amélie et al., The collaborators have no conflict of interest, funding sources, and industry-relation to report

, Author details 1

C. Centre-d-'etudes-périnatales-de-l-'océan-indien and . Pierre, BP 350 97448 Saint Pierre Cedex

, References

R. Clark, P. Thomas, and J. Peabody, Extrauterine Growth Restriction Remains a Serious Problem in Prematurely Born Neonates, PEDIATRICS, vol.111, issue.5, pp.986-90, 2003.
DOI : 10.1542/peds.111.5.986

N. Embleton, N. Pang, and R. Cooke, Postnatal Malnutrition and Growth Retardation: An Inevitable Consequence of Current Recommendations in Preterm Infants?, PEDIATRICS, vol.107, issue.2, pp.270-273, 2001.
DOI : 10.1542/peds.107.2.270

I. Olsen, D. Richardson, C. Schmid, L. Ausman, and J. Dwyer, Intersite Differences in Weight Growth Velocity of Extremely Premature Infants, PEDIATRICS, vol.110, issue.6, pp.1125-1157, 2002.
DOI : 10.1542/peds.110.6.1125

A. Lapillonne and E. Kermorvant-duchemin, A Systematic Review of Practice Surveys on Parenteral Nutrition for Preterm Infants, The Journal of Nutrition, vol.96, issue.Suppl 1, pp.2061-2066, 2013.
DOI : 10.3945/ajcn.112.040717

D. Hans, M. Pylipow, J. Long, P. Thureen, and M. Georgieff, Nutritional Practices in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit: Analysis of a, Neonatal Nutrition Survey. Pediatrics, vol.123, pp.51-59, 2006.

T. Senterre and J. Rigo, Optimizing early nutritional support based on recent recommendations in VLBW infants allows abolishing postnatal growth restriction, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol.53, issue.5, pp.536-578, 2011.
DOI : 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31822a009d

T. Senterre and J. Rigo, Reduction in postnatal cumulative nutritional deficit and improvement of growth in extremely preterm infants, Acta Paediatrica, vol.14, issue.Suppl 1, pp.64-70, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/S0929-693X(07)80004-2

M. Blackwell, E. Eichenwald, K. Mcalmon, K. Petit, T. Linton et al., Interneonatal Intensive Care Unit Variation in Growth Rates and Feeding Practices in Healthy Moderately Premature Infants, Journal of Perinatology, vol.67, issue.4 pt 2 suppl, pp.478-85, 2005.
DOI : 10.1136/adc.67.6.691

J. Lee, D. Richardson, and R. Clark, Postnatal growth of infants 30?34 weeks gestational age: A comparison of 63 neonatal intensive care units (NICUs)

, Pediatr Res, vol.49, issue.2, p.358, 2001.

J. Gouyon, S. Iacobelli, C. Ferdynus, and F. Bonsante, Neonatal problems of late and moderate preterm infants, Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine, vol.17, issue.3, pp.146-52, 2012.
DOI : 10.1016/j.siny.2012.01.015

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-01194221

B. Koletzko, O. Goulet, J. Hunt, K. Krohn, and R. Shamir, 1. Guidelines on Paediatric Parenteral Nutrition of the European Society of Paediatric Gastroenterology, Hepatology and Nutrition (ESPGHAN) and the European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN), Supported by the European Society of Paediatric Research (ESPR), Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol.41, issue.Supplement 2, pp.1-87, 2005.
DOI : 10.1097/01.mpg.0000181841.07090.f4

A. Lapillonne, O. Connor, D. Wang, D. Rigo, and J. , Nutritional Recommendations for the Late-Preterm Infant and the Preterm Infant after Hospital Discharge, The Journal of Pediatrics, vol.162, issue.3, pp.90-100, 2013.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jpeds.2012.11.058

, Fenton 2013 Growth Calculator for Preterm Infants Available from http:// www.peditools.org/fenton2013, 2015.

A. Grover, M. Khashu, A. Mukherjee, and V. Kairamkonda, Iatrogenic Malnutrition in Neonatal Intensive Care Units: Urgent Need to Modify Practice, Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol.32, issue.2, pp.140-144, 2008.
DOI : 10.1038/sj.jp.7210937

A. Lapillonne, L. Fellous, M. Mokthari, and E. Kermorvant-duchemin, Parenteral Nutrition Objectives for Very Low Birth Weight Infants: Results of a National Survey, Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, vol.48, issue.5, pp.618-644, 2009.
DOI : 10.1097/MPG.0b013e31818c52bc

M. Ahmed, S. Irwin, and D. Tuthill, Education and evidence are needed to improve neonatal parenteral nutrition practice, Journal of Parenteral and Enteral Nutrition, vol.28, issue.3, pp.176-185, 2004.
DOI : 10.1177/0148607104028003176

R. Ehrenkranz, N. Younes, J. Lemons, A. Fanaroff, E. Donovan et al., Longitudinal Growth of Hospitalized Very Low Birth Weight Infants, Pediatrics, vol.104, issue.2, pp.280-289, 1999.
DOI : 10.1542/peds.104.2.280

C. Fischer, D. Maucort-boulch, E. Megnier-mbo, C. Remontet, L. et al., Early parenteral lipids and growth velocity in extremely-low-birth-weight infants, Clinical Nutrition, vol.33, issue.3, pp.502-510, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.clnu.2013.07.007

URL : https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02071535

A. Lapillonne, V. Carnielli, N. Embleton, and W. Mihatsch, Quality of newborn care: adherence to guidelines for parenteral nutrition in preterm infants in four European countries, BMJ Open, vol.3, issue.9, pp.10-1136, 2013.
DOI : 10.1136/bmjopen-2013-003478

A. Hair, C. Blanco, A. Moreira, K. Hawthorne, M. Lee et al., Randomized Trial of Human Milk Cream as a Supplement to Standard Fortification of an Exclusive Human Milk-Based Diet in Infants 750-1250??g Birth Weight, The Journal of Pediatrics, vol.165, issue.5, pp.915-935, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.07.005

E. Zecca, S. Costa, G. Barone, L. Giordano, C. Zecca et al., Proactive Enteral Nutrition in Moderately Preterm Small for Gestational Age Infants: A Randomized Clinical Trial, The Journal of Pediatrics, vol.165, issue.6, pp.1135-1144, 2014.
DOI : 10.1016/j.jpeds.2014.08.065