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Journal Articles Food Microbiology Year : 2015

Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of foodborne Geobacillus stearothermophilus

Abstract

Geobacillus stearothermophilus is the main thermophilic spore former involved in flat sour spoilage of canned foods. Three typing methods were tested and applied to differentiate strains at intra-species level: panC sequence analysis, REP-PCR and M13-PCR. panC gene was highly conserved within the studied strains, suggesting a low intra-specific diversity. This was supported by REP-PCR primary assays and M13-PCR results. M13-PCR profile analysis succeeded in differentiating six closely related groups (at 79% threshold similarity) among 127 strains from a range of spoiled canned food products and from different canneries. Phenotypic traits were investigated among 20 selected strains representing groups and origins. Ranges of growth under different temperatures (from 40 °C to 70 °C), pH (from 5.0 to 6.5), NaCl concentrations (from 1 to 5%) and sporulation conditions poorly differed between strains, but wet heat resistance of spores showed a 20-fold variation between strains. Furthermore, in this study, strains that belonged to the same M13-PCR genetic group did not share phenotypic characteristics or common origin. The work emphasizes a low diversity within the G. stearothermophilus species but data from this study may contribute to a better control of G. stearothermophilus spoilage in canned food.
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hal-01447933 , version 1 (25-09-2017)

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Loïc Durand, Stella Planchon, Marie-Hélène Guinebretière, Frederic Carlin, Fabienne Remize. Genotypic and phenotypic characterization of foodborne Geobacillus stearothermophilus. Food Microbiology, 2015, 45, pp.103-110. ⟨10.1016/j.fm.2014.01.015⟩. ⟨hal-01447933⟩
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