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Conference Papers Year : 2014

Large-scale sliding induced by sill intrusions at Réunion Island: insights from numerical modeling

Marie Chaput
Virginie Pinel
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Vincent Famin
Laurent Michon

Abstract

Recent structural analysis of outcrops at Piton des Neiges, the eroded shield volcano of La Réunion Island, show that co-and/or post-intrusive sliding occurs at sills, located at deep level, along a detachment. We performed a 2D numerical study to quantify the perturbation induced by sill injection within a volcanic edifice. Magma is considered as an inviscid and pressurized fluid injected in an initially stable edifice under gravity-controlled extension. Displacements along the detachment are controlled by a friction law. We show that sill injection always induces tangential displacements. This effect is strongly increased when sills are emplaced along a detachment rather than in an homegeneous edifice. In this case, the magma injection produces extension behind the intrusion and potentially ends up in a large-scale flank collapse. Sill injections can thus explain the co-intrusive shear deformation observed at Piton des Neiges and the tangential displacements measured at Piton de la Fournaise during the 2007 eruption.
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Dates and versions

hal-01387001 , version 1 (28-10-2016)

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  • HAL Id : hal-01387001 , version 1

Cite

Marie Chaput, Virginie Pinel, Vincent Famin, Laurent Michon. Large-scale sliding induced by sill intrusions at Réunion Island: insights from numerical modeling. EGU 2014, Apr 2014, Vienna, Austria. pp.EGU2014-4340. ⟨hal-01387001⟩
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