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Immunohistochemical Localization and Radioimmunoassay of Corticotropin-Releasing Factor in the Forebrain and Hypophysis of the Frog Rana ridibund

Abstract : The distribution of immunoreactive corticotropin-releasing hormone (CRF) in the forebrain and pituitary of the frog Rana ridibunda was studied by means of specific radioimmunoassay and immunohistochemistry using the indirect immunofluorescence and the peroxidase-antiperoxidase techniques. Relatively high concentrations of CRF-like material were found in both chiasmatic and infundibular regions of the hypothalamus (352 ± 11 and 422 ± 36 pg, respectively). Large amounts of CRF were also found in neurointermediate lobe extracts. Standard curves of synthetic CRF and the dilution curves for hypothalamic or neurointermediate lobe extracts were parallel. After Sephadex G-75 gel filtration, CRF-like immunoreactivity eluted in a single peak, in the same position as synthetic ovine CRF. Reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography of the material purified on Sephadex G-75 revealed 5 components with CRF-like immunoreactivity. The major peak had a retention time of 22 min as compared to 25.4 min for ovine CRF and 36 min for rat CRF. The detection of CRF-like immunoreactivity in neurons was facilitated by colchicine pretreatment of the frogs. The great majority of the CRF-positive perikarya were seen in the ventral region of the preoptic nucleus. A few scattered perikarya were also observed in the dorsal preoptic nucleus and in the retrochiasmatic region. Immunoreactive fibers were found in the infundibular nucleus and in various extrahypothalamic zones. CRF-containing neurons were apparently distinct from mesotocinergic and vasotocinergic neurons. A large number of immunoreactive nerve fibers were observed in the median eminence in close contact with the capillaries of the pituitary portal plexus and in the neural lobe. A few CRF-positive fibers were detected in the intermediate lobe, whereas the distal lobe was totally negative. These results show that the diencephalon and pars intermedia-nervosa of the frog contain a peptide immunologically related to mammalian CRF.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 20, 2016 - 1:32:56 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, April 11, 2019 - 12:34:15 PM




Marie-Christine Tonon, Arlette Burlet, Marc Lauber, Pascale Cuet, Sylvie Jégou, et al.. Immunohistochemical Localization and Radioimmunoassay of Corticotropin-Releasing Factor in the Forebrain and Hypophysis of the Frog Rana ridibund. Neuroendocrinology, Karger, 2004, 40 (2), ⟨10.1159/000124063⟩. ⟨hal-01368990⟩



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