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Rift Valley Fever in Ruminants, Republic of Comoros, 2009

Abstract : Rift Valley fever (RVF) is caused by a Phlebovirus (family Bunyaviridae) transmitted by a wide range of mosquitoes (1). This zoonotic disease is present in Africa, the Middle East, and Madagascar. Infections by RVF virus (RVFV) in ruminants cause massive abortions in livestock and high death rates in young animals, which result in major economic consequences. Humans are infected by mosquito bites, contact, or inhalation of aerosols. RVF is frequently unapparent or mild for humans, inducing an influenza-like illness that occasionally leads to more serious complications such as hemorrhage, meningoencephalitis, retinopathy, or even death. The improvement of the Comorian veterinary services and the setting up of surveillance programs are essential to limit the risk of introducing devastating diseases in the area.
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Matthieu Roger, Sébastien Girard, Abdourahime Faharoudine, Mohamed Halifa, Michèle Bouloy, et al.. Rift Valley Fever in Ruminants, Republic of Comoros, 2009. Emerging Infectious Diseases, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2011, 17 (7), pp.1319-1320. ⟨10.3201/eid1707.102031⟩. ⟨hal-01285458⟩



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